Effect of dietary sodium on digestibility of nutrients and performance in growing rabbits.

 S. Chamorro, M.S. Gómez Conde, C. Centeno, R. Carabaño, J.C. De Blas

Abstract

The effects of a reduction in the sodium content from 2.6 to 1.6 g/kg DM in diets with similarelectrolyte balance on fattening performances and ileal apparent digestibility of nutrients were investigated inearly weaned rabbits. Two diets containing 17.9% DM of crude protein, with the same composition and onlydiffering in sodium chloride content (0.5 and 0.2%) were given to rabbits weaned at 25 days to measurefattening performance (46 rabbits per diet), and apparent ileal digestibility (AID, 14 rabbits per diet) of DM,crude protein (CP) and amino acids (AA). Neither AID of DM nor AID of CP, which amounted 47.4 and 60.9% asaverage respectively, were affected by the dietary sodium content. The effect of a decrease in dietary sodiumconcentration on the AID differed among amino acids, as a reduction was observed for cystine (by 11%;P<0.01), methionine, arginine, tyrosine and phenylalanine (by 4.9, 5.6, 7.4 and 10.3%; respectively P<0.05),glutamic acid, leucine and isoleucine (by 4.1, 6.1 and 7.1%, respectively P<0.1), whereas no differences(P>0.10) were detected for the other amino acids. A reduction of dietary sodium content did not affect dailyweight gain, feed intake and feed efficiency (46.7 g/d, 76.7 g/d and 0.609 as average, respectively) neitherduring the first two weeks after weaning when the experimental diets were used, nor when the wholefattening period was regarded. The results of this experiment indicate that is possible to reduce the currentdietary sodium recommendations for fattening rabbits to 1.6 g/kg DM during the first two weeks after weaning,without impairing either the fattening performances or the ileal digestibility of DM and CP. In addition, this studyindicate that the level of sodium in the diet affects the gut absorption of methionine and cystine and severalnon-essential AA.

Keywords

Dietary sodium; amino acid; ileal digestibility; growing rabbits

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 Universitat Politècnica de València

 

Official journal of the World Rabbit Science Association (WRSA)

 

e-ISSN: 1989-8886     ISSN: 1257-5011   https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs