Subclinical coccidiosis in Angora rabbits, a field survey in Himachal Pradesh, India.

 K.P. Jithendran, T.K. Bhat


Eight species of coccidia were identified in 180 (57.3%) out of 314 faecal samples or topotypes from four commercial rabbitries in Kangra Valley of Himachal Pradesh. Mixed infections were common and 82% of the infected animals harbored 2-4 Eimeria species. Eimeria magna, E eertorans and E media were the predominant species while E. irresidua, E. stiedai and E intestinalis were less common, and E. piriformis and E. coecicola were relatively rare. E. exigua, E. flavescens and E. vejdovskyi were not recorded in the present study. The level of infection based on the oocyst output data, was found to be related to management practices. The intensity of infection assessed by oocyst par gram of faeces (OPG) was higher in big private farms (0.05-80x103) in comparison to small Government farms (0.3-16.5x103).

Full Text:



BRACKETT S., BLIZNICK K., 1952. Toe reproductive potential of five species of coccidia of the chicken as demonstrated by oocyst production. J. Parasitol., 38, 133-139.

CATCHPOLE J., NORTON C.C., 1979. Toe species of Eimeria in rabbits for meat production in Britain. Parasitology, 79, 249-257.

CHANDRA D., GHOSH S.S., 1990. Incidence of diarrhoeal infections in rabbits. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 60, 801-803.

COUDERT P., 1989. Some peculiarities of rabbit coccidiosis ; In : Coccidia and intestinal coccidiomorphs. Vth lnternational Coccidiosis Conference, Tours (France), INRA publ., París, 481-488.

COUDERT P., LICOIS D., STREUN A., 1979. Characterization of Eimeria species. l. Isolation and study of pathogenicíty of a pure strain of Eimeria perforans (Leukart, 1879, Sluiter and Swellengrebel, 1912). Z. Parasitenkd., 59, 227- 234.

COUDERT P., LICOIS D., PROVOT F., DROUET VIARD F., 1993. Eimeria sp. from the rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) : pathogenicity and immunogenicity of Eimeria intestinalis. Parasitol. Res., 79, 186-190.

COUDERT P., LICOIS D., DROUET VIARD F., 1993. Eimeria species and strains of rabbits. I.N.R.A. Publ., Paris, p 113.

JAIN P.C., 1988. Prevalence and comparative morphology of sporulated oocysts of eight species of Eimeria of domestic rabbits in Madhya Pradesh. lndian J. Anim. Sci., 58, 688-691.

KRISHNA L., VAID J., 1987. Intestinal coccidiosis in Angora rabbits - an outbreak. lndian Vet. J., 64, 986-987.

LEBAS F., COUDERT P., ROUVIER R., DE ROCHAMBEAU H., 1986. Toe rabbit husbandry, health and production. FA.O. Animal production and health series, nº 21. FAO, Rome, ltaly, 235 pp.

MAFF, 1984. Manual of Veterinary lnvestigation. Vol. 2, ref. book 390. Her Majesty's Stationary Office, London,pp. 161-167.

MAKKAR H.P.S., SINGH B., 1991. Aflatoxicosis in rabbits. J. Appl. Rabbit Res., 14, 218-221.

MEITEI H.M., PRASAD K.O., SAHAI B.N., ANZARI M.Z., 1988. Coccidíal fauna of rabbits in Ranchi (Bihar). J. Vet. Parasitol., 2, 145-148.

PEETERS J.E., GEERO:MS R., FROYMAN R., HALEN P., 1981. Coccidiosis in rabbits : A field study. Res. Vet. Sci., 30, 328-334.

PEETERS J.E., GEEROMS R., NORTON C.C., 1987. Eimeria magna : resistance against robenidine in the rabbit. Vet. Rec., 121, 545-546.

RAI R.B., SINGH D., SINGH R.N., 1985. Studies on mortality pattern in rabbits. lndian Vet. Med. J., 5, 26-30.

SANYAL P.K., SHARMA S.C., 1990. Clinicopathology of hepatic coccidiosis in rabbits. lndian J Anim. Sci., 60, 924-928.

SANYAL P.K., SRIVASTAVA C.P., 1986. Subclinical coccidiosis in domestic rabbit in semi-arid part ofRajasthan. lndian J. Anim. Sci., 56, 224-225.

SINGH D., 1986. A note on clinicopathology of Eimeria stiedai infection in Angora rabbits. Indian J. Anim. Health., 25, 81-82.

SOULSBY E.J.L., 1982. Helminths, Arthropods and Protozoa of Domesticated Animals. 1th ed., ELBS, Bailliere Tindall, London, 809 pp.

Abstract Views

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


 Universitat Politècnica de València


Official journal of the World Rabbit Science Association (WRSA)


e-ISSN: 1989-8886     ISSN: 1257-5011