Rabbit meat in the east of Algeria: motivation and obstacles to consumption

Ibtissem Sanah, Samira Becila, Fairouz Djeghim, Abdelghani Boudjellal

Abstract

In Algeria, rabbit meat consumption is insufficiently anchored in culinary traditions compared to other types of meat that are widely consumed, namely sheep and chicken. The purpose of this research is to investigate the influence of sociogeographic variables, both intrinsic and extrinsic quality cues, on consumption frequency, purchasing decision, motivations and the main deterrents to rabbit meat consumption. A survey is conducted with 360 consumers across 15 wilayas (districts) in Eastern Algeria. The results help us draw a conclusion that rabbit meat is consumed in all surveyed wilayas with a low frequency of consumption for the majority of respondents (79%). On the one hand, the causes of consumption are mainly: good taste (59%) and nutritional value (27%). On the other hand, the limiting factors are different: scarcity of rabbit meat on the market (42%), price (22%), eating habits (17%), lack of information on nutritional value (13%), bad taste (3%) and its resemblance to cat meat (3%). Regarding purchasing criteria, tenderness (58%) and freshness (14%) were chosen by most consumers. Although most consumers recognise the nutritional benefits of rabbit meat, it is poorly ranked in the choice of its consumers, placing it fourth after sheep, beef and poultry. Cross tabulation results show that gender, employment status and geographical areas are three variables that significantly affect the consumer’s perception and behaviour towards rabbit meat. This study is the first to analyse the Algerian consumer profile and sheds light on factors encouraging and hindering rabbit meat consumption.


Keywords

meat rabbit; consumer profile; consumption frequency; purchasing; Algeria

Full Text:

PDF

References

Abu A., Onifade A.A., Abanikanda O.T.F., Obineye R.I. 2008. Status and Promotional Strategies for Rabbit Production in Nigeria. In: 9th World Rabbit Congress. 10-13 June, 2008, Verona, Italy. 1499-1503.

Acebrón L..B., Dopico D.C., 2000. The importance of intrinsic and extrinsic cues to expected and experienced quality: an empirical application for beef. Food Qual Prefer., 11: 229- 238. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0950-3293 (99)00059-2

Adanguidi J. 2020. Analysis of Consumer Demand and Preference for Rabbit Meat in Benin. Int. J. Mark. Stud., 12. https://doi.org/10.5539/ijms.v12n1p14

Alboghdady M.A., Alashry M.K. 2010. The demand for meat in Egypt: An almost ideal estimation. Afr. J. Agr. Res. Econ., 4(1):70-81.

Bastian B., Loughnan S., Haslam N., Radke H.R. 2012. Don’t mind meat? The denial of mind to animals used for human consumption. Pers. Soc. Psychol. B., 38: 247-256. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167211424291

Beal M.N., McLean-Meyinsse P.E., Atkinson C. 2004. An Analysis of Household Consumption of Rabbit Meat in the Southern United States. J. Food Distrib. Res., 35(1), 24-29.

Becker T., Benner E., Glitsch K. 2000. Consumer perception of fresh meat quality in Germany. Brit. Food J., 102: 246-266. https://doi.org/10.1108/00070700010324763

Belabbas R., García M.L., Ainbaziz H., Berbar A., Zitouni G., Lafri M., Bouzouan M., Merrouche R., Ismail D., Boumahdi Z., Benali N., Argente M. 2016. Ovulation rate and early embryonic survival rate in female rabbits of a synthetic line and a local Algerian population. World Rabbit Sci., 24: 275-282. https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs.2016.5301

Belabbas R., Luz García M.L., Ainbaziz H., Benali N., Berbar A., Boumahdi Z., Argente M.J. 2019. Growth performances, carcass traits, meat quality, and blood metabolic parameters in rabbits of local Algerian population and synthetic line, Vet. World, 12: 55-62. https://doi.org/10.14202/vetworld.2019.55-62

Berchiche M., Lebas F. 1994. Rabbit rearing in Algeria: family farms in the Tizi Ouzou area. In: Baselga M. (ed.), Marai I.F.M. (ed.). Rabbit production in hot climates. Zaragoza: CIHEAM, 1994. 409-413. (Cahiers Options Méditerranéennes; n. 8). 1. International Conference of rabbit production in hot climates, 1994/09/06-08, Cairo (Egypt). Available at: http://om.ciheam.org/om/pdf/c08/95605318.pdf. Accessed April 2020.

Bergaoui R., Kriaa S. 2001. Modern rabbit production in Tunisia. World Rabbit Sci., 9: 69-76. https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs.2001.448

Bodnar K., Horvath J. 2008. Consumers’ opinion about rabbit meat consumption in Hungary. 9th World Rabbit Congress, 10-13 June, 2008, Verona, Italy, 1519-1522.

Bodnar K. 2009. Rabbit production and consumption in Hungary. Lucrări Ştiinţifice, Seria Agronomie, 52, 69-72.

Bolet G., Zerrouki N., Gacem M., Brun J.M., Lebas F. 2012. Genetic parameters and trends for litter and growth traits in a synthetic line of rabbits created in Algeria. 10th World Rabbit Congress. 3-6 September, 2012, Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt, 195-199.

Brunner T.A., van der Horst K., Siegrist M. 2010. Convenience food products. Drivers for consumption. Appetite, 55: 498-506. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2010.08.017

Buitrago-Vera J., Escribá-Pérez C., Baviera-Puig A., Montero-Vicente L. 2016. Consumer segmentation based on food- related lifestyles and analysis of rabbit meat consumption. World Rabbit Sci., 24: 169-182. https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs.2016.4229

Cea M.A. 2010. Métodos de encuesta. Teoría y práctica, errores y mejora. Editorial Síntesis, S.A., Madrid, Spain. 496 pp.

Chalah T., Hajj E. 1996. Potentialities of rabbit meat production and consumption in Lebanon. World Rabbit Sci., 4: 69-74.

Chikhi K., Bencharif A. 2016. La consommation de produits carnés en Méditerranée: quelles perspectives pour l’Algérie? In: Napoléone M., Ben Salem H., Boutonnet J.P., López-Francos A., Gabiña D.(eds.), The value chains of Mediterranean sheep and goat products. Organisation of the industry, marketing strategies, feeding and production systems, Zaragoza: CIHEAM, 435-440.

Chikhi K. Padilla M. 2014. L’alimentation en Algérie: quelles formes de modernité?. New Medit, 13, n. 3, Bari, Italy.

Cullere M., Dalle Zotte A. 2018. Rabbit meat production and consumption: State of knowledge and future perspectives. Meat Sci., 143: 137-146. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2018.04.029

Dalle Zotte A. 2002. Perception of rabbit meat quality and major factors influencing the rabbit carcass and meat quality. Livest. Prod. Sci., 75: 11-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0301-6226(01)00308-6

Dalle Zotte A. 2014. Rabbit farming for meat purposes. Animal Frontiers; 4: 62-67. https://doi.org/10.2527/af.2014-0035

Dario F.A.S., Abi H.M., Oluwatusin F.M. 2012. Social acceptability of rabbit meat and strategies for improving its consumption in Ekiti State, southwestern Nigeria, Livest. Res. Rural Dev., 24 Article#94. Available at http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd24/6/dair24094.htm Accessed April 2020.

De-Magistris T., Lopéz-Galán B. 2016. Consumers’ willingness to pay for nutritional claims fighting the obesity epidemic: the case of reduced-fat and low salt cheese in Spain. Public Health, 135: 83-90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2016.02.004.

Delport M., Louw M., Davids, T., Vermeulen H., Meyer F. 2017. Evaluating the demand for meat in South Africa: an econometric estimation of short-term demand elasticities. Agrekon, 56: 13-27. https://doi.org/10.1080/03031853.2017.1286249

Djago Y., Kpodékon M. 2000. Le guide pratique de l’éleveur de lapins en Afrique de l’Ouest. Impression 2000 éd., Cotonou, Bénin, 1ère édition; 106 pp.

Escribá-Pérez C., Baviera-Puig A., Buitrago-Vera J., Montero-Vicente L. 2017. Consumer profile analysis for different types of meat in Spain. Meat Sci., 129: 120-126. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2017.02.015

FAO. 2014. Evolution de la production de viandes (tonnes) dans quelques pays méditerranéens (2011-2013). Available at https://faostat.fao.org Accessed April 2020.

