Reproductive performance of male rabbits of algerian local population

D.J. Cherfaoui, M. Theau-Clement, N. Zerrouki, M. Berchiche

Abstract

A total of 267 rabbit does and 46 bucks from a local Algerian population were controlled during 6 generations (from G0 to G5) at the experimental farm of the University of Tizi-Ouzou. Natural mating was used and 1412 presentations were analysed. Reproductive and growing performance were analysedtaking into account the effect of the buck, its age, the generation, the season of mating (or kindling) and the physiological status of does at the moment of the mating. The buck influenced the acceptance rate(

P<0.001), kindling rate (P=0.032), litter size at birth and at weaning (P<0.001), litter weight at birth (P<0.001)and at weaning (P=0.034), the mean weaning weight (P=0.018) and consequently the ponderal productivity at weaning (weight of rabbits produced at weaning/mating, P<0.001). Nevertheless, the ponderal productivity was also influenced by the age of bucks, the generation, the season and the physiological status of does at the moment of mating. The highest acceptation rate was recorded in autumn in non lactating does (primiparous and multiparous). Productivity was higher for bucks 5-10 mo old but decreased thereafter.Productivity was higher in spring, particularly for multiparous and lactating does and highly varied with the generation, evidencing the importance of environmental conditions.

Keywords

rabbit; Algerian local population; buck; reproduction

Full Text:

PDF

References

Ayyat M.S., Marai I.F.M. 1998. Evaluation of application of the intensive rabbit production system under the subtropical conditions of Egypt. World Rabbit Sci., 6: 213-217. doi:10.4995/wrs.1998.346

Belhadi S., Boukir M., Amriou L. 2002. Non genetic factors affecting rabbit reproduction in Algeria. World Rabbit Sci., 10: 103-109. doi:10.4995/wrs.2002.482

Berchiche M., Zerrouki N., Lebas F. 2000. Reproductive performances of local Algerian does raised in rational conditions. In Proc: 7th World Rabbit Congress, July 4-7, 2000. Valencia, Spain, 43-49.

Berepudo N.A., Nodu M.B., Monsi A., Amadi E.N. 1993. Reproductive response of prepubertal female rabbit to photoperiod and/or male presence. World Rabbit Sci., 1: 83-87. doi:10.4995/wrs.1993.199

Bergaoui R., Kriaa S. 2001. Performances des élevages cunicoles modernes en Tunisie. World Rabbit Sci., 9: 69-76. doi:10.4995/wrs.2001.448

Daoud-Zerrouki N. 2006. Caractérisation du lapin de population locale: Evaluation des performances de reproduction des lapines en élevage rationnel. PhD Thesis Université Mouloud Mammeri, Tizi-Ouzou, Algérie. pp. 131.

de Rochambeau H. 1989. La génétique du lapin, producteur de viande. INRA Prod. Anim., 2: 287-295.

Deprés E., Theau-Clément M., Lorvelec O. 1994. Productivité des lapines élevées en Guadeloupe: influence du type génétique, del’allongement de la durée d’éclairement, de la saison et du stade physiologique. In Proc.: 6èmes Journées de la Recherche Cunicole, December 6-7, 1994. La Rochelle, France, 1: 153-162.

Gacem M., Zerrouki N., Lebas F., Bolet G. 2009. Comparaison des performances de production d’une souche synthétique de lapins avec deux populations locales disponibles en Algérie. In Proc.: 13èmesJournées de la Recherche Cunicole, November 17-18, 2009. Le Mans, France, 149-152.

Hulot F., Matheron G. 1979. Analyse des variations génétiques entre trois races de lapins, de la taille de portée et de ses composantes biologiques en saillie post-partum. Ann. Génét. Sel. Anim., 11: 53-77. doi:10.1186/1297-9686-11-1-53

Lakabi D., Zerrouki N., Lebas F., Berchiche M. 2004. Growth performances and slaughter traits of a local kabylian population of rabbits reared in Algeria: effects of sex and rearing season. In Proc.: 8th World Rabbit Congress, September 7-10, 2004. Puebla, Mexico, 1396-1402.

Lefèvre B., Moret B. 1978. Influence d’une modification brutale de l’environnement sur l’apparition de l’oestrus chez la lapine nullipare. Ann. Biol. Anim. Bioch. Biophys., 18: 695-698. doi:10.1051/rnd:19780406

Matheron G., Rouvier R. 1978. Etude de la variation génétique dans le croisement simple de 6 races de lapins pour les caractères de prolificité, taille et poids de portée au sevrage. In Proc.: 2ème Journées de la Recherche Cunicole, April 4-5, 1978. Toulouse, France, 22.

