Physiological values of some blood indicators in selected dwarf rabbit breeds

V. Šimek, D. Zapletal, E. Straková, A. Pavlík, P. Suchý

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of breed on haematological and biochemical indicators in 3 dwarf rabbit breeds. In the experiment, 30 sexually intact dwarf rabbit females aged 6 mo were used. With the sole exception of white blood cells and haematocrit value, breed had the most significant effect on the majority of haematological indicators monitored. The red blood cell count was higher in the Dwarf Lop compared to the Netherland Dwarf (+1.91×1012 cells/L; P<0.05) and also the Teddy Dwarf (+1.32×1012 cells/L; P<0.05). For haemoglobin concentration, a higher value was found in the Netherland Dwarf than in the Teddy Dwarf (+39.29 g/L; P<0.05) and the Dwarf Lop (+26.36 g/L; P<0.05). For erythrocytic indicators, the highest values of mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular haemoglobin and mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration were found in the Netherland Dwarf. The breed had a significant effect on the urea and potassium values. A higher value of urea was recorded in the Dwarf Lop compared to the Teddy Dwarf (+1.56 mmol/L; P<0.05). For potassium, a higher value was found in the Netherland Dwarf compared to the Teddy Dwarf (+0.85 mmol/L; P<0.05). In addition, a significantly positive correlation (P<0.05) was found between the live weight of dwarf females and values of haematocrit (0.49), albumin (0.54), alanine aminotransferase (0.51), and aspartate aminotransferase (0.41), while a significantly negative correlation (P<0.05) was found between their live weight and values of triacylglycerols (–0.44), alkaline phosphatase (–0.38) and inorganic phosphorus (–0.52). 


Keywords

dwarf rabbit; breeds; haematological indicators; biochemical indicators; plasma; normal values

Full Text:

PDF

References

Abdel-Azeem A.S., Abdel-Azim A.M., Darwish A.A., Omar E.M. 2010. Haematological and biochemical observations in four pure breeds of rabbits and their crosses under Egyptian environmental conditions. World Rabbit Sci., 18: 103-110. doi:10.4995/wrs.2010.18.13

Archetti I., Tittarelli C., Cerioli M., Brivio R., Grilli G., Lavazza A. 2008. Serum chemistry and hematology values in commercial rabbits: preliminary data from industrial farms in northern Italy. In Proc.: 9th World Rabbit Congress, June 10-13, 2008, Verona, Italy, 1147-1151.

Bonvehi C., Ardiaca M., Barrera S., Cuesta M., Montesinos A. 2014. Prevalence and types of hyponatremia, its relationship with hyperglycaemia and mortality in ill pet rabbits. Vet. Rec., 174: 554. Published online. doi:10.1136/vr.102054

Brockus C.W. 2011. Erytrocytes. In: Latimer K.S. (Ed.). Duncan and Prassers´s Veterinary Laboratory Medicine: Clinical Patology (5th ed). Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, UK, 3-44.

Burnett N., Mathura K., Metivier K.S., Holder R.B., Brown G., Campbell M. 2006. An investigation into haematological and serum chemistry parameters of rabbits in Trinidad. World Rabbit Sci., 14: 175-187. doi:10.4995/wrs.2006.556

Campbell T.W. 2004. Mammalian Hematology: Laboratory Animals and Miscellaneous Species. In Thrall, M.A. (Ed.). Veterinary hematology and clinical chemistry (1st ed). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, USA, 211-224.

