Operacionalizar los principios de los derechos del niño: un marco de indicadores para el análisis de políticas


  • Aida Kišūnaitė University of Padova
  • Ly Hai Bui University of Padova



Palabras clave:

derechos del niño, análisis de políticas, principios


A pesar de los compromisos políticos de décadas de incorporar los derechos del niño en las iniciativas políticas, los instrumentos de seguimiento y evaluación basados en los derechos del niño siguen siendo inadecuados para este progreso. Como un esfuerzo por abordar esta brecha, el documento busca conceptualizar el enfoque basado en los derechos del niño y proponer su aplicación al análisis de políticas. Reconociendo a los niños como titulares de derechos y al Estado como el principal garante de deberes, el núcleo del enfoque basado en los derechos del niño es garantizar el disfrute y la realización de los derechos del niño a través de una serie de principios. El marco de evaluación propuesto en este documento se centra en la estructura legal del estado, las medidas de política y los resultados logrados en la realización y el disfrute de los derechos del niño y la evaluación del progreso de las políticas bajo las normas y principios de los derechos del niño. En consecuencia, el análisis de políticas basado en los derechos del niño está diseñado para basarse en dos conjuntos de indicadores que reflejan el compromiso político del estado y los principios de los derechos del niño.


Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.

Biografía del autor/a

Aida Kišūnaitė, University of Padova

Department of Political and Juridical Science, Law and International Studies

Ly Hai Bui, University of Padova

Department of Political and Juridical Science, Law and International Studies


- Agency for Fundamental Rights of the European Union (2010). Developing indicators for the protection, respect and promotion of the rights of the child in the European Union.

- Birkland, T. A. (2015). An introduction to the policy process: theories, concepts, and models of public policy making. 3rd Edition ed. New York: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315717371

- Broberg, M. & Sano, H.-O. (2018). Strengths and weaknesses in a human rights-based approach to international development - an analysis of a rights-based approach to development assistance based on practical experiences. The International Journal of Human Rights, 22(5), 664-680. https://doi.org/10.1080/13642987.2017.1408591

- Byrne, B. & Lundy, L. (2019). Children's rights-based childhood policy: a six-P framework. The International Journal of Human Rights, 23(3), 357-373. https://doi.org/10.1080/13642987.2018.1558977

- Byrne, K. (2018). Towards a Child Rights-based Assessment Tool to Evaluate National Responses to Migrant and Refugee Children Innocenti. Florence: UNICEF Office of Research.

- Cadge, N. (2011). A Rights-Based Approach to Children's Health. In: Rights-Based - Approaches to Public Health. New York: Springer Publishing Company, 183-200.

- CARE International (2019). Accountability & Transparency. Available at: https://www.care-international.org/who-we-are-1/accountability-transparency [Accessed 1 8 2019].

- Cowden, M. (2016). Children's Rights from Philosophy to Public Policy: Palgrave Macmillan US.

- Dang, T. N. (2018). The Impact of Political Culture on the Human Rights-based Approach to Development in the Central Highlands of Vietnam. Journal of Sustainable Development ISSN, 30 1.11(1). https://doi.org/10.5539/jsd.v11n1p101

- Darrow, M. & Tomas, A. (2005). Power, capture, and conflict: a call for human rights accountability in development cooperation. Human Rights Quarterly, 27(2), 471-538. https://doi.org/10.1353/hrq.2005.0015

- Doek, J. E. (2019). The Human Rights of Children: An Introduction. In: U. Kilkelly & T. Liefaard, eds. International Human Rights of Children. Singapore: Springer, 3-30. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-4184-6_1

- European Commission (2019). EU Guidelines for the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of the Child: Leave no child behind

- Agency for Fundamental Rights of the European Union (2010). Developing indicators for the protection, respect and promotion of the rights of the child in the European Union.

- Frazer, H. (2010). Who cares? Roadmap for a Recommendation to fight child poverty. Brussels, King Baudouin Foundation; FPS Social Integration.

- Gabel, S. G. (2016). A Rights-Based Approach to Social Policy Analysis. New York: Springer.Guggenheim, M. (2005). What's Wrong with Children's Rights. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24412-9_1

- Hanson, K., and Lundy, L. (2017). Does Exactly What It Says on the Tin?' The International Journal of Children's Rights 25 (2), 285. https://doi.org/10.1163/15718182-02502011

- Iusmen, I. (2018). How Are Children's Rights (Mis)Interpreted in Practice? The European Commission, Children's Rights and Policy Narratives. In: R. A. W. Rhodes, ed. Narrative Policy Analysis Cases in Decentred Policy: Springer, 97-120. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-76635-5_5

- Jonsson, U. (2003). Human Rights Approach to Development Programming: UNICEF.

- Kennan, D. et al. (2011). A rights-based approach to monitoring children and young people's well-being.

- Kickbusch, I. (2012). Learning for Well-being: A Policy Priority for Children and Youth in Europe. A process for change: Universal Education Foundation.

- Lansdown, G. (2005). The Evolving Capacities of the Child: UNICEF.

- Lundy, L. & Kilkelly, U., & Byrne, B. (2013). Incorporation of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child in Law: A Comparative Review. The International Journal of Children's Rights 21(3), 442. https://doi.org/10.1163/15718182-55680028

- Munro, L.T. (2009). The 'human rights-based approach to programming': a contradiction in terms? in S. Hickey and D. Matlin (eds), Rights Based Approaches to Development: Exploring the Potential and Pitfalls. Sterling, VA: Kumarian Press, 187-205.

- OHCHR (2012). Human Rights Indicators: A Guide to Measurement and Implementation.

- Paré, M. & Collins, T. (2017). Report on the Anti-Bullying Child Rights Assessment Tool Launch: University of Ottawa.

- Save the Children (2016). Every last child: The children the world chooses to forget

- Save the Children Sweden (2006). Child Rights Programming - How to Apply Rights-Based Approaches to Programming: A Handbook for International Save the Children Alliance Members. 2nd Edition ed.: Save the Children Sweden.

- Save the Children Sweden (2011). Governance for Children: To what extent have the general measures of implementation of the UNCRC been realised in five European Countries? Stockholm: Save the Children Sweden.

- Schröder-Bäck, P. et al. (2019). A Heuristic Governance Framework for the Implementation of Child Primary Health Care Interventions in Different Contexts in the European Union. The Journal of Health Care Organisation, Provision, and Financing, 56, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1177/0046958019833869

- Seitz, C. (2012). Rights based programming for children in conflict-affected areas - Operational Experience from the Middle East Region: Save the Children Sweden.

- Tobin, J. (2009). Judging the judges: are they adopting the rights approach with respect to matters concerning children? Melbourne University Law Review, 33(2), 579-625.

- Tobin, J. (2011). Understanding a Human Rights-based Approach to Matters Involving Children: Conceptual Foundations and Strategic Considerations. In: The Human Rights of Children from Visions to implementation. Farnham: Ashgate Publishing limited, 61-98.

- UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (2003). General comment no. 5: General measures of implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

- UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (2013). General comment No. 14 on the right of the child to have his or her best interests taken as a primary consideration.

- UNDG Human Rights Working Group (2003). The Human Rights Based Approach to Development Cooperation Towards a Common Understanding Among UN Agencies. Available at: https://undg.org/document/the-human-rights-based-approach-to-development-cooperation-towards-a-common-understanding-among-un-agencies/

- UNDG (2016). 2030 Agenda. Available at: https://undg.org/2030-agenda [Accessed 1 August 2019].

- UNESCO and UNICEF (2007). A Human Rights-Based Approach to Education for All. New York: UNICEF.

- UN Human Rights Council (2017). Resolution on the rights of the child: protection of the rights of the child in the implementation of the 2030 agenda for sustainable development, UN doc. A/HRC/34/L.25, adopted 21 March 2017

- UNICEF (2007). 'Program Policy and Procedure Manual - Program Operations, Revised February'

- UNICEF (2009). Toolkit: A Human Rights Based Approach: A User-friendly guide from UN Staff in Viet Nam for UN staff in Viet Nam: United Nations Viet Nam.

- UNICEF (2014). EU-UNICEF Child Rights Toolkit: Integrating Child Rights in Development Cooperation. New York: UNICEF.

- UNICEF (2015). Social Monitor: Social protection for child rights and well- being in Central and Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia, Geneva: UNICEF.

- UNICEF (2018). A child rights-based approach to food marketing: a guide for policy makers.

- United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (2016). The Human Rights-based Approach to Social Protection.

- Vandenhole, W. (2013). Child Poverty and Children's Rights: An Uneasy Fit? Michigan State International Law Review, 22(2), 609-636.



Cómo citar

Kišūnaitė, A., & Bui, L. H. (2021). Operacionalizar los principios de los derechos del niño: un marco de indicadores para el análisis de políticas. Revista Sobre La Infancia Y La Adolescencia, (20), 1–21. https://doi.org/10.4995/reinad.2020.13291