FAO. 2018. Données statistiques de la FAO, domaine de la production agricole: Division de la statistique. Available at http://faostat3.fao.org/download/Q/QL/E Accessed April 2020.

Fayemi P.O., Muchenje V. 2012. Meat in African context: From history to science. Afr. J. Biotechnol., 11, 1298-1306. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJB11.2728

Fiala N. 2008. Meeting the demand: An estimation of potential future greenhouse gas emissions from meat production. Ecol. Econ., 67: 412-419. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.12.021

Font-i-Furnols M., Guerrero L. 2014. Consumer preference, behavior and perception about meat and meat products: An overview. Meat Sci., 98: 361-371. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2014.06.025

Gacem M., Lebas F. 2000. Rabbit husbandry in Algeria. Technical structure and evaluation of performances. 7th World Rabbit Congress, 4-7 July, 2000, Valencia, Spain. B: 75-80.

Glitsch K. 2000. Consumer perceptions of fresh meat quality: cross-national comparison. Brit. Food J., 102: 177-194. https://doi.org/10.1108/00070700010332278

González-Redondo P., Contreras-Chacón G.M. 2012. Perceptions among university students in Seville (Spain) of the rabbit as livestock and as companion animal. World Rabbit Sci., 20: 155-162. https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs.2012.1147

González-Redondo P., Mena, Y., Fernández-Cabanás V.M. 2010. Factors affecting rabbit meat consumption among Spanish university students. Ecol. Food Nutr. 49: 298-315. https://doi.org/10.1080/03670244.2010.491053

Groot E., Albisu L.M. 2015. A bottom-up model to describe consumers’ preferences towards late season peaches. Span. J. Agric. Res. 13: e0110. https://doi.org/10.5424/sjar/2015134-7605

Grunert K.G. 2006. Future trends and consumer lifestyles with regard to meat comsumption. Meat Sci., 74: 149-160. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2006.04.016

Grunert K.G., Bredahl L., Brunsø K. 2004. Consumer perception of meat quality and implications for product development in the meat sector –a review. Meat Sci., 66: 259-272. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0309-1740(03)00130-X

Guarro O.R. 1991. Secteur cunicole espagnol. Options Méditerranéennes. Série A: Séminaire Méditerranéens (CIHEAM); no. 17.

Hernández P., Dalle Zotte A. 2010. Influence of diet on rabbit meat quality. In: The nutrition of the rabbit. de Blas and Wiseman, editors, CABI Publishing, Oxon, UK. 163-178. https://doi.org/10.1079/9781845936693.0163

Hoek A.C., Luning P.A., Weijzen P., Engels W., Kok F.J., de Graaf C. 2011. Replacement of meat by meat substitutes. A survey on person- and product-related factors in consumer acceptance. Appetite, 56: 662-673. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2011.02.001

Islam M.J., Sayeed M.A., Akhtar S., Hossain M.S., Liza A.A. 2018. Consumers profile analysis towards chicken, beef, mutton, fish and egg consumption in Bangladesh, Brit. Food J., 120: 2818-2831. https://doi.org/10.1108/BFJ-03-2018-0191

Kadi S.A., Djellal F., Berchiche M. 2008. Commercialization of rabbit’s meat in Tizi-Ouzou area, Algeria. In Proc.: 9th World Rabbit Congress. 10-13 June, 2008, Verona, Italy.

Kadi S.A., Djellal F., Berchiche M. 2013. The potential of rabbit meat marketing in Tizi-Ouzou area, Algeria. Online Journal of Animal and Feed Research. 3. 96-100.

