Crossbreeding parameters of some productive traits in meat rabbits.
A crossbreeding experiment using animals from C and R rabbit strains was conducted. Direct and maternal additive genetic effects and direct heterosis were estimated for some productive traits during the post-weaning growing period. Growth rate, daily feed consumption, and feed conversion ratio, between 32 to 60 days of age, were recorded for 1377 young rabbits. At 66 days of age, 736 animals were weighed and slaughtered in a commercial slaughter-house. No fastening was practiced. Carcasses were weighed 30 min after slaughter and then they were chilled (4ºC, 24 hours) and weighed again. Carcass yield and drip loss percentage were computed. Model of analysis included the genetic type effect (C, CxR, RxC, R), batch effect, parity effect, litter size at birth effect, live weight at 60 days as a covariate to adjust growth, consumption and feed efficiency for differences in live weight at 60 days of age, common environmental litter effects and the additive genetic effects. Main relationships between individuals were taken into account through the relationship matrix. Crossbreeding parameters were computed from linear contrasts between levels of genetic type effect following Dickerson?s model. Despite the differences between genetic types found, the difference between direct additive genetic effects was only significant for live weight at 60 days and daily feed intake. Neither heterosis nor maternal effects were significant for any of the traits analyzed.
rabbit; crossbreeding parameters; growth; feed efficiency; carcass yield
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1. Impact of crossbreeding on performance traits in two breeds of rabbit under Egyptian conditions
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Mansoura Veterinary Medical Journal vol: 21 issue: 2 first page: 19 year: 2020