Chineke C.A., Ologun A.G., Ikeobi C.O.N. 2006. Hematological parameters in rabbit breeds and crosses in humid tropics. Pak. J. Biol. Sci., 9: 2102-2106. doi:10.3923/pjbs.2006.2102.2016

Gillet C.S. 1994. Selected drug dosages and clinical reference data. In: Manning P.J., Ringler D.H., Newcomer C.E. (Eds.). The Biology of the Laboratory Rabbits (2nd ed). Academic Press, New York, USA, 467-472. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-469235-0.50028-2

González-Redondo P., Contreras-Chacón G.M. 2012. Perceptions among university students in Seville (Spain) of the rabbit as livestock and as companion animal. World Rabbit Sci., 20:155-162. doi:10.4995/wrs.2012.1147

Hanna M.F.S., Meshreky S.Z., El-Zaiat A.A.A. 2008. Effect of some supplementation medicinal plant on growth performance, carcass traits and economical efficiency of growing rabbits. In Proc.: The 1st Egyptian Conference on Rabbit Sciences, October 29-30, 2008, Cairo, Egypt, 167-181.

Harcourt-Brown F.M. 2002. Textbook of Rabbit Medicine (1st ed). Butterworth Heinemann, Oxford, UK.

Harcourt-Brown F.M., Harcourt-Brown S.F. 2012. Clinical values of blood glucose measurement in pet rabbits. Vet. Rec., 170: 674. Published online. doi:10.1136/vr.100321

Hewitt C.D., Innes D.J., Savory J., Wills M.R. 1989. Normal biochemical and hematological values in New Zealand White rabbits. Clin. Chem., 35: 1777-1779.

Ironkwe M.O., Oruwari B.M. 2011. The influence of high dietary energy sources on haematological status and niacin treatment of the rabbits. Pak. J. Nutr., 10: 974-977. doi:10.3923/pjn.2011.974.977

Jeklová E., Leva L., Knotigová P., Faldyna M. 2009. Age-related changes in selected haematology parameters in rabbits. Res. Vet. Sci., 86: 525-528. doi:10.1015/j.rvsc.2008.10.007

Kisch W.H. 2010. Productive performance and physiological parameters of growing rabbits as affected by weaning age. Egyptian J. Anim. Prod., 47: 125-132.

Lassen E.D., Weiser G. 2004. Laboratory Technology for Veterinary Medicine. In: Thrall M.A. (Ed.). Veterinary hematology and clinical chemistry (1st ed). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, USA, 3-38.

Loeb W.F., Quimby, F.W. (Eds.). 1989. The clinical chemistry of laboratory animals (1st ed). Pergamon Press, New York, USA.

Martinec M., Härtlová H., Chodová D., Tůmová E., Fučíková A. 2012. Selected haematological and biochemical indicators in different breeds of rabbits. Acta Vet. Brno, 81: 371-375. doi:10.2754/avb201281040371

Meredith A. 2014. The value of clinical pathology in pet rabbit medicine. Vet. Rec., 174: 552-553. doi:10.1136/vr.g3531

Murray M.J. 2006. Understanding clinical pathology in rabbits. In Proc.: American veterinary conference, January 7-11, 2006, Orlando, USA, 1751-1753.

Ondruska L., Rafay J., Okab A.B., Ayoub M.A., Al-Haidary A.A., Samara E.M., Parkanyi V., Chrastinova L., Jurcik R., Massanyi P., Lukac N., Supuka P. 2011. Influence of elevated ambient temperature upon some physiological measurements of New Zealand White rabbits. Vet. Med-Czech., 56: 180-186.

Oxley J.A., Previti A., Alibrandi A., Briefer E.F., Passantino A. 2015. A preliminary internet survey of pet rabbit owners' characteristics. World Rabbit Sci., 23: 289-293. doi:10.4995/wrs.2015.3771

Özkan C., Kaya A., Akgűl Y. 2012. Normal values of haematological and some biochemical parameters in serum and urine on New Zealand White rabbits. World Rabbit Sci., 20: 253-259. doi:10.4995/wrs.2012.1229

Poljičak-Milas N., Kardum-Skelin M., Vuđan M., Marenjak T.S., Ballarin-Perharić A., Milas Z. 2009. Blood cells analyses and erythrocytes morphometry in New Zealand white rabbits. Vet. Arhiv, 79: 561-567.

