Los estudios de resumen documental en las ciencias de la documentación: un recorrido histórico desde sus orígenes hasta las teorías actuales

Mónica Izquierdo Alonso, Carmen Sánchez Domínguez


The objective of this paper is to highlight the main perspectives proposed by researchers in the abstracting field and to revise how specialists have approached them. The changes that have been introduced in this subject in recent years are outlined; as well as some of the theoretical hypotheses and methodological designs of abstracting are summarised. Therefore, various theoretical models for the abstracting studies are discussed, starting from those ones proposed by the linguistic structuralism to those presented by sociofunctionalist theories, including the approaches which are strictly linguistic, pragmatic linguistic or text linguistic, also the abstracting-oriented psycholinguistic or semiotic trends. The analysis and commentary of such models are focused in three approaches: product/text approach, process approach and socialconstruction approach. Finally, is offered a holistic perspective. All the models analysed are integrated in a new systematic framework. Also some methodological problems concerned with this kind of studies are suggested to be a high complex abstract.


Abstract an abstracting theory; abstracting research approaches; abstracting models and process; research trends

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