Kadi S.A., Ouendi M., Bannelier C., Berchiche M., Gidenne T. 2018. Nutritive value of sun-dried common reed (Phragmites australis) leaves and its effect on performance and carcass characteristics of the growing rabbit. World Rabbit Sci., 26: 113-121. https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs.2018.5217

Kallas Z., Gil J.M. 2012. A dual response choice experiments (DRCE) design to assess rabbit meat preference in Catalonia: A heteroscedastic extreme-value model. Brit. Food J., 114: 1394-1413. https://doi.org/10.1108/00070701211262984

Kourouniotis S., Keast R., Riddell L., Lacy K., Thorpe M., Cicerale S. 2016. The importance of taste on dietary choice, behaviour and intake in a group of young adults. Appetite, 103: 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2016.03.015

Laestadius L.I., Neff R.A., Barry C.L., Frattaroli S. 2013. Meat consumption and climate change: the role of nongovernmental organizations. Climate Change, 120: 25-38. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-013-0807-3

Lounaouci-Ouyed G., Lakabi-Ioualitene D., Berchiche M., Lebas F. 2008. Field beans and brewer’s grains as protein source for growing rabbits in Algeria: first results on growth and carcass quality. In Proc.: 9th World Rabbit Congress. 10-13 June, 2008, Verona, Italy.

MADR. 2017. Recherche agronomique. Ministère de l’agriculture et de développement rural. Available at http://madrp.gov.dz/. Accessed April 2020.

MADR. 2018. Recherche agronomique. Ministère de l’agriculture et de développement rural. Available at http://madrp.gov.dz/. Accessed April 2020.

Mailu S.K., Muhammad L., Wanyoike M.M., Mwanza R.N. 2012. Rabbit meat consumption in Kenya. MPRA Paper No. 41517.

Mailu S.K., Wanyoike M.M., Muhammad L., Mwanza R.N. 2017. The frequency and some correlates of rabbit meat consumption in Kenya. Tanzania J. Agr. Sci., 16: 62-71.

Mancini S., Preziuso G., Dal Bosco A., Roscini V., Paci G. 2017. Modifications of fatty acids profile, lipid peroxidation and antioxidant capacity in raw and cooked rabbit burgers added with ginger. Meat Sci., 133: 151-158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2017.07.003

McEachern M., Schroder M.J.A. 2004. Integrating the voice of the consumer within the value chain: a focus on value-based labelling communications in the fresh meat sector, J. Consum. Mark., 21: 497-509. https://doi.org/10.1108/07363760410568716

McLean-Meyinsse P.E. 2000. Assessing the Market Outlook for Rabbit Meat in Louisiana and Texas. J. Food Distr. Res., 31: 139-144. https://doi.org/10.22004/ag.econ.27429

Montero-Vicente L., Escribá-Pérez C., Baviera-Puig A., Buitrago-Vera J. 2018. Analysis of the commercial value of rabbit meat based on positioning of the different types of fresh meat. Spain. J. Agric. Res., 16: e0110. https://doi.org/10.5424/sjar/2018163-13407

Nedjraoui D. 2012. Profil fourrager - Algérie. Document FAO. Neumann C.G., Bwibo N.O., Murphy S.P., Sigman M., Whaley S., Allen L.H., Demment M.W. 2003. Animal source foods improve dietary quality, micronutrient status, growth and cognitive function in Kenya school children: Background, study design and baseline findings. J. Nutr., 133: 3941S-3949S. https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/133.11.3941S

Onifade A.A., Okhiomah A., Obiyan R.I. Abanikannda O. 2010. Rabbit production in Nigeria: some aspects of current status and promotional strategies. World Rabbit Sci., 7: 51-58. https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs.1999.380

ONS. 2012. Premier recensement économique 2011. Collections Statistiques, N°172/2012, N° 69, Alger.

ONS. 2014a. Evolution des Echanges de Marchandises de 2001 à 2012. Collections Statistiques, N° 182/2014. Série E: Statistiques Economiques, N° 75, Alger, 51-52.

ONS. 2014b. Evolution des Echanges de Marchandises de 2003 à 2013. Collections Statistiques, N° 188/2014. Série E: Statistiques Economiques, N° 75, Alger, 45-87.

