Preliminary study of the individual variability of the sexual receptivity of rabbit does

M. Theau.Clément, A. Tircazes, G. Saleil, D. Monniaux, L. Bodín, J.M. Brun

Abstract

The aim of this preliminary experiment was to investigate the individual variability of the sexual receptivity of a rabbit doe in the presence of a buck (lordosis position, 0-1  variable). Twenty primiparous does maintained without reproduction were tested over 4 mo (3 tests per week at a 2- or 3-day interval) after their first kindling. Out of 48 tests, the receptivity rate was 52.5±50.0% on average and varied from 20.0 to 73.3% depending on the test day. The does were lactating at the beginning of the test period and a strong receptivity decrease was revealed at the peak of lactation. Receptivity did not vary according to the tester buck or to the test operator. The individual receptivity of does varied from 8.6 to 81.3%; three of them had a receptivity rate lower than 30% and four of them a receptivity rate greater than 70%. No relationship was revealed between average receptivity and body weight or body weight variations around first litter weaning. The repeatability of sexual receptivity of non-lactating does was 23.2%. Lowly receptive does had a shorter average oestrus time (<2 tests) and a longer dioestrus time (≥6 tests), whereas highly receptive does had a longer oestrus time (>4 tests) and a shorter dioestrus time (≤3 tests). The correlation between average receptivity and average oestrus time was 0.80. These results indicate a fairly high individual variability of the expression of rabbit sexual receptivity and of its duration, and justify the exploration of an eventual genetic origin in a subsequent experiment.


Keywords

rabbit; sexual receptivity; oestrus behaviour

Full Text:

PDF

References

Argente M. J., Blasco A., Ortega J. A., Haley C. S., Vissher P. M. 2003. Analyses for the presence of a major gene affecting uterine capacity in unilaterally ovariectomised rabbits. Genetics, 163: 1061-1068.

Boiti C., Canali C., Monaci M., Stradaioli G., Verini Supplizi A., Vacca C., Castellini C., Facchin E. 1996. Effect of postpartum progesterone levels on receptivity, ovarian response, embryo quality and development in rabbits. In Proc.: 6th World Rabbit Congress, July 9-12, 1996, Toulouse, France, 2:45-50

Boiti C., Besenfelder U., Brecchia G., Theau-Clément M., Zerani M. 2006. Reproductive physiopathology of the rabbit doe. In Maertens L, Coudert P, (Eds) Recent Advances in Rabbit Sciences, Cost Action 848: Multi-facetted research in rabbits: a model to develop a healthy and safe production in respect with animal welfare, 3-19.

Casado C., Piquer O., Cervera C., Pascual J.J. 2006. Modelling the lactation curve of rabbit does: Towards a model including fit suitability and biological interpretation. Livest. Sci., 99: 39-49. doi:10.1016/j.livprodsci.2005.05.019

Cowie A.T. 1969. Variations in the yield and composition of the milk during lactation in the rabbit and the galactopoietic effect of prolactin. J. Endocrinol., 44: 437-450. doi:10.1677/joe.0.0440437

García, M. L., Baselga, M. 2002a. Genetic response to selection for reproductive performance in a maternal line of rabbit. World Rabbit Sci., 10: 71-76. doi:10.4995/wrs.2002.478

García, M. L., Baselga, M. 2002b. Estimation of genetic response in litter size of rabbits using a cryopreserved control population. Livest. Prod. Sci., 74: 45-53. doi:10.1016/S0301-6226(01)00280-9

Garreau H., Szendrő Zs., Larzul C., de Rochambeau H. 2000. Genetic parameters and genetic trends of growth and litter size in the White Pannon Breed. In Proc.: 7th World Rabbit Congress, July 4-7, 2000, Valencia Spain, J. World Rabbit Sci. Assoc., 8 supp 1: 403-408.

Gomez E., Rafel O., Ramon J., Baselga M. 1996 A genetic study of a line selected on litter size at weaning. In Proc.: 6th World rabbit Congress, July 9-12, 1996, Toulouse, France, 2: 289-292.

Rochambeau H. de. 1998. La femelle parentale issue des souches expérimentales de l’INRA; évolutions génétiques et perspectives. In Proc.: 7èmes Jour. Rech. Cunicole. Lyon, France, 3-14.

Lebas F. 1972. Effet de la simultanéité de la lactation et de la gestation sur les performances laitières chez la lapine. Ann. Zootech., 21: 129-131. doi:10.1051/animres:19720111

Moret B. 1980. Comportement d’oestrus chez la lapine, Cuniculture, nº 33, 7: 159-161.

Parigi-Bini R., Xiccato G. 1993. Recherches sur l’interaction reproduction et lactation chez la lapine. Une revue. World Rabbit Sci., 1: 155-161. doi:10.4995/wrs.1993.209

Renouf B., Klein S. 2008. Identification des pratiques gagnantes des éleveurs les plus productifs en maternité. Journée Nationale du lapin de chair, 25 novembre 2008. Pacé, France : 53-62.

SAS. 2001. SAS/STAT User’s Guide (Release 8.02). SAS Inst. Inc., Cary NC, USA.

Theau-Clément M. 2008. Facteurs de réussite de l’insémination chez la lapine et méthodes d’induction de l’oestrus. INRA Prod. Anim., 21: 221-230 (annexe 6).

Theau-Clément M., Boiti C., Mercier P., Falières J., 2000. Description of the ovarian status and fertilising ability of primiparous rabbit does at different lactation stage. In Proc.: the 7th World Rabbit Congress, July 4-7, 2000, Valencia, Spain, Vol A, 259-266.

Theau-Clément M., Maertens L., Castellini C., Besenfelder U., Boiti C. 2005. Recommendations and guidelines for applied reproduction trials with rabbit does. World Rabbit Sci., 13: 147-164. doi:10.4995/wrs.2005.521

Theau-Clément M., Bolet G., Fortun-Lamothe L., Brecchia G., Boiti C., 2008a. High plasmatic progesterone levels at insemination depress reproductive performance of rabbit does. In Proc.: 9th World Rabbit Congress, 10-13 June, 2008, Vérone, Italy, Index Reproduction, 459-463.

Theau-Clément M., Malpaux B., Lamothe E., Milcent N., Juin H., Bodin L. 2008b. Influence of photoperiod on the sexual behaviour of non-lactating rabbit does: preliminary results. In Proc.: 9th World Rabbit Congress, 10-13 June, 2008, Vérone, Italy, Index Reproduction: 465-469.

Ubilla E., Alvariňo J.M.R., Esquifino A., Agrasal C. 1992. Effects of induction of parturition by administration of a prostaglandin F2α analogue in rabbits: possible modification of prolactin, LH and FSH secretion patterns, Anim. Reprod. Sci., 27: 13-20. doi:10.1016/0378-4320(92)90066-M

Abstract Views

2126
Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM




Official journal of the World Rabbit Science Association (WRSA)

© Universitat Politècnica de València. All rights reserved

 

© World Rabbit Science Associated. All rights reserved

 

e-ISSN: 1989-8886     ISSN: 1257-5011   https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs