Effect of lighting schedule, intensity, and colour on reproductive performance of rabbit does

Yingjie Wu, Ang Zhao, Yinghe Qin

Abstract

In order to establish a lighting regime suitable for rabbit farms in East China, the effects of lighting schedule, intensity and colour on the reproductive performance of rabbit does were evaluated by three experiments, respectively. In experiment 1, does were exposed to different lighting schedules: 16L:8D-continuous, 16L:8D-18d (6 d before artificial insemination (AI) to 12 d post-AI), 16L:8D-6d (6 d before AI to the day of AI) and 12L:12D-continuous. In experiment 2, does were exposed to different light intensities: 40 lx, 60 lx, 80 lx and 120 lx. In experiment 3, does were exposed to different light colours: white, yellow, blue and red. For all experiments, conception rate, kindling rate and pre-weaning mortality were calculated; litter size at birth, litter weight at birth, litter size at weaning, litter weight at weaning and individual kit weight at weaning were recorded. Results showed that none of the reproductive parameters of does were affected by the application of 16L:8D-18d lighting schedule compared with the continuous 16L:8D group(P>0.05). Moreover, rabbits does exposed to 80 lx light performed as well as those under 120 lx light in conception rate, kindling rate, litter size (total and alive) at birth and litter weight at birth (P>0.05). Furthermore, the exposures of 60 lx and 80 lx light were beneficial for litter weight at weaning. In addition, red light had a positive effect, as it led to a larger litter size and litter weight at weaning and lower pre-weaning mortality than white light (P<0.05). In summary, a 16L:8D photoperiod with 80 lx red light from 6 d before AI to 12 d post-AI is recommended for use in breeding of rabbit does according to our results.


Keywords

rabbit doe; photoperiod; light intensity; light colour; reproduction

Full Text:

PDF

References

Abdo M., Haddad S., Emam M. 2017. Development of the New Zealand White Rabbit eye: I. pre- and postnatal development of eye tunics. Anat Histol Embryol., 46: 423-430. https://doi.org/10.1111/ahe.12284

Gerencsér Zs., Matics Zs., Nagy I., Szendrő Zs. 2011. Effect of light color and reproductive rhythm on rabbit doe performance. World Rabbit Sci., 19: 161-170. https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs.2011.827

Gidenne T., Fortun-Lamothe L. 2002. Feeding strategy for young rabbits around weaning: a review of digestive capacity and nutritional needs. Anim. Sci., 75: 169-184. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1357729800052942

Hoy St. 2012. German regulations and guidelines on rabbit housing. In Proc.: 10th World Rabbit Congress, 3-6 September, 2012. Sharm-El Sheikh, Egypt. 1: 999-1003.

Li Y., Zhang J., Xu Y., Han Y., Jiang B., Huang L., Zhu H., Xu Y., Yang W., Qin C. 2016. The histopathological investigation of red and blue light emitting diode on treating skin wounds in Japanese big-ear white rabbit. PLoS One, 11: e0157898. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0157898.

Maertens L., Luzi F. 1995. Effect of diluents and storage time of rabbit semen on the fertility of does reared under two different lighting schedules. World Rabbit Sci., 3: 57-61. https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs.1995.237

Matics Zs., Gerencsér Zs., Radnai I., Kasza R., Szendrő Zs. 2016. Effect of light intensities on reproductive performance, nursing behaviour and preference of rabbit does. World Rabbit Sci., 24: 139-144. https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs.2016.4112

Mattaraia V.G.M., Bianospino E., Fernandes S., Vasconcelos J.L.M., Moura A.S.A.M.T. 2005. Reproductive responses of rabbit does to a supplemental lighting program. Livest. Prod. Sci., 94: 179-184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.livprodsci.2004.10.012

Mousa-Balabel T.M., Mohamed R.A. 2011. Effect of different photoperiods and melatonin treatment on rabbit reproductive performance. Vet Q., 31: 165-171. https://doi.org/10.1080/01652176.2011.642533

Nuboer J. F.W. 1985. A comparative view on color vision. Neth. J. Zool., 36: 344-380. https://doi.org/10.1163/002829686X00126

Reyne Y., Prud’hon M., Angerian J. 1978. Influence d’une réduction de la durée d’éclairement du lapin en engraissement. In Proc.: 2émes Journ. Rech. Cunicole, Comm. No 7.

Salehpour F., Mahmoudi J., Kamari F., Sadigh-Eteghad S., Rasta S.H., Hamblin M.R. 2018. Brain photobiomodulation therapy: a narrative review. Mol. Neurobiol., 55: 6601-6636. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12035-017-0852-4

Shi H.J., Song H.B., Zhao Q.Y., Tao C.X., Liu M., Zhu Q.Q. 2018. Efficacy and safety of combined high-dose interferon and red light therapy for the treatment of human papillomavirus and associated vaginitis and cervicitis: A prospective and randomized clinical study. Medicine (Baltimore), 97: e12398. https://doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000012398

Szendrő Zs., Gerencsér Zs., McNitt J.I., Matics Zs. 2016. Effect of lighting on rabbits and its role in rabbit production: A review. Livest. Sci., 183: 12-18. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2015.11.012

Theau-Clement M., Malpaux B., Lamothe E., Milcent N., Juin H., Bodin L. 2008. Influence of photoperiod on the sexual behaviour of non-lactating rabbit does: preliminary results. In Proc.: 9th World Rabbit Congress, 10-13 June, 2008. Verona, Italy. 1: 465-469.

Uzcategui M.E., Johnston N.P. 1992. The effect of 10, 12 and 14 hour continuous and intermittent photoperiods on the reproductive performance of female rabbits. In Proc.: 5th World Rabbit Congress, 25-30 July, 1992. Corvallis, USA. 1: 553-559.

Abstract Views

596
Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM




 

 Universitat Politècnica de València

 

Official journal of the World Rabbit Science Association (WRSA)

 

e-ISSN: 1989-8886     ISSN: 1257-5011   https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs