Carcass traits of purebred and crossbred rabbits

 R.Y. Nofal, S. Toth, G.Y. Virag


Carcass data on 80 rabbits representing four genetic groups and both sexes were analysed to determine the effects of straight and cross breeding on carcass traits. Genetic groups were New Zealand White (NZW), Califomian (CA) ancl their reciprocal crosses (NZW x CA and CA x NZW). At 14-16 weeks of age live body weight at slaughter (after 24h fasting) averaged 2529, 2459, 2523 and 2569g; and dressing percentages were 60.6, 60.5, 60.1 and 60.8 ¾, respectively. The genetic group effect was not significant for all traits except proportion of the fore-quarters, legs and giblets percentages which were higher in straightbreds than in crossbreds. Sex and genetic group x sex interaction were not significant for all traits except dressing percentage and fore-quarters percentage which increased in males while offals increased in females. Crossbred rabbits attained a suitable slaughter weight 1 week earlier than straightbred rabbits. Estimates of heterosis percentage in dressing percentage, fore-quarters, loin region, hind-quarters, head, liver, giblets and abdominal fat were -0.2, -4.0, +3.5, + 1.2, +0.1, -6.0, -8.0 and -14.4 respectively.

Full Text:



BLASCO A., OUHAYOUN J., MASOERO G., 1993. Harmonization of criteria and terminology in rabbit meat research. World Rabbit Sci., 1 (1), 3-10.

BRUN J.M., OUHAYOUN J., 1989. Growth performance and carcass traits in three strains of rabbits and their two-way crosses. In : Proc. 4th World Rabbit Congress, Budapest, Hungary, vol. 2, 162-175.

EL-QUEN R.Y.N., 1988. Genetic and environmental studies on rabbits; M.Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Agriculture, Tanta University, Egypt.

HARVEY W.R., 1987. User's Guide for LSMLMW and MIXMDL (PC-1). Ohio state Univ., Columbus, USA

JENSEN N.E., TUXEN T., 1986. Report from the rabbit testing station, 1981. A.B.A., 54, 1237.

LUKEFAHR S., HOHENBOKEN W.D., CHEEKE P.R., PATON N.M., 1982. Carcass and meat characteristics of Flemish Giant and New Zealand White purebred and terminal cross rabbits. J. Anim. Sci., 54(6), 1169-1174.

LUKEFAHR S., HOHENBOKEN W.D., CHEEKE P.R., PATON N.M., 1983. Appraisal of nine genetic groups of rabbits for carcass and lean yield traits. J. Anim. Sci., 57 (4), 899-907.

PARIGI-BINI R., XICCATO G., CINETTO M., DALLE ZOTTE A., CONVERSO R., 1993. Effects of age, slaughter and carcass quality. Zootecnia e · Nutrizione Animale (1992), 18 (3-4) 157-172.

RAO D.R., CHEN C.P., SUNKI G.R., JOHNSON W.M., 1978. Effect of weaning and slaughter ages on rabbit meat production. 11 : Carcass quality and composition. J. Anim. Sci., 46 (3), 578-583.

RISTIC M., SCHLOLAUT W., LANGE K., 1988. Influence of final fattening weight on the carcass value and meat quality of young fattening rabbits. In : Proc. 4th World Rabbit Congress, Budapest, Hungary, vol. 2, 197-208.

RUOOLPH W., 1988. Round table. 4th World Rabbit Congress, Budapest, Hungary.

SALEH K., EL-HAKIM A.M., ABD-ELNANI F.M., EL­QEN R.Y.N., 1988. Efficacy of crossbreeding in improving the productivity of rabbits. 3-Slaughter traits. J. Agri. Res. Tanta Univ., 14 (3), 1590-1602.

SZENDRÖ Z., 1989. Az életkor és a testtomeg hatasa az uj-zelandi fehér novendéknyuak vaagas1 kitermelésére. Allatenyésztés és Takarmanyozas, 38(1), 47-53.

SZENDRÖ Z., RADNAI 1, BIRO-NÉMETH E., ROMVÁRI R., 1944. Effect of live weight on the carcass traits of Pannon · White growing rabbits. In : Proc. 1st lnternational Conference of rabbits under hot climates. Cairo, Egypt.

ZELNIK J., GRANAT J., 1974. Growth and meat production in reciprocal crosses of Californian White and French Silver rabbits. Zivocisna Vyroba (197 3), 18(5), 37 3-384.

Abstract Views

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


 Universitat Politècnica de València


Official journal of the World Rabbit Science Association (WRSA)


e-ISSN: 1989-8886     ISSN: 1257-5011