Pérez López S., Montes Peón J.M., Vázquez Ordás J.C. 2005. Organizational learning as a determining factor in business performance. The Learning Organization, 12: 227-245. https://doi.org/10.1108/09696470510592494

Petrescu D., Petrescu-Mag R. 2018. Consumer behaviour related to rabbit meat as functional food. World Rabbit Sci., 26: 321-333. https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs.2018.10435

Renner B., Sproesser G., Strohbach S., Schupp H.T. 2012. Why we eat what we eat. The Eating Motivation Survey (TEMS). Appetite, 59: 117-128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2012.04.004

Rhormens M.S., Pedrini A.D.G., Ghilardi-Lopes N.P. 2017. Implementation feasibility of a marine ecotourism product on the reef environments of the marine protected areas of Tinharé and Boipeba Islands (Cairu, Bahia, Brazil). Ocean Coast. Manage., 139: 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2017.01.022

Rousset S., Deiss V., Juillard E., Schlich P., Droit-Volet S. 2005. Emotions generated by meat and other food products in women. Brit. J. Nutr., 94: 609-619. https://doi.org/10.1079/BJN20051538

Sadoud M. 2011. Place de l’activité bouchère dans la filière viande rouge algérienne. Archivos Zootecnia, 60, 309-312.

Sadoud M. 2019. Perception de la viande ovine par le consommateur de la région de Tiaret en Algérie - Viandes & Produits Carnés, VPC-2019-35-2-2. Available at https://www.viandesetproduitscarnes.com. Accessed April 2020.

Schmid A., Gille D., Piccinali P., Bütikofer U., Chollet M., Altintzoglou T., Honkanen P., Walther B., Stoffers H. 2017. Factors predicting meat and meat products consumption among middle-aged and elderly people: evidence from a consumer survey in Switzerland, Food Nutr. Res., 61: 1308111. https://doi.org/10.1080/16546628.2017.1308111

Soare E., Chiurciu I.A. 2017. Study on the pork market worldwide. Scientific Papers Series Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development, 17, Issue 4.

Szendrő K. 2016. Consumer perceptions, concerns, and purchasing practices of rabbit meat in Hungary. J. Food Prod. Mark., 22: 683-693. https://doi.org/10.1080/10454446.2015.1121437

Szendrő K., Szabó-Szentgróti E., Szigeti O. 2020. Consumers’ Attitude to Consumption of Rabbit Meat in Eight Countries Depending on the Production Method and Its Purchase Form. Foods (Basel, Switzerland), 9: 654. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9050654

Tebani M. 2019. L’économie agricole et rurale dans la zone de l’Ouarsenis (wilaya de Tissemsilt, Algérie), 2008-2014. University Mustapha Stambouli of Mascara, Faculty of Nature and Life Sciences, Algeria.

Troy D.J., Kerry J.P. 2010. Consumer perception and the role of science in the meat industry. Meat Sci. 86: 214-226. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2010.05.009

Udomkun P., Ilukor J., Mockshell J., Mujawamariya G., Okafor C., Bullock R., Nabahungu N.L., Vanlauwe B. 2018. What are the key factors influencing consumers’ preference and willingness to pay for meat products in Eastern DRC?. Food Sci. Nutr., 6: 2321-2336. https://doi.org/10.1002/fsn3.813

Youssef Y.K., Iraqi M.M., El-Raffa A.M., Afifi E.A., Khalil M.H., García M.L., Baselga, M. 2008. A Joint Project to Synthesize New Lines of Rabbits in Egypt and Saudi Arabia: Emphasis for Results and Prospects. In: Proceeding of 9th World Rabbit Congress, 10-13 June, 2008, Verona, Italy. p1637-1642.

Zerrouki N., Bolet G., Berchiche M., Lebas F. 2004. Breeding performances of local Kabylian rabbits does in Algeria. In Proc.: 8th World Rabbit Congress, 7-10 September 2004 Puebla Mexico. 371-377.

Zerrouki N., Kadi S. A., Berchiche M., Bolet G. 2005. Evaluation de la productivité des lapines d’une population locale algérienne, en station expérimentale et dans des élevages. In Proc. 11èmes Journées de la Recherche Cunicole, 2005 Novembre, Paris, France, 11, 14.

Zerrouki N., Lebas F., Gacem M., Meftah I., Bolet G. 2014. Reproduction performances of a synthetic rabbit line and rabbits of local populations in Algeria, in 2 breeding locations. World Rabbit Sci., 22: 269-278. https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs.2014.2129

Abstract Views

513
Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM




 

 Universitat Politècnica de València

 

Official journal of the World Rabbit Science Association (WRSA)

 

e-ISSN: 1989-8886     ISSN: 1257-5011   https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs