Phenomenological classification of cultural heritage: role of virtual reality

Hyuk-Jin Lee


Human consciousness is always the consciousness toward some thing and our perception of cultural heritage is no exception. Thus, understanding human cognition is closely related to understanding how the perceptible objects are classified in human mind. The perceptible objects include both physical and virtual experiences and thoughts, and it is important and necessary to analyze the types and the effective levels of those objects. With the emergence of Virtual Reality (VR) technologies in cultural heritage field, it is necessary to understand how and why different cognitive media such as realor visual reality including VR, are differently recognized by people. This study suggests the philosophical and theoretical frame for the usage of phenomenological classfication and analysis. By using this new classification with the case of Korean built heritage, the role of VR is explained in cultural discourse of the community.


phenomenology; virtual architecture; digital archaeology; virtual reality; cultural heritage; 3D reconstruction

Full Text:



Avrami, E., Mason, R.,& Torre, M. (2000). Values and heritage conservation: research report. Los Angeles, USA: The Getty Conservation Institute.

Gantt, J. T., & Woodland, J. R. (2013). Libraries in Second Life: linking collections, clients, and communities in a virtual world. Journal of Web Librarianship, 7(2),123–141.

Han, D. S. (2004). Reconsideration on Goyreo architecture-focusing on Suduck Temple.The Art History Journal, 22, 97–124.

Hill, V., & Lee, H. J. (2009). Libraries and immersive learning environments unite in second life. Library Hi Tech, 27(3),338–356.

Hill, V., & Meister, M. (2013). Virtual worlds and libraries. College & Research Libraries News, 74(1), 43–47.Retrieved from

Lee, H. J. (2013). Lost memory and identity: philosophical consideration of Korean built heritages. In 2013 Digital Heritage International Congress (pp. 21–28). Marseille, France.

Lee, H. J. (2016). The role of virtual architecture: Phenomenological perspective. In J.L. Lerma & M. Cabrelles (Eds.), Proceedings of the ARQUEOLÓGICA 2.0 –8th International Congress on Archaeology, Computer Graphics, Cultural Heritage and Innovation (pp. 298–301). Valencia, Spain.

Lewis, R. (2015). Virtual Reality: soon to become mainstream in libraries? Information Today, 32(4), 1–29.

Moorefield-Lang, H. (2015). Libraries and the Rift: Oculus Rift and 4D devices in libraries. Knowledge Quest, 43(5), 76–77.

Munasinghe, H. (2005). The politics of the past: constructing a national identity through heritage conservation. International Journal of Heritage Studies, 11(3), 251–260.

Namgung, S. T. (1996). Cultural heritage protection and environmental rights. The Journal of Cultural Policy, 8(12), 28–51.

Park, E. S. (2011). Professional artists in Joseon dynasty and roaly court painting.Monthly Art, 23(11), 118–121.

Park, J. (2010). Static and genetic analysis in Husserl’s theory of evidence. Philosophical ideology, 35,175–212.

Park, S. (2007). Edmund Husserl & Martin Heidegger: Phenomenology. Gyeonggi-do: Gimmyong publishers.

Pierdicca, R., Malinverni, E. S., Frontoni, E., Colosi, F., & Orazi, R. (2016). 3D Visualization tools to explore ancient architectures in South America. Virtual Archaeology Review, 7(15), 44–53.

Stanley-Price,N. (2006). Excavated Foundations and Total Reconstruction, In Proceedings of the International Conference on Reconstruction of the Hwangnyongsa Temple(pp. 17–27), Daejeon, Republic of Korea: National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage.

Stephens, J., & Tiwari, R. (2015). Symbolic estates: community identity and empowerment through heritage. International Journal of Heritage studies, 21(1), 99–114.

Yan, H., Ming, G., & Jin, S. (2013). A virtual reconstruction methodology for archaeological heritage in East Asia –practical experience from the re-relic program in China. Virtual Archaeology Review, 9(4), 93–99.

Yoon, B. (2010). A Study of the relation between experience and world: toward the internalistic Externalism. Philosophical ideology, 36,369–394.

Abstract Views

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • There are currently no refbacks.


Cited-By (articles included in Crossref)

This journal is a Crossref Cited-by Linking member. This list shows the references that citing the article automatically, if there are. For more information about the system please visit Crossref site

Creative Commons License

This journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Universitat Politècnica de València

Official journal of Spanish Society of Virtual Archaeology

e-ISSN: 1989-9947