Virtual museum enriched by GIS data to share science and culture. Church of Saint Stephen in Umm Ar-Rasas (Jordan)
Umm ar-Rasas is a Jordan archaeological site, located 30 km southeast of the city of Madaba, in the northern part of Wadi Mujib. It preserves findings dating back the period from the end of 3rd to the 9th century AD and, since 2004, it belongs to the world heritage list of UNESCO. In 2015 a multidisciplinary work was undertaken over the archaeological site, mainly focusing on the Church of Saint Stephen, with the main purpose of enhancing the knowledge and documenting the conservation state of the polychrome mosaic floor, which covers the entire surface of the hall and presbytery. A huge amount of data has been collected, coming from archaeological and historical investigations, geophysics and geodetic inspections and geomatics surveying, which produced also a true orthophoto of the mosaic floor. Data has been organized in a geo-database, facilitating the exchange of information between different actors. Moreover, the management of data within a dedicated Geographic Information System (GIS), has allowed in-depth analysis for understanding the evolution of the iconographic repertoire that, over the centuries, has undergone several disfigurements due to the iconoclastic age. The knowledge of the mosaic has also been vital for the implementation of multimedia applications and for the creation of virtual experiences, in which the information can be conveyed and visualized directly on the virtual reconstruction of the whole archaeological site. The innovation of the proposed work, is therefore in the management of a data flow that can be exploited by different actors through different platforms: experts, thanks to the use of GIS, and visitors with the use of multimedia applications (such as Augmented Reality (AR) or highresolution web visualization) for dissemination purposes, in order to preserve this priceless mankind heritage.
Definition of a complete pipeline ranging from data acquisition to visualization in multi-channel multimedia applications.
Management of heterogeneous data in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and their exploitation in Augmented and Virtual Reality (AR/VR).
GIS applied to the archaeological domain for expert and non-expert users.
Anichini, F., Bini, D., Bini, M., Dubbini, N., Fabiani, F., Gattiglia, G., ... Steffè, S. (2012). MAPPAproject: Methodologies applied to archaeological potential predictivity. MapPapers, 1en-I, 23–43.
Anichini, F., Fabiani, F., Gattiglia, G., & Gualandi, M. L. (2012). A database for archaeological data recording and analysis. MapPapers, 1en-II, 21–38.
Baik, A., Yaagoubi, R., & Boehm, J. (2015). Integration of Jeddah historical BIM and 3D GIS for documentation and restoration of historical monument. International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, XL-5/W7, 29–34. https://doi.org/10.5194/isprsarchives-XL-5-W7-29-2015
Barrile, V., Fotia, A., Bilotta, G., & De Carlo, D. (2019). Integration of geomatics methodologies and creation of a cultural heritage app using augmented reality. Virtual Archaeology Review, 10(20), 40–51. https://doi.org/10.4995/var.2019.10361
Blanco-Pons, S., Carrión-Ruiz, B., Lerma, J. L., & Villaverde, V. (2019). Design and implementation of an augmented reality application for rock art visualization in Cova dels Cavalls (Spain). Journal of Cultural Heritage. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.culher.2019.03.014
Bruno, F., Bruno, S., De Sensi, G., Luchi, M. L., Mancuso, S., & Muzzupappa, M. (2010). From 3D reconstruction to virtual reality: A complete methodology for digital archaeological exhibition. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 11(1), 42–49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.culher.2009.02.006
Colosi, F., Fangi, G., Gabrielli, R., Orazi, R., Angelini, A., & Bozzi, C. A. (2009). Planning the Archaeological Park of Chan Chan (Peru) by means of satellite images, GIS and photogrammetry. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 10 (SUPPL. 1), 27–34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.culher.2009.08.002
d’Annibale, E., Tassetti, A. N., & Malinverni, E. S. (2014). Finalizing a low-cost photogrammetric workflow: from panoramic photos to Heritage 3D documentation and visualization. International Journal of Heritage in the Digital Era, 3(1), 33–49. https://doi.org/10.1260/2047-49126.96.36.199
Dilek, A. P. S. E., Doğan, M., & Kozbe, G. (2019). The Influences of the Interactive Systems on Museum Visitors’ Experience: A Comparative Study from Turkey. Journal of Tourism Intelligence and Smartness, 2(1), 27–38. Retrieved from http://dergipark.org.tr/jtis/issue/44975/559246
Felicetti, A., Albiero, A., Gabrielli, R., Pierdicca, R., Paolanti, M., Zingaretti, P.,& Malinverni, E. S. (2018). Automatic Mosaic Digitalization: a Deep Learning approach to tessera segmentation. In METROARCHEO, IEEE International Conference on Metrology for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage. Cassino.
Gabrielli, R., Portarena, D., & Franceschinis, M. (2017). Tecniche di documentazione dei tappeti musivi del sito archeologico di Umm Al-Rasas–Kastron Mefaa (Giordania). Archeologia e Calcolatori, 28(1), 201–218.
Gabrielli, R., & Greco, G. (2018). Umm Ar-Rasas: The Application of Integrated Methodologies for the Valorization of a Unesco Site. Global Journal of Archaeology & Anthropology, 6(3), 555688. https://doi.org/10.19080/GJAA.2018.06.555688
Han, D.-I. D., Weber, J., Bastiaansen, M., Mitas, O., & Lub, X. (2019). Virtual and augmented reality technologies to enhance the visitor experience in cultural tourism. In M. C. tom Dieck & T. Jung (Eds.), Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality (pp. 113–128). Cham: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-06246-0
Hunter, J., Jateff, E., & van den Hengel, A. (2019). Using digital visualization of archival sources to enhance archaeological interpretation of the ‘Life History’of Ships: The case study of HMCS/HMAS Protector. In J. McCarthy, J. Benjamin, T. Winton, & W. van Duivenvoorde (Eds.), 3D Recording and Interpretation for Maritime Archaeology (vol. 31, pp. 89–101). Cham: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-03635-5_6
Kyriakou, P., & Hermon, S. (2019). Can I touch this? Using natural interaction in a Museum Augmented Reality System. Digital Applications in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage, 12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.daach.2018.e00088
Malinverni, E. S., Pierdicca, R., Giuliano, A., & Mariano, F. (2018). A geographical information system to support restoration activities: a methodological approach experienced upon the case study of Ascoli Satriano Fortress. Applied Geomatics, 10(4), 427–439. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12518-018-0216-4
Ognibene, S. (2002). Umm al-Rasas. L’Erma di Bretschneider.
Piccirillo, M. (1991). Il complesso di Santo Stefano a Umm al-Rasas Kastron Mefaa in Giordania (1986-1991). Liber Annuus Studii Biblici Franciscani, 41, 327–357.
Piccirillo, M. (2008). La Palestina cristiana: I-VII secolo. EDB.
Piccirillo, M., & Alliata, E. (1994). Umm al-Rasas Mayfa’ah I: gli scavi del complesso di Santo Stefano.
Pierdicca, R., Frontoni, E., Malinverni, E. S., Colosi, F., & Orazi, R. (2016). Virtual reconstruction of archaeological heritage using a combination of photogrammetric techniques: Huaca Arco Iris, Chan Chan, Peru. Digital Applications in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage, 3(3), 80–90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.daach.2016.06.002
Pierdicca, R., Malinverni, E. S., Frontoni, E., Colosi, F., & Orazi, R. (2016). 3D visualization tools to explore ancient architectures in South America. Virtual Archaeology Review, 7(15), 44–53. https://doi.org/10.4995/var.2016.5904
Rahaman, H., Champion, E., & Bekele, M. (2019). From photo to 3D to mixed reality: A complete workflow for cultural heritage visualisation and experience. Digital Applications in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage, 13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.daach.2019.e00102
Salonia, P., & Negri, A. (2003). Cultural Heritage emergency: GIS-based tools for assessing and deciding preservation. In Proceedings of the Twenty-Third Annual ESRI International User Conference, San Diego, CA, USA (pp. 7–11).
Saygi, G., & Remondino, F. (2013). Management of architectural heritage information in BIM and GIS: State-of-the-art and future perspectives. International. https://doi.org/10.1260/2047-49188.8.131.525
Metrics powered by PLOS ALM
- There are currently no refbacks.
This journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Universitat Politècnica de València
Official journal of Spanish Society of Virtual Archaeology
e-ISSN: 1989-9947 https://dx.doi.org/10.4995/var