Risks related to antibiotic use in rabbit

D. Licois

Abstract

Digestive troubles are the main cause of morbidity and mortality during growth in rabbit production. The diagnosis of enteritis, which is characterized by diarrhoea, remains difficult to establish. However, identification of sorne specific pathogens may be possible. Coccidia and bacteria, like Escherichia coli (mainly 0103 serogroup) or Clostridium spiroforme are the most frequent pathogens. In adults, respiratory pathology with Pasteurella multocida is predominant, as well as staphylococcal infections.. In these conditions, the rabbit is one of the most important consumers of antibiotics among the domestic animals. The noxious role, particularly of penicillins and of sorne macrolids (clindamycin and lincomycin) is underlined. Otherwise, if sorne antibiotics like tetracyclin can be successfully used against respiratiory disorders, they could be harmful in case of Clostridium spiroforme contamination of rabbits, when used alone. A table at the end of this papar encloses antibiotics to proscribe, to avoid and those that can be used (with brief indications on their dosage). 


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References

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 Universitat Politècnica de València

 

Official journal of the World Rabbit Science Association (WRSA)

 

e-ISSN: 1989-8886     ISSN: 1257-5011   https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs