Evaluating skin quality of some rabbit breeds under Egyptian conditions


  • Emad Taha Desert Research Center
  • Samia Hekal Desert Research Center
  • Ahmed Ibrahim Nasr Desert Research Center




rabbit, breed, hair, fur, tanning


Histological skin parameters in addition to mechanical and chemical properties of chrome tanned rabbits’ furs were determined in this study to evaluate and compare the quality of some rabbit breeds. Seventy-nine male rabbits aged 3 mo of New Zealand White (NZW, n=27), Rex (RX, n=24) and Gabaly (GB, n=28) were used. Results showed that GB skins had the highest values in skin weight (P<0.01) and area (P<0.05) followed by NZW and RX skins, respectively. Moreover, NZW skins differed in histological structure from the other 2 breeds, as total thickness and thickness of papillary and hypodermis layers in NZW were more than twice those of RX and GB (P<0.05). This structure is caused by an increase in fine collagen fibre bundles in papillary layer and a limited increase in larger collagen fibre bundles in the reticular layer. Furthermore, finished tanned furs properties clarify the superiority of GB furs in values of tensile and tearing strengths followed by NZW and RX, respectively. These results point to the possibility of using the chrome tanned furs of the 3 breeds in leather garment manufacturing.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Emad Taha, Desert Research Center

Department of Wool Production and Technology, Animal & Poultry Production Division

Samia Hekal, Desert Research Center

Department of Wool Production and Technology, Animal & Poultry Production Division

Ahmed Ibrahim Nasr, Desert Research Center

Department of Wool Production and Technology, Animal & Poultry Production Division


Abdelsalam M.M., El-Gabbas H.M., Abdelaziz N.M. 1998. Physical properties of raw hides and leather of the Egyptian Camel. Alexandria J. Agric. Res., 43: 3-19.

ASTM. 2014. American Society for Testing and Materials. Books of standards vol. 15.04.

Atlee B.A., Stannard A.A., Fowler M.E., Willemse T., Ihrke P.J., Olivry T. 1997. The histology of normal llama skin. Vet. Dermatol., 8: 165-176. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3164.1997.d01-13.x

Barker J.R. 1958. Principles of biological technique. London, Meunchen, New York. John Wiley. Bancroft, J.D. BASF. 2007. Pocket book for leather technologist. 4th ed, 67056 Ludwigshafen, Germany.

Covington A.D. 2009. Tanning chemistry the science of leather. RSC publishing, Cambrige, London.

Drury R.A.P., Wallington E.A. 1980. Carlton’s Histological Technique. 4th Ed. Oxford, New Yourk, Toronto, Oxford University Press.

El-Nahrawy M.A. 2011. Country Pasture/Forage Resource Profiles EGYPT. World Food And Agriculture Organization, Rome, Italy.

El-Sheikh T.M, Mona G.M., Selem T.S.T. 2011. Comparative studies on some productive capabilities among imported, endogenous and native rabbit breeds under Egyptian environmental conditions. Lucrari Stiintifice-Universitatea de Stiinte Agricole si Medicina Veterinara, Seria Zootehnie, 56:364-369.

FAO. 2013. Statistical Yearbook. World Food And Agriculture Organization, Rome.

Galal E.S.E., Khalil M.H. 1994. Development of rabbit industry in Egypt. CIHEAM – Options Mediterraneennes, 43-53.

Heidemann E. 1993. Fundamentals of leather manufacture. Eduard Roether KG Druckerei und Verlag, Darmstadt.

ISO 11646, 2014. Leather – Measurement of area.

Khalil M.H., Ibrahim M.K., El-Deghadi A.S. 1998. Genetic evaluation of fur traits in New Zealand White and Californian rabbits raised on high ambient temperature. World Rabbit Sci., 6: 311-318. https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs.1998.362

Kotb A.A. 1987. Studies on physical and histological properties of hides and skins of farm Animals. M.Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Agric., Alex. Univ., Egypt.

Lebas F., Coudert P., de Rochambeau H., Thébault R.G. 1997. The rabbit husbandry, health and production. FAO, Rome, Italy.

Nasr A.I., Abdelsalam M.M., Azzam A.H. 2013. Effect of tanning method and region on physical and chemical properties of Barki sheep leather. Egyptian J. of Sheep and Goat Sci., 8: 123-130.

Naylor G.R.S, Veitch C.J., Mayfield R.J., Kettlewell R. 1992. Fabric evoked prickle. Text. Res. J., 62: 487-493. https://doi.org/10.1177/004051759206200809

Oznurlu Y., Celik I., Sur E., Telatar T., Ozparlak H. 2009. Comparative skin histology of the White New Zealand and Angora rabbits; Histometrical and Immunohistochemical evaluations. J. Anim. Vet. Adv., 8: 1694-1701.

Rogers A.D., Lupton C.J., Lukefahr S.D. 2006. Fiber production and properties in genetically furred and furless rabbits. J. Anim. Sci., 84: 2566-2574. https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2006-106

SAS. 2008. SAS/STAT User’s Guide (Release 9.2). SAS Inst. Inc., Cary NC, USA.

TAO Y.R. 1994. Studies on the quality of Rex rabbit fur. World Rabbit Sci., 2: 21-24. https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs.1994.213