The Alfonso Garofalo pasta factory in Gragnano, Naples, Italy: history, technologies and hypotheses of reuse

Claudia Sicignano

Abstract

About fifteen water mills settled in the Valley of the Mills of Gragnano. Thanks to new technologies, a few centuries later, fifty-seven new pasta factories were built on the Corso Sancio. The building typology was recurrent and constant. Each of them consisted of a ground floor, three floors in elevation and one or two underground levels that were in the rear close to the Vernotico stream. The complex retreated, for logistical and space reasons, from the road curtain, developing over an area of its own, with a large inner courtyard, a sort of real square, for the movement of horse-drawn carts, then trucks and therefore still several artifacts. For his time Alfonso Garofalo was one of the greatest Italian pasta manufacturers. After more than a hundred years the vertical production processes and the work done in many small building entities proved to be expensive with respect to industrial competitiveness. In other parts of Italy some pasta factories already appeared on a single level, with production in horizontal continuity and mechanized drying. In 1963 the historical Pastificio Alfonso Garofalo closed due to bankruptcy and the industrial activity was closed forever. The real problem that remains today is the reuse of these large abandoned container in the historic center. The building complex in the heart of the town, which is part of Industrial Archeology is now in serious disrepair and deserves to be restored and reused.


Keywords

proto industry; reuse; pasta museum

Full Text:

PDF

References

Alisio, G. (1983) L’insediamento industriale nella Napoli dell’Ottocento, l’area orientale, in “Archeologia Industriale”, pagg.54 - 61, Giugno 1983 n°1.

AA.VV., Gragnano dei “Maccaroni”, Quaderni Culturali della Biblioteca Comunale di Gragnano.

Balestri, A., (2001) Governo locale e politiche attive di sviluppo territoriale, 6-8 Dicembre 2001, Ravello.

Beccatini, G. (2000) Distretti industriali e sviluppo locale, Bollati Boringhieri, Torino.

Belfiore, P., Gravagnuolo, B. (1994) Napoli. Architettura e urbanistica del Novecento, Laterza, Bari.

Belli, A. (1992) La periferia orientale, in Alla ricerca del piano perduto, pagg.57 - 61 Clean Edizioni, Napoli.

Colletta, P. Storia del Reame di Napoli dal 1734 al 1825.

Capasso, B. (1902), Le fonti della storia delle provincie napoletane dal 568 al 1500, Napoli.

De Janni, N. (1990) Industrie e società a Napoli e in provincia nella prima metà del ‘900 in “Per la storia dell’ industria a Napoli”, ISI, pagg. 114 - 115, Napoli.

Del Gaudio C. e M. (a cura di) (2002), Gragnano: maccarunaro, stracciaculo e lupo mannaro, Tecnostampa, Castellammmare di Stabia (Napoli), 2002.

Liguori, F. S. (1863) Cenni storico descrittivi della città di Gragnano e luoghi circonvicini.

Liguori, A. (1955) Gragnano, memorie archeologiche e storiche, Pompei.

Rubino, G.E. (1978) Archeologia industriale e Mezzogiorno, presentazione di A. Venditti, Giuditta, Roma.

Webster, Richard A. (1974) L’imperialismo industriale italiano, 1908 - 1915. Studio sul prefascismo, Torino.

Abstract Views

1338
Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Licencia Creative Commons This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Universitat Politècnica de València

e-ISSN: 2444-9091 http://dx.doi.org/10.4995/vitruvio