Selección y distribución de los pronombres en el español L2 de los hablantes de árabe

Estela García-Alcaraz, Aurora Bel

Abstract

Taking the Position of Antecedent Hypothesis, Carminati (2002), and the works of Alonso- Ovalle et al. (2002) regarding the Spanish language as a starting point, this paper investigates third person personal pronouns, null and overt, in non-native discourse. Specifically, we examine whether pronouns show preferences in their selection of antecedents, if they perform a particular discursive function and to what extent language transfer can explain the similarities and differences between native and non-native discourse. We work with narrative oral and written texts produced semi-spontaneously by two experimental groups: adolescent bilingual Spanish-Dariya (Moroccan Arabic) and L2 Spanish learners with L1 Dariya. The results show a certain specialization of the pronouns to establish coreference and to carry out a particular discursive function. Furthermore, L2 Spanish learners may not benefit from the positive transfer of their L1 and the knowledge and usage of the Spanish language by the bilingual subjects may not be totally comparable to the control group.


Keywords

Second language acquisition; anaphora; null pronoun; overt pronoun; oral language; written language

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