Sustainability of the build environment and its impact on user performance. Case study Polis University
Keywords:built environment, circularity, sustainability, university, performance, functionality, comfort, assessment
The built environment is important not only for its users and owners, but also for the community and society as a hole, and yet, construction is one of the most energy consuming, destructive, and moreover material consuming industries. Deficiencies with adaptability to meet changing needs in terms of sustainability in architecture can eventually cause needless costs, environmental pressure and dissatisfaction. The aim of this study is to explore whether the circular construction and sustainability of built environments is not only a matter of reducing environmental impacts and limiting the use of non-renewable resources, but it can be successfully used to enhance of environmental protection, social equity, and economic development of a facility. Furthermore, the study tries to understand whether we can use circularity principles not only for the building to be more sustainable and in line with circular economy principles, but also be used to enhance user performance, in this specific case the performance of student and academic staff. The study was applied to Polis University and its premises. Two survey formats were specifically designed to collect data on overall functionality and comfort of Polis University facilities, as well as data on academic staff and student self assessment performance. The study emphasizes the importance of the elements of sustainable built environment, and the care that designers and builders need to achieve what is called optimal comfort and functionality of each element, keeping in mind not only end users but also environmental, social and economical aspects as a fully accomplished sustainable architecture design.
Arponen, J., Granskog, A., Pantsar-Kallio, M., Stuchtey,M., Törmänen, A., & Vanthournout, H. 2014. The possibilities of circular economy in Finland. Investigations by Sitra. Helsinki, Finland: Sitra.
Durmisevic, E. 2019. Circular economy in construction. Design strategies for reversible buildings. Netherlands. ISBN 978-90-821-698-4-3. Available at https://www.bamb2020.eu/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/Reversible-Building-Design-Strateges.pdf.
Elgner, H. 2006. New interior design trends, Design aspects - colours and materials.
Flynn, Segil & Steffy. 2000. Office space planning: designing for tomorrow's workplace. US: McGraw-Hill professional.
Gibbs, J. 1995. A Handbook for interior designers. London, UK: Ward Lock Limited.
Gifford, R. 2007. Environmental psychology: Principles and practice. 4nd ed. Colville, WA, US: Optimal Books.
Herlevi, K. 2015. Kiertotalouden mahdollisuudet Suomelle. Sitra. Accessed September 2018. [Online] Available at https://www.pikes.fi/documents/89847/3035594/Pielisen+Karjalan+TULEVAISUUSFOORUMI+2015+Herlevi+esitysversio.pdf/80270e71-0b17-460d-ba10-fe22cdd92d67.
Huchendorf, L. 2007. 'The e ects of color on memory'. Journal of Undergraduate Research, X, pp. 1-4. Available at http://www.uwlax.edu/urc/juronline/PDF/2007/huchendorf.pdf
Huovila, P., & Leinonen, J. 2001. Managing performance in the built environment. CIB World Building Congress, April 2001, Wellington, New Zealand. Accessed online: https://www.irbnet.de/daten/iconda/CIB2781.pdf. (Accessed on 10.01.2021)
Johansson, I., Van, G. B., Hultdin, J, Johansson, M., Hallmans, G. and Stattin P., (2010). Validity of food frequency questionnaire. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 64. pp. 905-13. https://doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2010.80
Koopmans L., Bernaards, C.M., Hildebrandt, V.H., van Buuren, S., van der Beek, A.J., de Vet, H.C.W. 2014. Improving the Individual Work Performance Questionnaire using Rasch analysis. Journal of Applied Measurement, 15(2), 160-175 [online Jan 11 2021] http://postprint.nivel.nl/PPpp5641.pdf? https://doi.org/10.1037/t35489-000
Lammert, L. 2018. Circular Economy in Architecture - sustainable principles for future design. Thesis. University of Oulu, Faculty of Technology, Oulu School of Architecture. [Online] Available at: https://figbc.fi/wp-content/uploads/sites/4/2020/05/nbnfioulu-201811233096.pdf.
Largo-Wighta, E., Chenb, W.W., Doddc, V., & Weilerb, R. 2010. 'The Nature Contact Questionnaire: A measure of healthy workplace exposure'. Work, 40(4), 411-423. https://doi.org/10.3233/WOR-2011-1253
Miller, J.D. 1974. 'E ects of noise on people'. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 56(3), pp. 729-764. https://doi.org/10.1121/1.1903322
Myerson, J., & Ross, P. 2006. Space to work. London, UK: Laurence King Publishing.
Ogunmakinde, O., & Sher, W., & Maund, K. 2017. Circular Construction: Opportunities and Threats. UMD Project Management Symposium, May 4-5, 2017.
Polis University. 2021. Official website: http://www.universitetipolis.edu.al/
Raunio, M., Nordling, N., Ketola, T., Saarinen, J., & Heinikangas, A. 2016. 'Avoin innovaatioalusta kaupunkikehittämisen lähestymistapana. Käsikirja kehittäjille'. Avoimet innovaatioalustat. 1. Painos, versio 1.5. 6 aika. Oulu, Espoo, Helsinki, Tampere, Turku, Vantaa. Finland.
Rayfield, J. 1994. Office interior design guide: an introduction for facilities managers and designers. New York, US: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Sangar, A.V. 2007. Human behaviour in public spaces. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of bachelor of planning within the faculty of the built environment at the University of New South Wales. Sydney.
Shannaq, B., Adebiaye, R., & Al-Azzawi, F. 2012. 'The impact of the green learning on the students performance'. Asian Journal Of Computer Science And Information Technology (AJCIT), 2. pp. 190-193.
The Global Impact of Biophilic Design in the Workplace 2015. [Online] Available at: https://greenplantsforgreenbuildings.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/Human-
This journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License