Utilisation of dried palmoil mill effluent by young growing rabbits.


  • O.A. Abu University of Maiduguri
  • T.E. Ekpenyong University of Ibadan




Thirty-six 5-6 weeks old, local mixed crossbred rabbits (526.7 ± 0.2 g) were allocated to four treatments according to their initial weight. They were caged individually and received ad libitum during 7 weeks, one of the 4 diets in which maize offal was replaced by O, 2, 5 or 1 O % dried palm oil mill effluent (Pome), respectively diets 1 to 4. The diets were fed as mash. The mean voluntary feed intake were not significantly different as the level of palm oil mill effluent in the diet increased. Rabbits fed no palm oil mill effluent (control) showed daily weight gains that were significantly lower (P < 0.05) than those fed supplementary Pome. The average final body weight recordad were 963, 1128, 1126 and 1308 g for treatments 1 to 4 respectively. As proportions of the live weight, there were no significant differences for warm carcass, head, liver, kidneys, heart, spleen, adrenals, brain and skin. However rabbits fed diets 1 and 4 recordad heavier testes. Mortality recordad were 1 /9, 2/9, 0/9 and 1 /9 rabbits for treatments 1 to 4 respectively.

From the results obtained, up to 10 % maize offal can be replaced with palm oil mill effluent in the diets of young growing rabbits certainly without adversa effect on performance and a significant weight gain increase may be observed.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

O.A. Abu, University of Maiduguri

Department of Animal Science

T.E. Ekpenyong, University of Ibadan

Department of Animal Science


ABDELLA H.M., SHALASH S.M., BOULOS N.Z., SELIM A.D. 1988. Effect on growing rabbits of feeding different levels of crude protein. J. Appl. Rabbit Res., 11, 252-256

ADUKU A., DIM N.I., AYANGA A.A., 1988. Note on comparative evaluation of palm kermel meal, peanut meal and sunflower meal in diets for weaning rabbits. J. Appl. Rabbit Res., 11, 264- 265.

ASEKHAME O.C., 1985. Nitrogen utilisation by pullets fed different levels of palm oil slurry. Unpuhlished M. Se. Thesis submitted to the Department of Anim. Sci., University of Ibadan, Nigeria.

A.O.A.C., 1970. Official methods of analysis (11th ed.). Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington D.C., USA.

DAVENDRA C., MUTHURATAH R.N., 1977. The utilisation of oil palm by-product by sheep. in International Developments in palm oil (being the proceedings of the International Symposium on palm oil processing and marketing held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 1976) Eds D.A. Earp and W Newal, 103-123. Kuala Lumpur Incorporated Society of Planters, 545 pp.

DUNCAN D.B., 1958. Multiple Range and Multiple F tests. Biometrics, 1, 1-42. https://doi.org/10.2307/3001478

HUTAGALUNG R.I., CHANG C.C., SYED JALCAHIDIN, WEBB B.H., 1975. The value of processed oil palm sludge as feed for chickens. Malay. Agric. Res., 4, 53-60

HUTAGALUNG R.I., CHANG C.C., T0H K.M., CHAN H.C., 1977. Potential of palm oil mill effluent for growing/finishing pigs. Planter (Kuala Lumpur), 53, 2-9.

OKPEFA E., 1985. Energy utilisation by laying pullets fed dietary oil slurry (unpublished). M. Se. Thesis, Department of Anim. Sei., University of Ibadan, Nigeria.

PETERS K.J., 1988. Potential of unconventional livestock production. World Rev. Anim. Prod., 24 (2), 71-84.

STEEL R.G.D., T0RRIE J.H., 1980. Principles and procedures of statistics : a biometrical approach. 2nd edition. Me Graw Hill Book Co., New York, USA.

VIETMEYER N.O., 1985. Potentials for micro livestock in developing countries. J. Appl. Rabbit Res., 8, 10.