Moret B. 1980. Comportement d’oestrus chez la lapine, Cuniculture n°33, 7: 159-161.

Parigi-Bini R., Xiccato G. 1993. Recherches sur l’interaction entre alimentation, reproduction et lactation chez la lapine, une revue. World Rabbit Sci., 1: 155-161. doi:10.4995/wrs.1993.209

Poujardieu B., Theau-Clément M. 1995. Productivité de la lapine et état physiologique. Ann. Zootech., 44: 29-39. doi:10.1051/animres:19950102

Rodríguez de Lara R., Fallas-López M. 1999. Environmental and physiological factors influencing kindling rates and litter size at birth in artificially inseminated doe rabbits. World Rabbit Sci.,7:191-196. doi:10.4995/wrs.1999.400

Rodríguez de Lara R., Fallas-López M., Rangel-Santos R., Mariscal-Aguayo V., Martínez-Hernández P.A., García Muñiz J.G. 2008. Influence of doe exposure and season on reaction time and semen quality of male rabbits. In Proc.: 9th World Rabbit Congress, June 10-13, 2008. Verona, Italy, 443-447.

Rouvier R., Poujardieu B., Vrillon J.L. 1973. Analyse statistique des performances d’élevage des lapines. Facteurs du milieu, corrélations, répétabilités. Ann. Génét. Sel. Anim., 5: 83-107. doi:10.1186/1297-9686-5-1-83

Statistical Analysis System. 1999. SAS User’s guide, version 8, SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC. USA.

Theau-Clément M., Bencheikh N., Mercier P., Bellereaud J. 1996. Reproductive performance of does under artificial insemination. Use of deep frozen rabbit semen. In Proc.: 6th World Rabbit Congress, 1996. Toulouse, France, 2: 127-132.

Theau-Clément M., Monniaux D., Tircazes A., Balmisse E., Bodin L., Brun J.M. 2012. Descriptive analysis of rabbit sexual receptivity and its sources of variation. In Proc.: 10th World Rabbit Congress, September 3-6, 2012. Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt, 447-451.

Theau-Clément M., Sanchez A., Duzert R., Saleil G., Brun J.M. 2009. Etude des facteurs de variation de la production spermatique chez le lapin. In Proc.: 13èmes Journées de la Recherche Cunicole, INRA-ITAVI, November 17-18, 2009. Le Mans, France, 129-132.

Yamani K.A.O., Daader A.H., Askar A.A. 1991. Non genetic factors affecting rabbit production in Egypt. Options Méditerranéennes, Série A, Séminaires Méditerranéens, 8:159-172.

Zerrouki N., Berchiche M., Lebas F., 2001. Caractérisation d’une population locale de lapins en Algérie: Performances de reproduction des lapines. In Proc.: 9èmes Journées de la Recherche Cunicole, ITAVI. November 28-29, 2001. Paris, France, 163-166.

Zerrouki N., Berchiche M., Lebas F., Bolet G. 2002. Characterization of a local population of rabbits in Algeria: Reproduction performances of the does. In Proc.:7th World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Prod., August 19-23, 2002. Montpellier, France, 4-41.

Zerrouki N., Bolet G., Berchiche M., Lebas F. 2005a. Evaluation of breeding performance of a local Algerian rabbit population raised in the Tizi-Ouzou area (Kabylia). World Rabbit Sci.:13:29-37. doi:10.4995/wrs.2005.531

Zerrouki N., Bolet G., Theau-Clément M. 2009. Etude des composantes biologiques de la prolificité de lapines de population locale algérienne. In Proc.: 13èmes Journées de la Recherche Cunicole, INRA-ITAVI, November 17-18, 2009. Le Mans, France, 153-156.

Zerrouki N., Lebas F., Berchiche M., Bolet G. 2005b. Evaluation of milk production of a local Algerian rabbit population raised in the Tizi-Ouzou area (Kabylia). World Rabbit Sci :13: 39-47.doi:10.4995/wrs.2005.530

Abstract Views

4051
Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM




 

 Universitat Politècnica de València

 

Official journal of the World Rabbit Science Association (WRSA)

 

e-ISSN: 1989-8886     ISSN: 1257-5011   https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs