Basalt fibers: the green material of the XXI-century, for a sustainable restoration of historical buildings

Giacomo Di Ruocco

Abstract

In recent decades in the construction industry, the need to experience consolidation techniques with non-corroding materials is being developed. Studies and tests have been led about integration of basalt fibers in concrete structures: they have shown improvements both in terms of mechanical strength and in terms of intervention of consolidation durability (Ólafsson, Thorhallsson, 2009). The basalt rock can be used to produce not only basalt bars, but also fabrics, paddings, continuous filaments and basalt network. Some applications of these basalt-composites materials concern the consolidation of civil construction structures, thermal and acoustic insulation, security clothing, etc. Some years ago the Italian company ENEA (National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development) has signed an agreement with HG GBF (one of the world's leading companies in the production of basalt fibers), for the verification of possible applications of this material in the construction field but also in the nautical and automotive ones. The use of basalt fiber in construction could present a series of advantages: natural origin, a cycle of production to lower energy impact compared to other fibers, a high chemical inertia and thus a high degree of durability, low thermal conductivity, good mechanical and thermo-acoustic properties, high fire resistance, a competitive cost and, in general, more environmental compatibility and sustainability than other synthetic fibers.


Keywords

basalt fiber; sustainable restoration; historic buildings

Full Text:

PDF

References

Borri A. et al. (2008), Reticolatus: una tecnica di rinforzo di murature irregolari mediante una maglia continua di trefoli metallici”, L'Edilizia, 156, De Lettera, Milano

Burattia C., Moretti E., Bellonia E., Agosti F (2015), Thermal and acoustic performance evaluation of new basalt fiber insulation panels for buildings, 6th International Building Physics Conference, IBPC 2015 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2015.11.648

Czigány T. (2005), Basalt Fiber Reinforced Hybrid Polymer Composites, Materials Science Forum, Vols. 473-474, pp. 59-66 https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.473-474.59

Deák T., Czigány T. (2009), Chemical composition and mechanical properties of basalt and glass fibers: a comparison, Textile Research Journal https://doi.org/10.1177/0040517508095597

De Fazio P. (2011), Basalt fibra: from earth an ancient material for innovative and modern application, in Energia, Ambiente e Innovazione – bimestrale dell’ENEA, n. 3/2011, Varigrafica Alto Lazio, Viterbo

Dhand V. et al. (2015), A short review on basalt fiber reinforced polymer composites. Composites: Part B 73 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2014.12.011

Doglioni F. et al. (1994), Le chiese e il terremoto (a cura di), ed. LINT, Trieste

Erlendsson J.Ó., Þórhallsson E.R. (2009), Basalt fiber bar. Reinforcement of concrete structures, University of Reykjavik

Erlendsson J.Ó. (2012), Continuous Basalt Fiber as Reinforcement, Material in Polyester Resin. MSc thesis. Reykjavik University

Erlendsson J.Ó., Þórhallsson E.R. (2013), Continuous basalt fiber as reinforcement material in polyester resin, University of Reykjavik

Fabbri F. (2010), Analisi numerica di volte in camorcanna e gesso rinforzate con materiali FRP, tesi di laurea in Materiali Innovativi e Riabilitazione Strutturale, Facoltà di Ingegneria, Alma Mater Studiorum – Università degli Studi di Bologna

Giuffrè A. (1991), Letture sulla meccanica delle murature storiche, Kappa Edizioni, Roma

Kerzner H. (2005), Project management. Pianificazione, scheduling e controllo dei progetti, 1ª ediz. (8ª ediz. inglese), Hoepli

Landucci G., Rossi F., Nicolella C., Zanelli S. (2009), Design and testing of innovative materials for passive fire protection, Fire Safety Journal 44 (8), 1103-1109 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.firesaf.2009.08.004

Lemme A., Pasquale C., Miozzi C., Cifani G. (2006), Protocollo di Progettazione per la Realizzazione degli Interventi di Ricostruzione Post-Sisma sugli Edifici Privati, Regione Molise (Legge del 27 Dicembre 2002 n.286) - Decreto n. 76 del 3 agosto 2005

Manieri Elia G. (2002), Interventi di restauro di archeologia romana: tecnologie e metodologie. Ph.D. thesis in Tecnologie dell’Architettura. Roma: Università ‘La Sapienza’

