Digital surveying and new perspectives on the Byzantine Oratory of the Catacomb of Saint Lucia in Syracuse

Mariateresa Galizia, Cettina Santagati, Mariarita Sgarlata

Abstract

The study conducted Oratory Byzantine catacombs of Saint Lucia in Syracuse comes from the observation of the precarious condition of the underground funerary complex from the point of view of the static structures, which have undergone several alterations over the centuries due to landslides, blockages, collapses and subsequent excavations, conservation of the frescoes found that as a result of survey campaigns that have occurred intermittently on the monument. These difficulties have conditioned the public opening of only a part of the catacombs -la region A and the Oratory of the Forty Martiri- leaving hidden the community many significant spaces including the Oratory. The research will then, through the survey instrument with laser scanner, acquire a geometric-formal documentation of this important area through a 3D model on which to investigate aspects of a static nature, geological, material, historical, archaeological, necessary for a proper design of future interventions for the protection and consolidation of the catacomb. In fact, the 3D model obtained is a virtual copy of the recorded space through which it is possible to speculate on some design and physical environmental conditions of the sites, such as lighting and ventilation, and on some solutions distribution-functional, providing also a possible model for 3D navigation allows the virtual tour of the places underground. The location of the site, the distribution of the planimetric and static environmental conditions represented in research critical issues to be addressed in the survey phase of underground sites, providing for the research group of the fixed points on which to structure a possible protocol operating acquisition, integration, management and processing of the acquired data subject to change.

Keywords

Catacombs; Laser scanning; Digital cultural heritage; Worship places

Full Text:

PDF

References

AGNELLO, Giuseppe (1963): “Un sacello pagano con affreschi nella catacomba di Santa Lucia a Siracusa”, in Palladio 13, pp. 8-16.

AGNELLO, Santi Luigi (1955): “Recenti esplorazioni nelle catacombe siracusane di S. Lucia II”, in Rivista di Archeologia Cristiana, pp. 7-50.

BENEDETTI, Benedetto et alii, (2009): “ Modelli digitali 3D in archeologia: il caso di Pompei”. Edizioni della Normale, Pisa.

BONACINI, Elisa et alii (2012): “The catacombs of San Giovanni in Syracuse: surveying, digital enhancement and revitalization of an archaeological landmark”, in Euromed 4th International Euro-Mediterranean Conference, Cipro. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-34234-9_40

CASU, Paola, (2004): “Esempi di documentazione grafica digitale applicati al rilievo archeologico. Esperienze nel sito di Uthina”, in Corda, A. M. (ed) Progetto Uthina – dieci anni di cooperazione con l’Institut National du Patrimoine di Tunisi (1994-2004). Nuove Grafiche Puddu, Senorbì

CIPRIANI, Luca et alii (2014): “ Affidabilità ed ottimizzazione del texturing del colore apparente dei modelli da sensori attivi e passivi: casi studio nel settore dei Beni Culturali”, in Colore e colorimetria. Contributi multidisciplinari vol. X. Atti della X Conferenza del Colore. Editore: Maggioli 2014 pp 23-35

DE LUCA, Livio (2011): “Verso la caratterizzazione semantica di rappresentazioni digitali di artefatti architettonici: linee programmatiche di ricerca” in DISEGNARECON, 4 (8), pp 99-106.

FÜHRER, Joseph et alii, (1907): “Die altchristlichen Grabastatten Siziliens”, Berlin.

GAIANI, Marco (2005): “A framework to build and visualize 3D models from real world data for historical architecture and archaeology as a base for a 3D information system, The reconstruction of Archaeological Landscapes through Digital Technologies”, Berkeley, BAR, , pp.103- 125.

GALIZIA, Mariateresa et alii (2009): “Sperimentazione della tecnica laser scanner 3D per la conoscenza valorizzazione e fruizione del parco archeologico di Caucana”, in Atti 13° Conferenza Nazionale Asita, Bari.

GIUFFRIDA, Alessia et alii (2005): “The laser scanner for archeological survey: “Le terme dell’Indirizzo” in Catania”, in International Archives of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial and Information Sciences, Volume XXXVI, part 5.

GRANDE LEON, Alfredo (2002): “Itálica virtual. Un proyecto educativo que hace Historia”, in PH Boletín del Instituto Andaluz del Patrimonio Histórico, nº 40/41, pp. 241-247. https://doi.org/10.33349/2002.40.1435

GUIDI, Gabriele et alii (2009): “A Multi-Resolution methodology for the 3D modeling of large and complex archaeological areas”, in International Journal of Architectural Computing, 7(1), pp. 39 –55. http://dx.doi.org/10.1260/147807709788549439

GUIDI, Gabriele et alii (2014): “Image pre-processing for optimizing automated photogrammetry performances” in ISPRS Annals of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, Volume II-5, Riva del Garda, Italy pp. 145-152. https://doi.org/10.5194/isprsannals-II-5-145-2014

ORSI, Paolo(1918): “La catacomba di S. Lucia. Esplorazioni negli anni 1916-1917”, in Notizie degli Scavi di Antichità 26 pp. 257-280.

ORSI, Paolo(1920): Scoperte nel sobborgo di S. Lucia, in Notizie degli Scavi di Antichità, 28, pp. 312-327.

ORSI, Paolo (1923): Manipulus epigraphicus christianus memoriae aeternae, in I. B. De Rossi, in Memorie. Atti della Pontificia Accademia Romana di Archeologia, 1, pp. 113-122.

ORSI, Paolo (1942): Oratorio trogloditico con pitture bizantine a S. Lucia di Siracusa, in Sicilia bizantina, Roma, pp. 71-100.

PECCHIOLI, L. et alii (2011): “The museum of the sculptures in the Basilica of Saint Silvestro at the Catacombs of Priscilla. A virtual visit using Isee Web-Application”, in EVA 2011 Florence - Electronic Imaging & the Visual Arts. Proceedings, Bologna.

RUSSO, Michele (2011): “Principali tecniche e strumenti per il rilievo tridimensionale in ambito archeologico”, Archeologia e Calcolatori, XXII, Edizioni all’insegna del giglio.

SALVO, Grazia (1999): “Gli affreschi dell’oratorio dei Quaranta Martiri a Siracusa nel contesto della Sicilia bizantina”, in tesi di laurea, Università degli Studi della Tuscia, Viterbo.

SANTAGATI, Cettina (2014): “Digital methodologies for surveying and enhancement of hypogeous cultural heritage”, in Virtual Archaeology Journal, vol 5 (10) pp. 82-92.

SCHEIBLAUER, Claus et alii. (2009): “Interactive Domitilla Catacomb Exploration”, in Debattista, K. et alii, VAST 2009 10th International Symposium on Virtual Reality, Archaeology, and Cultural Heritage, pp. 65-72, Eurographics Association, Aire-la Ville.

SGARLATA, Mariarita et alii (2006): “La catacombe di Santa Lucia e l’Oratorio dei Quaranta Martiri”, Grafica Saturnia. Siracusa.

SGARLATA, Mariarita (1996): “Le stagioni della rotonda di Adelfia. Indagini 1988 e 1993 nella catacomba di S. Giovanni a Siracusa”, in Rivista di Archeologia Cristiana, nº 72, pp. 75-113.

SGARLATA, Mariarita (2006): Morti lontano dalla patria: la documentazione epigrafica delle catacombe siracusane, in Atti del XVI Convegno su L’Africa romana, Roma, pp. 1185-1202.

ZIMMERMANN, Niklaus et alii (2008): “Showing the Invisible – Documentation and research on the Roman Domitilla catacomb based on Image-Laser-Scanning and 3D-Modelling”, in Posluschny, A. et alii, Layers of Perception Proceedings of the 35th International Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology (CAA) Berlin, pp. 58-64.

Abstract Views

770
Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License

This journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Universitat Politècnica de València

Official journal of Spanish Society of Virtual Archaeology

e-ISSN: 1989-9947   https://dx.doi.org/10.4995/var