Productivity of type in the derivational paradigm of Old English strong verbs

Laura Pesquera Fernández

Abstract

This article aims at assessing the productivity of type of the derivational paradigms of Old English strong verbs, with which it contributes to the field of study of Old English word-formation. As a general conclusion, this analysis supports Hinderling’s (1967) and Seebold´s (1970) claim that the strong verb has to be the starting point of any description of word-formation in the Germanic languages. Other conclusions of the analysis include: (i) lexical productivity in Old English is due to affixation more often than compounding, the number of prefixal derivatives being slightly higher than the one of suffixal derivatives; (ii) the evolution from stem-formation to word-formation is in progress in Old English and, as a result, the derivation from variable bases plays an active role in the derivational morphology of the language, which displays around 900 derivatives that alternate with the inflectional forms of the corresponding strong verb.

Keywords

Word-formation; morphological productivity; prefixation; suffixation; compounding; alternations; Old English

Full Text:

PDF

References

Bammesberger, A. (1992). "The place of English in Germanic and Indo-European". In R. Hogg (ed.) The Cambridge History of the English Language I: The Beginnings to 1066. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 26-66. https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521264747.003

Bammesberger, A. (1965). Deverbative jan-Verba des Altenglischen, vergleichend mit den übrigen altgermanischen Sprachen dargestellt. München: Ludwig-Maximilians Universität.

Bosworth, J., and T.N., Toller. (1973). An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Clark Hall, J.R. (1996). A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

González Torres, E. (2009). Affixal Nouns in Old English: Morphological Description, Multiple Bases and Recursivity. PhD Dissertation, Department of Modern Languages, University of La Rioja.

Healey, A. (2003). The Dictionary of Old English in Electronic Form A-F. Toronto: Dictionary of Old English Project, Centre for Medieval Studies, University of Toronto.

Hinderling, R. (1967). Studien zu den starken Verbalabstrakten des Germanischen. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110822663

Kastovsky, D. (1968). Old English Deverbal Substantives Derived by means of a Zero Morpheme. PhD Dissertation. Tübingen: Eberhard-Karls-Universität.

Kastovsky, D. (1986). Deverbal nouns in Old and Modern English: from stem-formation to wordformation. In J. Fisiak (ed.), Historical Semantics-Historical Word Formation. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 221-261.

Kastovsky, D. (1989). "Typological Changes in the History of English Morphology". In U. Fries and M. Heusser (eds.), Meaning and Beyond. Ernst Leisi zum 70. Geburstag. Tübingen, 281-293.

Kastovsky, D. (1990). "The typological status of Old English Word Formation". In S. Adamson, V. Law, N. Vincent and S. Wright (eds.), Papers from the 5th International Conference on English Historical Linguistics. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 205-224. https://doi.org/10.1075/cilt.65.14kas

Kastovsky, D. (1992). "Semantics and vocabulary". In R. Hogg (ed.), The Cambridge History of the English Language I: The Beginnings to 1066. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 290-408. https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521264747.006

Kastovsky, D. (2005). "Conversion and/on zero: word-formation theory, historical linguistics, and typology". In L. Bauer and S. Varela (eds.), Approaches to Conversion/Zero Derivation. Münster: Waxmann, 31-50.

Kastovsky, D. (2006). "Typological Changes in Derivational Morphology". In A. van Kemenade and B. Los (eds.), The Handbook of The History of English. Oxford: Blackwell, 151-177. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470757048.ch7

Lass. R. (1994). Old English. A historical linguistic companion. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511621000

Martín Arista, J. (2005). "Ge- and the descriptive power of Nerthus". Journal of English Studies 5-6: 209-231. https://doi.org/10.18172/jes.129

Martín Arista, J. (2008). "Unification and separation in a functional theory of morphology". Robert Van Valin, (ed.), Investigations of the Syntax-Semantics-Pragmatics Interface. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 119-145. https://doi.org/10.1075/slcs.105.12mar

Martín Arista, J. (2009). "A Typology of Morphological Constructions". In C. Butler and J. Martín Arista (eds.), Deconstructing Constructions. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 85-115. https://doi.org/10.1075/slcs.107.06aty

Martín Arista, J. (2010a). "OE strong verbs derived from strong verbs". SKASE Journal of Theoretical Linguistics. In press.

Martín Arista, J. (2010b). "Lexical negation in Old English". NOWELE-North-Western European Language Evolution. In press.

Martín Arista, J. (2010c). "Building a lexical database of Old English: issues and landmarks". John Considine (ed.), Current projects in historical lexicography. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. In press.

Martín Arista, J. (Forthcoming-a). "Projections and constructions in functional morphology: the case of HREOW".

Martín Arista, J. (Forthcoming-b). "Morphological relatedness and zero alternation in Old English". In C. Butler and P. Guerrero Medina (eds.), Morphosyntactic Alternations in English. London: Equinox.

Martín Arista, J. (Forthcoming-c). "Parasynthesis in Old English word-formation".

Martín Arista, J. (Forthcoming-d). "Adjective formation and lexical layers in Old English".

Martín Arista, J. and V. Martín de la Rosa. (2006). "Old English Semantic Primes: Substantives, Determiners and Quantifiers". ATLANTIS 17: 9-28.

Pounder. A. (2000). Processes and Paradigms in Word-Formation Morphology. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110814378

Seebold, E. (1970). Vergleichendes und etymologisches Wörterbuch der germanischen starken Verben. The Hague: Mouton. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110821956

Sweet, H. (1976) (1896). The Student's Dictionary of Anglo-Saxon. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Abstract Views

1388
Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM




This journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License

Universitat Politècnica de València

e-ISSN: 1886-6298    https://doi.org/10.4995/rlyla