Marcari G. et al. (2007), In-plane shear performance of masonry panels strengthened with FRP, Composites: Part B 38 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2006.11.004

Marnetto R. et al. (2014), Conservare l’edilizia in muratura: il sistema CAM-Cuciture Attive dei Manufatti (a cura di), Preprogetti S.r.l. Roma

Militky J. et al. (2002), Influence of thermal treatment on tensile failure of basalt fibers, Engineering Fracture Mechanics 69 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0013-7944(01)00119-9

Militký J. et al. (2007), Mechanical properties of basalt filaments, Fibers & Textiles in Eastern Europe, Vol. 15, No. 5 – 6

Monni F. et al. (2014), Basalt ropes: a new product for the rehabilitation of historical masonry, Proc. of the Int. Conf. of Preservation, Maintenance and Rehabilitation of Historical Buildings and Structures, Tomar, Portugal, 19-21 Mar. 2014, Vol. 2

Norman E.S., Britherton S.A., Fried R.T. (2008), Work breakdown structures: the foundation for project management excellence, Hoboken, N.J. : John Wiley & Sons ; [Newtown Square, Pa.] : Project Management Institute

Ólafsson H., Thorhallsson E. (2009), Study on strength fiber rods in the concrete cross-section, University of Reykjavik

Quagliarini E. et al. (2012), Tensile characterization of basalt fiber rods and ropes: A first contribution. Construction and Building Materials 34 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2012.02.080

Quagliarini E. et al. (2013), La pietra che tiene unita la pietra: il Sistema Ticorapsimo® per il consolidamento di murature storiche. Parte Prima: Structural 182

Quagliarini E., Scalbi A., Monni F., Lenci S. (2016), A Novel and Sustainable Application of Basalt Fibers for Strengthening Unreinforced Masonry Walls, in Journal of Natural Fibers, pp.1-15 https://doi.org/10.1080/15440478.2016.1163763

Quagliarini E., Monni F., Bondioli F., Lenci S. (2016), Basalt fiber ropes and rods: Durability tests for their use in building engineering, JOURNAL OF BUILDING ENGINEERING, vol.5, pp.142-150, ELSEVIER https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2015.12.003

Quattrociocchi G., Albé M., Tirilló J., Sarasini F., Valente M., Santarelli M.L. (2015), Basalt fibres as a sustainable reinforcement for cement based mortars: preliminary study, in WIT Transactions on Engineering Sciences, vol.90, UK-USA

Ramakrishnan V., Panchalan R. (2005), A new construction material - non-corrosive basalt bar reinforced concrete. Special Publication, 229, 253-270

Ramesh Kumar V., Bharath Kumar B.H., Smitha Gopinath, Nagesh R. Iyer (2015), Flexural studies on basalt fiber reinforced composite sandwich panel with profile sheet as core, in Construction and Building Materials, ELSEVIER, Volume 82, Pages 391–400

Ross A. (2006), Basalt fibers: Alternative to glass? Composites World. Retrieved May 9, 2012

Sim J. et al. (2005), Characteristics of basalt fiber as a strengthening material for concrete structures, Composites: Part B 36 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2005.02.002

Van de Velde K. et al. (2003), Basalt fibers as reinforcement for composites, Proceedings of 10th International Conference on Composites Nano Engineering, University of New Orleans, New Orleans, LA, USA, 20–26 July 2003

Wallenberger F.T., Watson J.C., Hong Li, PPG Industries, Inc. (2001), Glass Fibers, ASM International. ASM Handbook, Vol. 21: Composites

Wei B. et al., Environmental resistance and mechanical performance of basalt and glass fibers, Materials Science and Engineering A 527

www.b-composites.net/210.html

www.b-composites.net/228.html

www.enea.it/it/pubblicazioni/pdf-eai/maggio-giugno-2011/srbasaltfibra.pdf/view

www.hg-gbfbasalt.com/it/news.htm

restaurocolosseo.it/

video.repubblica.it/edizione/roma/roma-colosseo-la-corda-dibasalto-il-segreto-del-restauro/227550/226841

Abstract Views

3963
Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Licencia Creative Commons This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Universitat Politècnica de València

e-ISSN: 2444-9091 http://dx.doi.org/10.4995/vitruvio