Computer simulation in archaeology. Art, science or nightmare?

Juan Anton Barceló

Abstract

By simulating historical processes and not just the archaeological material, I intend to explain social causality at the micro and macro levels. The target is no more an archaeological artifact but a human society at large, although existing only in the virtual world. A new target, the artificial society, is created with its own structure and behavior. With the possibility of simulating virtual social systems, a new methodology of scientific inquiry becomes possible.


Keywords

Virtual archaeology; Artificial society; Simulation; Agent-based modelling

Full Text:

PDF

References

ALTAWEEL, M. (2008): Investigating agricultural sustainability and strategies in northern Mesopotamia: results produced using a socio-ecological modeling approach, Journal of Archaeological Science nº 35, pp. 821-835. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2007.06.012

BARCELÓ, J.A. (2009): Computational Intelligence in Archaeology. Hershey (NY): The IGI Group. http://dx.doi.org/10.4018/978-1-59904-489-7

BARCELÓ, J.A.; CUESTA, J.A:; DEL CASTILLO, F. GALÁN, J.M.; MAMELI, L., MIGUEL, F.; SANTOS, J. I.; VILÀ, X.. (2010): “Patagonian Ethnogenesis: towards a computational simulation approach”, in Proceedings of the 3rd World Congress on Social Simulation WCSS2010 CDROM.. Kassel: Center for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel; pp. 1-9.

CHRISTIANSEN J.H., ALTAWEEL M, (2006): “Simulation of natural and social process interactions: An example from Bronze Age Mesopotamia”. Social Science Computer Review. 24(2), pp. 209-226. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0894439305281500

COSTOPOULOS, A. LAKE, M.V. (2010): Simulating Change Archaeology Into the Twenty-first Century Salt Lake, The University of Utah Press.

DORAN JM, PALMER M, GILBERT N, & MELLARS P, (1994): “The EOS project: Modeling Upper Paleolithic social change”. In Gilbert N and Doran J, eds. Simulating Societies: The Computer Simulation of Social Phenomena, London: UCL Press, pp. 195-221. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781351165129-9

EDMONDS, B., MOSS, S. (2011): Simulating Social Complexity: A Handbook. Berlin, Springer.

EPSTEIN, J. M. (2006): Generative Social Science: Studies in Agent-Based Computational Modeling). Princeton University Press.

GUMERMAN, G. J., SWEDLUND, A. C., DEAN, J. S, EPSTEIN J. M. (2003): The Evolution of Social Behavior in the Prehistoric American Southwest. Artificial Life 9, pp. 435-444. http://dx.doi.org/10.1162/106454603322694861

JANSSEN, M.A, (2009): “Understanding Artificial Anasazi”, in Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation 12 (4) 13 http://jasss.soc.surrey.ac.uk/12/4/13.html

KOHLER, T.A., KRESL, J., WEST, C.V., CARR, E., WILSHUSEN, R. (2000): Be there then: A modeling approach to settlement determinants and spatial efficiency among late ancestral Pueblo populations of the Mesa Verde region, U. S. Southwest. In Kohler TA and Gumerman GJ, eds. Dynamics in

Human and Primate Societies: Agent-Based Modeling of Social and Spatial Processes, New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 145-178.

KOHLER, T. A., LEEUW, S. v.d. (2007): The Model-Based Archaeology of Socionatural Systems. Santa Fe: School of Advanced Research Press.

KOHLER, T A, VARIEN, M. D., WRIGHT, A., KUCKELMAN, K. A. (2008): Mesa Verde Migrations: New archaeological research and computer simulation suggest why ancestral Puebloans deserted the northern Southwest United States. American Scientist nº 96, pp. 146-153. http://dx.doi.org/10.1511/2008.70.3641

MACY, M. W. WILLER, R. (2002): “From Factors to Actors: Computational Sociology and Agent-Based Models”, en Annual Review of Sociology, nº 28, pp. 143-166. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.soc.28.110601.141117

SAWYER, R. K. (2005): Social emergence: societies as complex systems. New York: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511734892

SOKOLOWSKI, J.A., BANKS, C.M., (2009): Modeling and Simulation for Analyzing Global Events London, Wiley. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470486993

ZACHARIAS, G.L., MACMILLAN, M., VAN HEMEL, S.B. (2008): Behavioral Modeling and Simulation: From Individuals to Societies, Washington, National Academies Press.

Abstract Views

1464
Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 

Cited-By (articles included in Crossref)

This journal is a Crossref Cited-by Linking member. This list shows the references that citing the article automatically, if there are. For more information about the system please visit Crossref site

1. Píxeles de piedra. Visibilidad y ocultación en el oppidum de San Cibrán de Las (Ourense)
Pastor Fábrega-Álvarez
Trabajos de Prehistoria  vol: 77  issue: 2  first page: 303  year: 2020  
doi: 10.3989/tp.2020.12258



Creative Commons License

This journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Universitat Politècnica de València

Official journal of Spanish Society of Virtual Archaeology

e-ISSN: 1989-9947   https://dx.doi.org/10.4995/var