Snook T.S., White S.D., Hawkins M.G., Tell L.A., Wilson L.S., Outerbrigde C.A., Ihrke P.J. 2013. Skin diseases in pet rabbits: a retrospective study of 334 cases seen at University of California at Davis, USA (1984-2004). Vet. Dermatol., 24:613-e148. doi:10.1111/vde.12087

StatSoft Inc. 2011. STATISTICA data analysis software system. Version 10. StatSoft Inc., Tulsa, OK, USA.

Supuka P., Mazensky D., Supukova A., Parkanyi V., Ondruska L., Hornak S., Hromada R., Petrovic V. 2014. Homozygous Pelger-Huet anomaly in three different crossbred rabbits: a case report. Vet. Med-Czech., 59: 95-101.

Sweet H., Pearson A.J., Watson P.J., German, A.J. 2013. A novel zoometric index for assessing body composition in adult rabbits. Vet. Rec., 173: 369 Published online. doi:10.1136/vr101771

Tokarz-Deptuła B., Niedźwiedzka-Rystwej P., Adamiak M., Hukowska-Szematowicz B., Trzeciak-Ryczek A., Deptuła W. 2014. Values of white and red blood cells parameters in Polish mixed breed rabbits in the annual cycle. Pol. J. Vet. Sci., 17: 643-655. doi:10.2478/pjvs-2014-0095

Trebušak T., Levart A., Frankič T., Salobir J., Pirman T. 2014. Effect of dietary linseed oil and Ganoderma lucidum or olive leaves supplementation on fatty acids composition and oxidative status of rabbits. World Rabbit Sci., 22: 71-81. doi:10.4995/wrs.2014.1183

Tůmová E., Martinec M., Volek Z., Härtlová H., Chodová D., Bízková Z. 2013. A study of growth and some blood parameters in Czech rabbits. World Rabbit Sci., 21: 251-256. doi:10.4995/wrs.2013.1320

Villamide M.J., Carabaño R., Maertens L., Pascual J., Gidenne T., Falcao-E-Cunha L., Xiccato G. 2009. Prediction of the nutritional value of European compound feeds for rabbits by chemical components and in vitro analysis. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 150: 283-295. doi:10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2008.09.007

Wang S.J., Liu W.J., Sargent C.A, Zhao S.H., Liu H.B., Liu X.D., Wang C., Hua G.H., Yang L.G., Affara N.A., Zhang S.J. 2012. Effect of the polymorphisms of Mx1, BAT2 and CXCL12 genes on immunological traits in pigs. Molecular Biology Reports, 39: 2417-2427. doi:10.1007/s11033-011-0992-y

Wesche P. 2014. Clinical pathology. In: Meredith A., Lord B. (Eds.). Rabbit Medicine (1st ed). BSAVA, Gloucester, UK, 124-137.

Yamaki K., Mizuma Y. 1982. Correlated responses of growth traits to selection for high and low plasma alkaline phosphatase in mice. Theor. Appl. Gen., 62: 281-287.

Zadina J. 2003. Czech Breed Standards for rabbits. Czech Small Animal Breeders Association, Brno, CZ.

Abstract Views

2855
Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


 

Cited-By (articles included in Crossref)

This journal is a Crossref Cited-by Linking member. This list shows the references that citing the article automatically, if there are. For more information about the system please visit Crossref site

1. Mirrors Can Affect Growth Rate, Blood Profile, Carcass and Meat Traits and Caecal Microbial Activity of Rabbits Reared in a “Small Group” Free-Range System
Musco, Lombardi, Addeo, Secci, Parisi, Pero, Piccolo, Nizza, Bovera
Animals  vol: 9  issue: 9  first page: 639  year: 2019  
doi: 10.3390/ani9090639



 

 Universitat Politècnica de València

 

Official journal of the World Rabbit Science Association (WRSA)

 

e-ISSN: 1989-8886     ISSN: 1257-5011   https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs