Association of growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) and progesterone receptor (PGR) genes with some productive traits in Gabali rabbits




gene polymorphism, growth, litter size, milk yield, PCR, RFLP, rabbits


The objectives of the present study were 1) to evaluate the polymorphism of growth hormone(GH), insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) and progesterone receptor (PGR) genes in Sinai Gabali rabbits, and 2) to assess their associations with growth, litter size and milk production traits in Sinai Gabali rabbits. The C>T, A>Del and A>G single nucleotide polymorphisms of GH, IGF2 and PGR genes were genotyped by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism using BstUI, HpyF31 and BsaI restriction enzymes, respectively. The C/T genotype of GH gene recorded the heaviest body weights for body weight (BW) at 8 wk (1190.22±19.29 g) and 12 wk of age (1842.46±30.19 g) and recorded the largest litter size at birth (LSB: 7.37±0.12 kits) traits. The Del/Del genotype of IGF2 gene showed the superiority over the other genotypes for BW at 4 wk (507.17±8.87 g), 8 wk (1239.39±14.0 g), and 12 wk of age (1950.15±18.1 g), as well as for daily weight gain from 4 to 8 wk (26.05±0.37 g/d), and from 8 to 12 wk of age (25.48±0.56 g/d) traits. The G/G genotype of the PGR gene showed superiority for LSB (7.51±0.13 kits) and litter size at weaning (6.53±0.14 kits) traits over the other genotypes. Regarding milk yield traits; the C/C, A/A and A/A genotypes of GH, IGF2 and PGR genes yielded more milk compared to the other genotypes. The means of total milk yield in 28 d for these genotypes were 2936±29 g, 2921±43 g and 2930±35 g, respectively. Thus, GH, IGF2 and PGR genes might be useful for marker-assisted selection programmes for improvement of rabbit growth, litter size and milk yield traits.


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Author Biographies

S.I. Ramadan, Benha University

Department of Animal Wealth Development, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine

E.A. Manaa, Benha University

Department of Animal Wealth Development, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine

M.E. El-Attrony, Benha University

Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture

A.G. EL Nagar, Benha University

Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture


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