The effect of live weight on the carcass traits and the chemical composition of meat of Pannon White rabbits between 2.2 and 3.5 kgs.

 Zs. Szendrö, I. Radnai, E. Biró-Németh, R. Romvári, G. Milisits, Á. Kenessey

Abstract

For 267 Pannon White growing rabbits of both sexes slaughtered at a body weight of 2.2-2.4, 2.4-2.6, 2.6-2.8, 2.8-3.0, 3.0-3.2, 3.2-3.4 and 3.4-3.5 kg, the average dressing percentage was 59.5, 60.7, 61.9, 62.2, 61.4, 62.4 and 62.1 % respectively. While the weight of live animals increased by about 50 % between 2.29 and 3.42 kg the change in the weight of blood (23 %), full gastrointestinal tract (26 %) and head (35 %) were the lowest, whereas the intermediate part (65 %), liver (82 %), skin (73 %), meat on hind legs (74 %), meat on the intermediate part (85 %) and perirenal fat (326 %) gained weight the most rapidly. 129 Pannon White rabbits were slaughtered between 2.2 and 3.5 kg live weight. The water, protein, fat and ash content of their meat was analyzed in the M. longissimus dorsi (LD), hind leg (HL) and M. /ongíssimus dorsi + belly (LD + B). Water content averaged 74.8, 73.8 and 71.0 % in LD, HL and LD + B respectively, whereas protein, fat and ash content averaged 23.1, 22.1 and 21.7 %, 1.08, 3.24 and 6.39 %, 1.15, 1.09 and 1.04 % respectively, in the arder of the meat parts Usted above. Water content decreased and fat content increased with increasing weight (r = -0.47, -0.33 and -0.51, r = 0.38, 0.31 and 0.45 for water and fat contents of LD, HL and LD + B respectively). Protein and ash content did not change significantly with weight.


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 Universitat Politècnica de València

 

Official journal of the World Rabbit Science Association (WRSA)

 

e-ISSN: 1989-8886     ISSN: 1257-5011   https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs