Study of failures in a rabbit line selected for growth rate


  • C. Naturil-Alfonso Institute of Science and Animal Technology, Laboratorio de Biotecnología de la Reproducción, Universitat Politècnica de València
  • R. Lavara Institute of Science and Animal Technology, Laboratorio de Biotecnología de la Reproducción, Universitat Politècnica de València
  • P. Millán Departamento de Fisiología Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad Complutense de Madrid
  • P.G. Rebollar Departamento de Producción Agraria, Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros Agrónomos, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid
  • J.S. Vicente Institute of Science and Animal Technology, Laboratorio de Biotecnología de la Reproducción, Universitat Politècnica de València
  • F. Marco-Jiménez Institute of Science and Animal Technology, Laboratorio de Biotecnología de la Reproducción, Universitat Politècnica de València



ovulation failure, growth rate, LH, mating


Selection for growth rate is negatively related with reproductive fitness. The aim of this work was to analyse the causes of fertility failure in rabbit does selected for growth rate and characterised for reproductive deficiencies (line R). In the experiment, 82 does were divided into 2 groups: naturally mated (NM) and artificially inseminated (AI), to relate luteinizing hormone (LH) concentration with ovulation induction and pregnancy rate by laparoscopic determination. Additionally, in 38 of these females ovulation rate and metabolites determination (leptin, NEFA, BOHB and glucose) were analysed and perirenal fat thickness measurement and live body weight (LBW) determined. The results showed that all ovulated does (both NM and AI) presented higher concentrations of LH than non-ovulated females. In addition, non-ovulated females showed high levels of leptin and BOHB, as well as LBW. Females from line R have an inherit reduced fertility due to ovulation failure as a consequence of a reduction in LH release, which could be explained by a heavier body weight and higher leptin concentrations.


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