Legal challenges in the implementation of Nearly Zero Energy Buildings (nZEB) in Spain
Construction activities that include renovation work and energy retrofits add almost twice as much value as the construction of new buildings, and Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) contribute more than 70% of the value added in the EU building sector. This article analyses the legislation associated to Nearly Zero Energy Buildings (nZEB) in Spain in order to identify the factors that will leverage their massive implementation. The paper is organized in three main sections: first one, it describes the geographical and social context of nZEB in Spain, then legislative requirements and policies are analysed; and finally, it identifies the training market penetration for nZEB.
Bonomo P., Chatzipanagi A., Frontini F., Overview and analysis of current BIPV products: new criteria for supporting the technological transfer in the building sector. VITRUVIO - International Journal of Architectural Technology and Sustainability. 2015. (1):67-85. doi:10.4995/vitruvio-ijats.2015.4476.
De Gregorio S., From Kyoto to Paris: searching the sustainability. VITRUVIO - International Journal of Architectural Technology and Sustainability. 2016. 1(1). doi:10.4995/vitruvio-ijats.2016.5799.
Energy Information Administration (EIA). “Impacts of a 10-Percent Renewable Portfolio Standard”. U.S. Department of Energy; 2002 http://www.eia.doe.gov/oiaf/servicerpt/rps/pdf/sroiaf%282002%2903.pdf , Accessed March 2017.
Energy Saving and Efficiency Action Plan 2011-2020. http://ec.europa.eu/energy/efficiency/eed/doc/reporting/2013/es_2013report_es.pdf , Accessed March 2017.
EUR-Lex. “Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee, the Committee of the Regions and the European Investment Bank Clean Energy For All Europeans”, COM/2016/0860 final. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=COM:2016:860:FIN, Accessed March 2017.
EUR-Lex. “Directive 2010/31/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 May 2010 on the energy performance ofbuildings.” OJ L 153, 18.6.2010, p. 13–35. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/;ELX_SESSIONID=FZMjThLLzfxmmMCQGp2Y1s2d3TjwtD8QS3pqdkhXZbwqGwlgY9KN!2064651424?uri=CELEX:32010L0031, Accessed March 2017.
Forlani MC., The architectural design in time of crisis. A research of "roots" to support the development. VITRUVIO – International Journal of Architectural Technology and Sustainability. 2015 (1):1-12. http://hdl.handle.net/10251/68988.
International Energy Agency. Spanish Energy Statistics. http://www.iea.org/countries/membercountries/spain/statistics/, Accessed March 2017.
Giordano, R.; Allione, C.; Clos, A.; Montacchini, E.; Tedesco, S. The integrated design of building services by an equipped and eco-efficient module (MOTE2).VITRUVIO - International Journal of Architectural Technology and Sustainability. 2016. 2444-9091. doi:10.4995/vitruvio-ijats.2016.6795.
Institute for the Diversification and Saving of Energy (IDAE) “SECHSPAHOUSEC Project: Analysis of the energy consumption in the Spanish residential sector”, IDAE, Julio 2011.
JRC Science and Policy Reports. “Energy Renovation: The Trump Card for the New Start for Europe”, EU-JRC Institute for Energy and Transport. 2015. ISBN 978-92-79-43603-(PDF).
Ministry of Presidency “Royal Decree 235/2013, of April 5th, approving the basic procedure for energy efficiency certification in buildings”. BOE-A-2013-3904. 2013. http://www.boe.es/buscar/act.php?id=BOE-A-2013-3904, Accessed March 2017.
Ministry of Industry, Energy and Tourism “Royal Decree 56/2016, of February 2017, transposing the Directive 2012/27/EU from the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on energy efficiency in terms of energy audits, accreditation of service suppliers and energy auditors”. BOE-A-2016-1460. 2016. https://www.boe.es/diario_boe/txt.php?id=BOE-A-2016-1460, Accessed March 2017.
Ministry of Development “Long-term strategy for Energy renovation in the building sector in Spain pursuant to Article 4 of Directive 2012/27/UE”. Ministerio de Formento Spain, June 2014.
National Institute of Statistics “Spain in Figures”. ISSN 2255-0410, INE. 2015. http://www.ine.es/ss/Satellite?L=es_ES&c=INEPublicacion_C&cid=1259924856416&p=1254735110672&pagename=ProductosYServicios%2FPYSLayout¶m1=PYSDetalle Gratuitas, Accessed March 2017.
Spanish Ministry of Development “Long-term strategy for Energy renovation in the building sector in Spain pursuant to Article 4 of Directive 2012/27/UE”. Ministerio de Formento Spain, June 2014.
VV.AA. Climate National Agency, ed. “Iberian Climate Atlas” (pdf). 2011. ISBN 978-84-7837-079-5.
WEB1-Institute for the Diversification and Saving of Energy (IDAE). http://www.ico.es/web/ico/ico-empresas-y-emprendedores/-/lineasICO/view?tab=general , Accessed March 2017.
WEB2-Institute for the Diversification and Saving of Energy (IDAE). http://www.idae.es/index.php/idpag.23/relcategoria.1030/relmenu.344/mod.pags/mem.detalle, Accessed March 2017.
WEB3-Ministry of Agriculture and Phishing, Food and Environment. Clima Projects. http://www.magrama.gob.es/en/cambio-climatico/temas/proyectos-clima/que-es-un-proyecto-clima/default.aspx , Accessed March 2017.
WEB4-MEnS EU Project. Funded under the H2020 Construction Skills topic. http://www.mens-nzeb.eu/en/, Accessed March 2017.
WEB5-PROF/TRACT EU Project. Funded under the H2020 Construction Skills topic. http// http://proftrac.eu/open-trainingplatform-for-nzeb-professionals.html , Accessed March 2017.
Metrics powered by PLOS ALM
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License
Universitat Politècnica de València
e-ISSN: 2444-9091 http://dx.doi.org/10.4995/vitruvio