Research on the interaction among nutrition, reproduction and lactation in rabbit does. A review

 R. Parigi-Bini, G. Xiccatto

Abstract

The rabbit doe, at the beginning of its reproductiva activity (first pregnancy first lactation or firs( concurrent pregnancy and lactation), hás a negativa energy and material balance. The net body composition at the first parturition changes definitely during lactation, with an important loss of lipids (about - 40 %) and energy (- 20 %). lf the rabbit doe is concurrently pregnant, the energy deficit becomes greater and the nitrogen and mineral balances become negativa as well. Consequently the second kindling litter size is lower, (- 10 % of total youngs born and - 20 % of rabbits born alive). Moreover, the composition of new born pups shows a lower lipid content which can influences negatively their viability. The energy and nitrogen requirements for maintenance, and the coefficients of utilization of digestible energy (DE) and digestible proteins (DP) for milk energy and protein production are given. In the case of a negativa balance, the coefficients of utilization of body energy and protein for milk production are also reportad.

The author's research had also the object of studying the effect of the diet on the reproductiva performance of does. In particular, the increase of energy intake due to diets supplemented with fat causes an increase of milk production, which is favourable for the litter but does not reduce the maternal energy deficit. In addition, the number of pups born alive at the second parturition is negatively affected. 

A single "feeding strategy" is not able to solve the problem of nutritiva deficit or avoid the unwanted effects of the concurrent pregnancy and lactation. Therefore we have to operate at breeding level, programming a less intensiva remating system, reducing the number of suckling youngs and preparing the future reproducing does from their weaning.


Full Text:

PDF

References

CASTELLINI C., BATTAGLINI M., 1991. Influenza della concentrazione energetica della razione e del ritmo riproduttivo sulle performance delle coniglie. In: Proc. IX Congresso Nazionale A.S.P.A., 477-488.

F0RTUN L., PRUNIER A., LEBAS F., 1993. Effects of lactation on foetal survival and development in rabbit does mated shortly after parturition. J. Anim. Sci., 71, 1882-1886. https://doi.org/10.2527/1993.7171882x

FRAGA M. J., L0RENTE M., CARABAÑ0 R. M., DE BLAS J. C., 1989. Effect of diet and remating interval on milk production and milk compos1t1on of the doe rabbit. Animal Production, 48, 459-466. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003356100040460

MAERTENS L., DE GROOTE G., 1988. The influence of dietary energy content on the performance of post-partum breeding does. In: Proc. 4th World Rabbit Congress, Budapest Oct. 1988, vol. 3, 42-52.

PARIGI-BINI R. 1988. Recent developments and future goals in research on nutrition of intensively reared rabbits. In: Proc. 4th World Rabbit Congress, Budapest Oct. 1988, vol. 3, 1-29.

PARIGI-BINI R., XICCAT0 G., CINETT0 M., 1990. Energy and protein retention and partition in rabbit does during the first pregnancy. Cuni­Scíences, 6, 19-29.

PARIGI-BINI R., XICCAT0 G., CINETT0 M., 1991a. Utilizzazione e ripartizione dell'energia e della proteína digeribile in coniglie non gravide durante la prima lattazione. Zootecnica e Nutrizione Animale, 17, 107-120.

PARIGI-BINI R., XICCAT0 G., CINETT0 M., 1991b. Utilization and partition of digestible energy in pnm1parous rabbit does in different physiological states. In: Proc. 12th Symposium Energy Metabolism of Farm Animals, Zurich Sept. 1991, 284-287.

PARIGI-BINI R., XICCATO G., CINETTO M., DALLE ZOTTE A., 1992. Energy and protein utilization and partition in rabbit does concurrently pregnant and lactating. Animal Production, 55, 153-162. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003356100037387

PARIGI-BINI R., XICCATO G., DALLE ZOTTE A., CARAZZOLO A., 1993. Données non publiées.

PARTRIDGE, G.G., 1986. Meeting the protein and energy requirements of the commercial rabbit for growth and reproduction. In: Proc. 4th World Congress of Animal Feeding, Madrid Jun. 1986, vol. IX, 271-277.

PARTRIDGE, G.G., FULLER, M.F., PULLAR, J.D., 1983. Energy and nitrogen metabolism of lactating rabbits. British Journal of Nutrition; 49, 507-516. https://doi.org/10.1079/BJN19830059

PARTRIDGE, G.G., LOBLEY, G.E., FORDYCE, R.A., 1986. Energy and nitrogen metabolism of rabbits during pregnancy, lactation and concurrent pregnancy and lactation. British Journal of Nutrition, 56, 199-207. https://doi.org/10.1079/BJN19860100

XICCATO G., PARIGI-BINI R., CINETTO M., DALLE ZOTTE A., 1992. The influence of feeding and protein levels on energy and protein utilization by rabbit does. In: Proc. 5th World Rabbit Congress, Corvallis Jul. 1992, vol. B, 965-972.

Abstract Views

931
Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


 

Cited-By (articles included in Crossref)

This journal is a Crossref Cited-by Linking member. This list shows the references that citing the article automatically, if there are. For more information about the system please visit Crossref site

1. Effect of pre-weaning solid feed and milk intake on caecal content characteristics and performance of rabbits around weaning
Antonino Nizza, Giampiero Stanco, Carmelo Di Meo, Maria Laura Marongiu, Sylvie Taranto, Monica Isabella Cutrignelli, Luca Juliano
Italian Journal of Animal Science  vol: 1  issue: 2  first page: 95  year: 2002  
doi: 10.4081/ijas.2002.95



 

 Universitat Politècnica de València

 

Official journal of the World Rabbit Science Association (WRSA)

 

e-ISSN: 1989-8886     ISSN: 1257-5011   https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs