Foreign Language Learning In Knowledge Forums: using a knowledge-building forum in an EFL classroom

Marni Manegre, Mar Gutiérrez-Colón, Mercè Gisbert

Abstract

This paper presents the first phase of a study conducted to analyze Knowledge Building forums for evidence of second language acquisition. This study is an analysis of the posts within an existing forum in search of evidence of foreign language learning. The analysis found that the collaborative writing project shows evidence that the students passed through the stages of construction of knowledge within their foreign language classroom, however factors, such as confounding variables, inconsistencies in error types, and the small number of posts by the participants made it challenging to determine whether there is evidence of language acquisition for each student. The forum posts show evidence of knowledge acquisition, but further investigation is required to determine whether collaborative writing in knowledge forums is effective for foreign language acquisition.


Keywords

Knowledge Building forums; second language acquisition; online collaborative learning; knowledge building; English as a foreign language

Full Text:

PDF HTML

References

Al-Jarf, R. (2007). Teaching Vocabulary to EFL College Students Online. CALL-EJ, 8(2). 1-16. http://econf.uob.edu.bh/conf1/pdf%20files/133.pdf

Bielaczyc, K. & Collins, A. (2005). Technology as a catalyst for fostering knowledge-creating communities. A. M. O'Donnell, C. E. Hmelo-Silver & J. van der Linden (Eds.), Using technology to enhance learning. Mahwah NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Bielaczyc, K. & Collins, A. (2006). Fostering knowledge-creating communities. A. M. O'Donnell, C. E. Hmelo-Silver & G. Erkens (Eds.), Collaborative Learning, Reasoning, and Technology. Mahwah NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Bereiter, C. & Scardamalia, M. (2010). Can Children Really Create Knowledge?. Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology / La revue canadienne de l'apprentissage et de la technologie, 36 (1). Canadian Network for Innovation in Education. https://doi.org/10.21432/T2ZP43

Bereiter C., Scardamalia M. (2014) Knowledge Building and Knowledge Creation: One Concept, Two Hills to Climb. In: Tan S., So H., Yeo J. (Eds.) Knowledge Creation in Education. Education Innovation Series, pp. 35-52. Singapore: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-047-6_3

Bikowski, D. & Vithanage, R. (2016). Effects of Web-Based Collaborative Writing on Individual L2 writing Development. Language Learning & Technology, 20(1), 79-99. https://scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu/bitstream/10125/44447/1/20_01_bikowskivithanage.pdf

Brantlinger, E., Jimenez, R., Klinger, J., Pugach, M. & Richardson, V. (2005). Qualitative Studies in Special Education. Exceptional Children. 71(2), 195-207. https://doi.org/10.1177/001440290507100205

Chen-Chung, L., Pin-Ching, W. & Shu-Ju, T., (2016). An analysis of student engagement patterns in language learning facilitated by Web 2.0 Technologies. ReCALL 28(2), 104- 122. https://doi.org/10.1017/S095834401600001X

Chuy, M., Scardamalia, M., Bereiter, C., Prinsen, F., Resendes, M., Messina, R., Hunsburger, W., Teplovs, C., & Chow, A. (2010). Understanding the nature of science and scientific process: A theory building approach. Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, 36(1). https://doi.org/10.21432/T2GP4R

Cingel, D. P. & Sundar, S. (2012). Texting, techspeak, and tweens: The relationship between text messaging and English grammar skills. New Media & Society. 14(8).https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1461444812442927. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444812442927

Comas-Quinn, A., Mardomingo, R. & Valentine, C. (2009). Mobile blogs in language learning: Making the most of informal and situated learning opportunities. ReCALL 21(1), 96-112. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0958344009000032

Consell Superior d'Avaluació del Sistema Educatiu (2015). Avaluació del projecte COMconèixer. Barcelona, Departament d'Ensenyament, Consell Superior d'Avaluació del Sistema Educatiu, col·lecció 'Documents' 32. http://cdl3.cdl.cat/COMconeixer/docs/Avaluacio_Projecte_COMconeixer.pdf

Cook, J. & Smith, M. (2004). Beyond formal learning: Informal community eLearning. Computers & Education. 43(1-2), 35-47. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2003.12.003

Deming, W. E. (1986). Out of the Crisis. MIT Press.

Gunawardena, C. N, Lowe, C. A., & Anderson, T. (1997). Analysis of a Global Online Debate and the Development of an Interaction Analysis Model for Examining Social Construction of Knowledge in Computer Conferencing. Journal of Educational Computing Research. 17(4). https://doi.org/10.2190/7MQV-X9UJ-C7Q3-NRAG

Heiser, S., Stickler, U. & Furnborough, C. (2013). Student training in the use of an online synchronous conferencing tool. CALICO Journal, 30(2), 226-251. https://doi.org/10.11139/cj.30.2.226-251

Johnson, D.W. & Johnson, R.T. (1999). Making cooperative learning work, Theory Into Practice, 38:2, 67-73. https://doi.org/10.1080/00405849909543834

Kim, B., Tan, L., & Bielaczyc, K. (2015). Learner-generated designs in participatory culture: What they are and how they are shaping learning. Interactive Learning Environments, 23(5), 545-555. https://doi.org/10.1080/10494820.2015.1067974

Kimmerle, J., Moskaliuk, J., Brendle, D. & Cress, U. (2017). All in Good Time: Knowledge Introduction, Restructuring, and Development of Shared Opinions as Different Stages in Collaborative Writing. International Journal of Computer Supported Collaborative Learning. 12(2), 195-213. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11412-017-9258-6

Laferriere, T., Law, N. & Montaine, M. (2012). An International Knowledge Building Network for Sustainable Curriculum and Pedagogical Information. International Education Studies, 5(3), 148-160. https://doi.org/10.5539/ies.v5n3p148

Montane, M., Amaros, C. & Gisbert, M. (2017). The COMknowledge project: evaluation of methodological aspects of the project based on pupils' perceptions. Unpublished conference paper.

Moss, J. & Beatty, R. (2006). Knowledge building in mathematics: Supporting collaborative learning in pattern problems. International Journal of Computer Supported Collaborative Learning, 1(4), 441- 465. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11412-006-9003-z

Nami, F, Marandi, S.S., Sotoudehnama, E., (2018). Interaction in a discussion list: An exploration of cognitive, social, and teaching presence in teachers' online collaborations. ReCALL,30(3), 375-398. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0958344017000349

Paavola, S., Lipponen, L. & Hakkarainen, K. (2004). Models of Innovative Knowledge Communities and Three Metaphors of Learning. Review of Educational Research. 74(4), 557-576. https://doi.org/10.3102/00346543074004557

Scardamalia, M. & Bereiter, C. (1991). Higher levels of agency for children in knowledge building: A challenge for the design of new knowledge media. Journal of the Learning Sciences, 1,37-68. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327809jls0101_3

Scardamalia, M. & Bereiter, C. (1994). Computer Support for Knowledge Based Communities. Journal of the Learning Sciences 3(3), 265-283. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327809jls0303_3

Scardamalia, M. & Bereiter, C. (2006). Knowledge building: Theory, Pedagogy, and Technology. In K. Sawyer (Ed.) Cambridge Handbook of the Learning Sciences, pp. 97-118. New York: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139519526.025

Scardamalia, M., Bereiter, C., Brett, C., Burtis, P.J., Calhoun, C., & Smith Lea, N. (1992). Educational applications of networked communal database. Interactive Learning Environments. 2(1), 45-71. https://doi.org/10.1080/1049482920020105

Sun, Y., Franklin, T. & Gao, F. (2015). Learning Outside of Classroom: Exploring the Active Part of an Informal Online English Learning Community in China. British Journal of Educational Technology. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjet.12340

Thorne, S., Black, R. W. & Sykes, J. M. (2009). Second language use, socialization, and learning in internet interest communities and online gaming. The Modern Language Journal, 93(1), 802-821. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4781.2009.00974.x

Yim, S., Warschauer, M., (2017). Web-Based Collaborative Writing in L2 Contexts: Methodological Insights From Text Mining. Language Learning & Technology, 21(1), 146-165. https://scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu/bitstream/10125/44599/1/21_01_yimwarschauer.pdf

Zhan, Z., Xu, F. & Ye, H. (2011). Effects of an online learning community on active and reflective learners' learning performance and attitudes in a face-to-face undergraduate course. Computers & Education, 56(4), 961- 968. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2010.11.012

Abstract Views

1516
Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Licencia Creative Commons

This journal is licensed under a  Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License.

Universitat Politècnica de València

e-ISSN: 1695-2618    http://dx.doi.org/10.4995/eurocall