Ovulation rate and early embryonic survival rate in female rabbits of a synthetic line and a local Algerian population

R. Belabbas, M.L. García, H. AinBaziz, A. Berbar, G. Zitouni, M. Lafri, M. Bouzouan, R. Merrouche, D. Ismail, Z. Boumahdi, N. Benali, M.J. Argente

Abstract

A higher litter size at birth has been reported in female rabbits from a Synthetic line than in those of the Local Algerian population. The aim of this work was to analyse whether this difference in litter size was due to a higher ovulation rate and/or embryonic survival rate in Synthetic line than in Local Algerian population. In total, 24 multiparous female rabbits from Synthetic line and 23 from Local population were used in this experiment. Litter size at birth was recorded up to the first 3 parities. Litter size was 20% higher in Synthetic line than Local population. At their 4th gestation, the females were euthanized at 72 h post coitum. Synthetic line females had 50% more ova and embryos than those of Local population (+4.42 ova and +3.92 embryos, respectively). Synthetic line displayed a lower percentage of normal embryos and a larger number of unfertilized oocytes than Local population (–2.81% and +0.64 oocytes, respectively), but differences were not relevant. Synthetic line showed a lesser embryonic stage of development at 72 h post coitum, showing a higher percentage of early morulae (31.50 vs. 8.50%) and a lower percentage of compact morulae (51.45 vs. 78.65%) than Local population. No relevant difference was found for early embryonic survival rate between Synthetic line and Local population. In conclusion, the difference in litter size was mainly due to a higher ovulation rate in the Synthetic line, allowing more embryos to develop in this line.


Keywords

embryonic development; fertilization; litter size; ovulation rate; Synthetic line; rabbit

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References

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Veterinary World  vol: 12  issue: 1  first page: 55  year: 2019  
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