Analysis of the impact of cytoplasmic and mitochondrial inheritance on litter size and carcass in rabbits


  • Nguyen Thao Nguyen Kaposvár University
  • Vladimir Brajkovic University of Zagreb
  • Vlatka Cubric-Curik University of Zagreb
  • Strahil Ristov Ruđer Bošković Institute
  • Zoran Veir University J. J. Strossmayer
  • Zsolt Szendrő University of Kaposvar
  • Istvan Nagy Kaposvár University
  • Ino Curik University of Zagreb



mitochondrial DNA, breeding value, litter size, carcass, rabbit


The effects of mitogenome variation on economically important traits have been reported in a number of domestic animal species. In this study, the first of its kind on rabbits, we have performed the estimation of the contribution of cytoplasmic and D-loop mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequence effects on the litter size and carcass traits in three Pannon rabbit breeds (Pannon Ka, Pannon Large and Pannon White). The observed effects of both estimates, coming from cytoplasmic or D-loop mtDNA variation, were negligible. The most likely explanation for the results obtained is the lack of mitogenome polymorphism in all three populations, as suggested from the analysis performed on the D-loop mtDNA sequence, here assigned to the two most frequent rabbit haplotypes. The extent of potential benefits of the introduction, or alteration, of mitogenome variation in rabbit breeding remains an open question for future research.


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Author Biographies

Nguyen Thao Nguyen, Kaposvár University

Kaposvár University, Faculty of Animal Science

PhD student

Vladimir Brajkovic, University of Zagreb


Vlatka Cubric-Curik, University of Zagreb

Head of Department

Strahil Ristov, Ruđer Bošković Institute


Zoran Veir, University J. J. Strossmayer

Faculty of Medicine

Zsolt Szendrő, University of Kaposvar

Faculty of Animal Science

Professor emeritus

Istvan Nagy, Kaposvár University

Faculty of Animal Science

Senior Researcher


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