Growth performance and carcass characteristics of rabbits fed concentrate diets containing graded levels of Brassica oleracea outer leaves and Musa paradisiaca leaves

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs.2024.19616

Keywords:

carcass, forages, rabbits, intake, internal organs

Abstract

Ninety-six (96) 8-wk-old “mixed breed” of New Zealand white, California white and chinchilla rabbits were used to determine the growth performance, carcass and organ percentages of rabbits fed concentrate diets containing graded levels of Brassica oleracea outer leaves and Musa paradisiaca leaves. The rabbits were assigned to two groups of 48. Those in group 1 were allotted to four dietary treatments with concentrate diets containing 0, 10, 20 and 30% inclusion levels of B. oleracea outer leaves for one week and 12-wk adaptation and testing periods, respectively, for growth performance evaluation. Similar treatment and design were adopted for group 2 rabbits using graded levels of M. paradisiaca leaves. Six rabbits were randomly selected from each treatment group for slaughter at the end of the testing period for carcass and internal organ characteristics evaluation. There were no dietary effects on the parameters of rabbits fed graded levels of B. oleracea outer leaves except for M. paradisiaca, where the control diet had the lowest feed intake and the least (P<0.05) feed conversion ratio comparable to 30% inclusion level and final body weight, which was the highest (P<0.05) for rabbits fed diets containing 10 and 20% inclusion levels of M. paradisiaca leaves. The cost of feed was highest for the control diets, and reduced with increasing inclusion levels of the leaves in the diets. None of the rabbits died during the experimental period. The findings suggest that rabbits can be fed concentrate diets containing B. oleracea outer leaves and M. paradisiaca leaves up to 30% inclusion level for good growth performance and high carcass characteristics at a lower production cost than concentrate diets, while maintaining good health.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Doris Yaa Osei, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research

Council for Scientific and Industrial Research - Animal Research Institute

Samuel Obeng Apori, University of Cape Coast

Animal Science Department, School of Agriculture

Julius Kofi Hagan, University of Cape Coast

Animal Science Department, School of Agriculture

David Amedorme, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research

Animal Science Department, School of Agriculture

Raphael Ayizanga, University of Ghana

Department of Animal Science

References

Adeyemi O.A., Akanji A.O. 2012. Restricted concentrate with ad libitum forage feeding: effects on performance and carcass yield of growing rabbits. Revista Científica UDO Agrícola, 12: 668-674. Available at http://www.bioline.org.br/pdf?cg12077. Accessed August 2023

Ani A.O., Ugwuowo, L.C. 2011. Response of weaner rabbits to diets containing graded levels of processed velvet beans (Mucuna pruriens). Afr. J. Biotechnol., 10: 14984-14989. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJB10.734

Arijeniwa A., Otaikhian S.O., Imaseum J.A. 2000. Performance of weaner rabbits fed Poultry grower mash supplemented with different grass legume rations. In: U.O. Oji and O.O. Mgbere (Eds.). Proc. 5th Annual Conference of Animal Science Association of Nigeria, Port Harcourt, Nigeria, 19-22 September 2000. 103-105.

Blasco A., Ouhayoun J. 1996. Harmonization of criteria and terminology in rabbit meat research. Revised proposal. World Rabbit Sci., 4: 93-99. https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs.1996.278

Brown, W. H., Pearce, L., Van Allen, C. M. (1926). Organ weights of normal rabbits: second paper. J. Exp. Med., 43: 733. https://doi.org/10.1084/jem.43.6.733

Dairo F.A.S. 2008. Performance and haematological evaluation of weaner rabbits fed loofah gourd seed meal (Luffa cylindrica). Afr. J. Food Agric. Nutr. Dev., 8: 451-463. https://doi.org/10.4314/ajfand.v8i4.19205

Eikelenboom G., Walstra P., Huiskes J.H., Klont R.E. 2004. Species of meat animals | Pigs. In: W. K. Jensen, Encyclopedia of Meat Sciences, Elsevier, 1228-1291. https://doi.org/10.1016/B0-12-464970-X/00109-4

Enyenihi G.E., Inyang U.A., Ime J.E. 2019. Growth performance of weaner rabbits fed graded levels of plantain leaf. Niger. J. Anim. Prod., 46: 228-232. https://doi.org/10.51791/njap.v46i3.984

Ffoulkes D., Espejo S., Marie D., Delpeche M., Preston T. R. 1977. The banana plant as cattle feed: composition and biomass production. Trop. Anim. Prod., 3: 45-50.

Gayrard C., Bretaudeau A., Gombault P., Hoste H., Gidenne T. 2022. Feed incorporation of dehydrated sainfoin: Effects on health and performances of does and growing rabbits. World Rabbit Sci., 30: 107-118. https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs.2022.16874

Gayrard C., Bretaudeau A., Gombault P., Hoste H., Gidenne T. 2023. Use of dehydrated sainfoin in rabbit feeding. Effects of a moderate dietary incorporation on performance and health of does and growing rabbits under an optimal farming environment. World Rabbit Sci., 31: 1-9. https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs.2022.16874

Ghana Statistical Service. 2014. District analytical report. Adentan Municipality. https://www2.statsghana.gov.gh/docfiles/2010_District_Report/Greater%20Accra/Adentan.pdf. Accessed August 2023.

