Ginger attenuated di (n-butyl) phthalate-induced reproductive toxicity in pubertal male rabbits

S. S. Oda, R. S. Waheeb


This study was conducted to investigate the toxic effects of di (n-butyl) phthalate (DBP) on reproductive functions in male rabbits and the probable protective role of ginger. Twenty rabbits were divided equally into 4 groups: control group; DBP group (520 mg/kg body weight [BW] DBP orally), DBP+ginger group (520 mg/kg BW DBP and 400 mg/kg BW ginger) and ginger group (400 mg/kg BW ginger orally). Treatments were given three-times/week. After 7 wk of the experiment, DBP induced significant reduction in testis and prostate weights, serum and intratesticular testosterone concentrations, sperm counts both mass and progressive sperm motility and live sperms percentage as well as significant elevation of testicular malondialdehyde compared to control group. No significant changes were detected in epididymal weights, serum FSH and serum LH concentrations and testicular total superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase activities in all treated groups. DBP induced considerable histopathological alterations in testis and to minimal extent in epididymis and prostates. Ginger treatment attenuated the significant changes to a certain extent induced by DBP intoxication in male rabbits probably due to its potential to scavenge free radicals.


di (n-butyl) phthalate; ginger; rabbits; testes; prostate, semen quality

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