El comportamiento a largo plazo de torres y estructuras de fábrica. El Campanario de la Catedral de Monza

Luigia Binda, Antonella Saisi, Claudia Tiraboschi

Resumen

Tras el colapso de varios edificios de fábrica y torres en algunos países como Italia, los autores han formulado la hipótesis de un posible deterioro continuo de dichas estructuras debido tanto a las solicitaciones derivadas del peso propio como de las cargas cíclicas (viento, variaciones de temperatura, etc). El comportamiento a largo plazo de la mampostería histórica ha sido también objeto de estudio mediante un seguimiento continuo de ensayos en laboratorio y la aplicación de pruebas cíclicas. Los resultados indican que una investigación, tanto en laboratorio e in situ, sumada a una modelización analítica puede resultar fundamental en casos de campanarios de cierta altura. A continuación, se propone la aplicación de dichos procedimientos en el Campanario de la Catedral de Monza.


Palabras clave

Torre; Colapso; Fatiga; Viscosidad; Fábrica de ladrillo; Comportamiento a largo plazo

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Referencias

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