Gidenne T., Maertens L. 2016. Feed efficiency in rabbit production: Nutritional, technico-economic and environmental aspects. In Proc.: 11th World Rabbit Congress, 2016, June 15-18, 2016, Qingdao, China. https://hal.science/hal-02046863v1/file/11th_WRC-proceedings-review.feed.efficiency.LM%20TG.pdf

Lebas F., Coudert P., Rouvier R. de Rochambeau H. 1986. The rabbit husbandry, health and production. Animal Production and Health Series, No. 21. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome. Available at http://www.fao.org/docrep/x5082e/X5082E00.HTM. Accessed April 2023.

Lim C.W., Parker H.M., Vesonder R.F., Haschek, W.M. 1996. Intravenous fumonisin B1 induces cell proliferation and apoptosis in the rat. Natural Toxins, 4: 34-41. https://doi.org/10.1002/19960401NT5

Luyen L.T., Preston T.R. 2012. Growth performance of New Zealand White rabbits fed sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) vines supplemented with paddy rice or Guinea grass supplemented with commercial concentrate. Livest. Res. Rural Dev., 24: 1-6. Available at http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd24/7/luye24127.htm. Accessed April, 2023

Mahgoub O., Kadim I.T., Eltahir Y., Al-Lawatia S., Al-Ismaili A.M. 2018. Nutritional value of vegetable wastes as livestock feed. Sultan Qaboos Univ. J. Sci., 23: 78-84. https://10.24200/SQUJS.VOL23ISS2PP78-84

Makinde O.J. 2016. Growth performance, carcass yield and blood profiles of growing rabbits fed concentrate diet supplemented with white lead tree (Leucaena leucocephala) or siratro (Macroptilium atropurpureum) leaves in North Central Nigeria Trakia. J. Sci. 4: 80-86. https://doi.org/10.15547/tjs.2016.01.011

Makinde O.J., Ibe E.A. Ajibade A.J. 2015. Response of growing rabbits to concentrate diet supplemented with Leucaena (Leucaena leucocephala) or Siratro (Macroptilium atropurpureum) leaves. J. Biol. Agric. Healthcare, 5: 17-21. Available at https://www.iiste.org/Journals/index.php/JBAH/article/view/23263/24014. Accessed August 2022

Okareh O.T., Adeolu A.T., Adepoju O.T. 2015. Proximate and mineral composition of plantain (Musa paradisiaca) wastes flour; a potential nutrients source in the formulation of animal feeds. Afri. J. Food Sci. Tech. 6: 53-57. https:doi.org/10.14303/ajfst.2015.015

Ogunsipe M.H., Akinbani A.S., Ibidapo I. 2011. Performance evaluation and economics of production of rabbits fed graded levels of Gliricidia leaf protein concentrate as replacement for groundnut cake protein. Int. J. Agric. Sci. Res., 1: 67-72. Available at https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Performance-evaluationandeconomicsofproductionOgunsipeAkinbani/3dfc1c6a8070e0547409775792822bcfa3fed5bc. Accessed August 2022.

Ojebiyi O.O., Shittu M.D., Oladunjoye I.O., Omotola O.B., Olaniyi S.A. 2013. Haematology carcass and Relative organ weights of growing rabbits on skip-a-day concentrate feeding regime. Int. J. Appl. Agric. Res., 9: 167-174. Available at https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ijaaar/article/view/96944. Accessed August 2023.

Oloruntola O.D., Daramola O.T., Omoniyi S.O. 2015. Effect of forages on performance, carcass cuts and haematological profile of weaner rabbits. Arch. Zootec., 64: 87-92. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/319836969_Effect_of_forages_on_performance_carcass_cuts_and_haematological_profile_of_weaner_rabbits. Accessed 10 August, 2022.

Osei D.Y., Apori S.O., Hagan J.K., Asiedu P. 2019. Feeds and forages fed to rabbits in the Coastal Savannah Ecological Zone of Ghana. Ghana. J. Ani. Sci., 10: 75-85.

Osman A., Antiri A.E., Owiredu E., Amoah K.O., Karikari P.K. 2020. Effects of feeding graded levels of Ackee leaf meal on nutrients digestibility, growth performance and carcass characteristics of weaner rabbits. Anim. Res. Int. 17: 3713-3722. https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ari/article/view/199335. Accessed August 2023.

Sarwatt S.V., Laswai G.H., Ubwe R. 2003. Evaluation of potential of Trichanthera gigantean as a source of nutrients for rabbit diets under small-production system in Tanzania. Livest. Res. Rural. Dev. 15. http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd15/11/sarw1511.htm. Accessed September 2022.

Sese B.T., Berepubo N.A. 1996. Growth response and organ weights of young rabbits fed graded levels of dietary raw soybean in the hot humid tropics. World Rabbit. Sci. 4: 15-18. https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs.1996.264

Timbilla J.A., Nyarko K.O. 2004, A survey of cabbage production and constraints in Ghana. Ghana J. Agric. Sci., 37: 93-101. https://doi.org/10.4314/gjas.v37i1.2084

Tsado D.N., Larai I., Adama T.Z., Jiya E.Z. 2018. Carcass characteristics and sensory evaluation of meat from growing rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) fed diets containing varying levels of fermented lebbeck (Albizia lebbeck) Seed Meal. Niger. J. Animal Sci., 20: 271-279.

VSN International, 2010 GenStat for Windows (12th Ed.) VSN International, Hemel Hempstead, UK: co.uk.

Downloads

Published

2024-03-28

Issue

Section

Papers