Genetic characteristics and distances amongst spanish and french rabbit populations
A total of 990 rabbits were tested using 18 blood electrophoretic markers. These animals belong to 6 breed populations presently breed in Spain (Spanish Common, Spanish Giant, Butterfly, Burgandy Fawn, New Zealand White and Californian), one Spanish cross-breed population, three French crossbreed populations originated from the INRA selected lines (1077, 2066 and 9077) and one Wild Spanish population. 12 markers were found to be polymorphic (Dia-2, 6-Pgd, Es-1, Es-2, Es-3, Es-7, Ada, Hp, Tf, Ca-2 and Hb), each one being controlled by one locus and showing autosomal co-dominant Mendelian inheritance. We have found large differences in gene frequencies of Dia-2, 6-Pgd, Ada, Es- 1, Es-2 and Es-3 loci in French populations. The genetic variabiliy estimated using the average degree of heterozygosity was lower in French than in Spanish populations. The results obtained from genetic distance analysis showed differences between French and Spanish populations. France 3 was the most divergent population. The genetic distance values obtained revealed that French populations are as different amongst themselves as they are between Spanish populations (the value obtained was corresponding to subspecie, NEI, 1987). These differences could have originated from the high selectiva pressure applied to parental lines. In the Spanish group, Spanish Giant was the most divergent population.
ARANA A., ZARAGOZA P., 1986. Nueva variante electroforética del enzima NADH Diaforasa (Dia-2) detectada en la especie Orictolagus cuniculus L. Zootechnia., XXXV, 125 - 130.
ARANA A., ZARAGOZA P., RODELLAR C., AMORENA B., 1987a. Genetic variation and distances amongst Spanish wild rabbit population. An. Genet., 18 supp 1, 52.
ARANA A., ZARAGOZA P., RODELLAR C., AMORENA B., 1989. Blood biochemical polymorphisms as markers for genetic characteristics of wild Spanish and domestic rabbits. Genetica, 79, 1 - 9. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00056059
ARANA A., ZARAGOZA P., ZARAZAGA l., AMORENA B., 1987. Contribution of the Spanish wild rabbit biochemical polymorphisms to the gene pool: A new haemoglobin variant. J. Appl. Rabbit Research, 10, 85-87.
COOGAN M., BALDWIN J., RICHARDSON B.J., 1974. Ecological Genetics of the wild rabbit in Australia l. Geographical distribution and biochemical characterization of phosphogluconate dehydrogenase variants. Aust. J. Biol. Sci., 27, 671-675. https://doi.org/10.1071/BI9740671
GILLLESPIE J.H., KOJIMA K., 1968. Toe degree of polymorphism in enzymes involved in energy production compared to that in nonspecific enzyma in two Drosophila ananassave population. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 61, 582 - 585. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.61.2.582
JUNEJA R.K., WANDEWEGHE A, GHANE B., 1981. A new genetically determined plasma protein polymorphism in the laboratory rabbit. Hereditas, 94, 245 - 249. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1601-5223.1981.tb01760.x
KIMURA M., 1983. The Neutral Theory of Molecular Evolution. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511623486
NEI M., 1987. Molecular Evolutionary Genetics. Columbia University Press, New York. https://doi.org/10.7312/nei-92038
NEI M., 1972. Genetic distance between populations. Amer. Nat., 105, 283 - 292. https://doi.org/10.1086/282771
RICHARDSON B.J., ROGERS P. M., HENITT G.M., 1980. Ecological Genetics of the wild rabbit in Australia II. Protein variation in British, French and Australian rabbits and the geographical distribution of the variation in Australia. Aust. J. Biol. Sci., 33, 371- 382. https://doi.org/10.1071/BI9800371
ROBINSON B.J., OSTERHOFF D.R., 1983. Protein variation and its systematic implications for the South-African Leporidae (Mamundic.Lagomorpha). Anim. Blood Grps and Biochem. Genet. 14, 139 - 143. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2052.1983.tb01068.x
ROCHAMBEAU H., 1994. L'amélloration génétique du lapin en France. Description et Bilan. C. R. Acad. Agric. Fr. 80 (4), 13- 22
SALERMO R., PELUSO F., VALERIO D., 1982. Electrophoresis variants and variation in 6-Pgd activity levels of rabbit. XVIIIth Internat. Conf. on Anim. Blood Grps Biochem. Polymorph:, 80.
SNEATH P.H.A., SOKAL R.R., 1973. Numerical Taxonomy. W.H. Freeman, San Francisco.
SUZUKI Y., STORMONT C., 1972. A third allele in Es-3 system of rabbit blood esterase. Xllth Internat. Conf. on Anim. Blood Grps and Biochem. Polymorph, 653. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-5456-9_123
SWOFFORD D.L., SELANDER R.B., 1981. BIOSYS - 1: A Fortram program for the comprehensive analysis of electrophoretic data in population genetics and systematic. J. Hered., 72, 281 - 283. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.jhered.a109497
WRIGHT S., 1965. The interpretation of populations structure by Fstatistics with special regard to systems of mating. Evolution, 19, 395-420. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1558-5646.1965.tb01731.x
ZARAGOZA P., AMORENA B., ARANA A., ZARAZAGA l., 1985. Populations studies in rabbits presently breed in Spain, using 8 blood proteins (Hb, AK, To, Es-1, Es-2, Es-3, Ada y 6-Pgd) as genetic markers. Anim. Blood Grps and Biochem. Genet., 16 Supp 1, 17.
ZARAGOZA P., ARANA A., AMORENA B., ZARAZAGA l., 1984. Electrophoretic study of the enzyme 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6-Pgd) in Common Spanish breed rabbits. J. Appl. Rabbit Research, 3, 54 - 61.
ZARAGOZA P., ARANA A., RODELLAR C., ZARAZAGA l., AMORENA B., 1990. Blood biochemical polymorphisms in rabbits II. Genetic variation and distances amongst populations of Spanish wild rabbits and relationships with other rabbit populations. Options Mediterrranées, 8, 53 - 63.
ZARAGOZA P., ARANA A., ZARAZAGA l., AMORENA B., 1987. Blood biochemical polymorphisms in rabbits presently breed in Spain: Genetic variation and distances amongst populations. Aust. J. Biol. Sci. ,40 (3), 275 - 286. https://doi.org/10.1071/BI9870275
Metrics powered by PLOS ALM
Cited-By (articles included in Crossref)
This journal is a Crossref Cited-by Linking member. This list shows the references that citing the article automatically, if there are. For more information about the system please visit Crossref site
1. Status and origin of Egyptian local rabbits in comparison with Spanish common rabbits using mitochondrial DNA sequence analysis
Ahmed Mostafa Emam, Sandra Afonso, Pedro González-Redondo, G.M.K. Mehaisen, A.A.A. Azoz, N.A. Ahmed, N. Fernand
World Rabbit Science vol: 28 issue: 2 first page: 93 year: 2020
Official journal of the World Rabbit Science Association (WRSA)
e-ISSN: 1989-8886 ISSN: 1257-5011 https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs