¿Qué pueden aportar las ciencias de la visión al diseño gráfico?

Vicent Sanchis Jurado, Álvaro Pons Moreno

Resumen

El diseño gráfico es importante y necesario en el mundo de hoy porque la vista es la principal forma de adquisición de información. Por lo tanto, es lógico pensar que las ciencias de la visión pueden ayudar en la toma de decisiones a nivel de diseño. Comprender conceptos como la agudeza visual, la sensibilidad al contraste, entre otros, contribuirá a optimizar la legibilidad del texto a través de una selección óptima de parámetros tipográficos para formatos impresos y digitales. Además, entender el efecto de las diferentes alteraciones en la visión del color mejorará la accesibilidad del diseño.


Palabras clave

Sistema visual; Percepción; Psicofísica; Visión del color; Accesibilidad

Texto completo:

PDF

Referencias

ARDITI ARIES Y JIANNA CHO: "Serifs and font legibility." Vision research 45.23 (2005): 2926-2933. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.visres.2005.06.013

ARTIGAS JOSE MARÍA, CAPILLA PASCUAL, FELIPE ADELINA, Y PUJOL JAUME: Óptica fisiológica. Psicofísica de la visión, España, McGraw-Hill/Interamericana de España, SA.

BENJAMIN, WILLIAM J: Borish's Clinical Refraction-E-Book. Elsevier Health Sciences, 2006.

BERKLEY MARK A., FREDERICK KITTERLE, Y DAVID W. WATKINS: "Grating visibility as a function of orientation and retinal eccentricity." Vision research 15.2 (1975): 239-244. https://doi.org/10.1016/0042-6989(75)90213-8

BIGELOW CHARLES: "Typeface features and legibility research." Vision research 165 (2019): 162-172. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.visres.2019.05.003

Boletín Oficial del Estado. Real Decreto 818/2009, de 8 de mayo, por el que se aprueba el Reglamento General de Conductores.

DOWNIE LAURA E., LJOUDMILA BUSIJA, Y PETER R. KELLER: "Blue‐light filtering intraocular lenses (IOLs) for protecting macular health." Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 5 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD011977.pub2

ELLIOTT C. BROWN, CREDELLE T. L., HAN S., IM M. H., HIGGINS M. F., Y HIGGINS, P.: "Development of the PenTile Matrix™ color AMLCD subpixel architecture and rendering algorithms." Journal of the Society for Information Display 11.1 (2003): 89-98. https://doi.org/10.1889/1.1831725

FISHMAN GERALD A.: "John Dalton: though in error, he still influenced our understanding of congenital color deficiency." Ophthalmic genetics 29.4 (2008): 162-165. https://doi.org/10.1080/13816810802251446

HENDERSON BONNIE AN, Y KELLY JUN GRIMES: "Blue-blocking IOLs: a complete review of the literature." Survey of ophthalmology 55.3 (2010): 284-289. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.survophthal.2009.07.007

HUBEL DAVID H., Y TORSTEN N. WIESEL: "Receptive fields of single neurones in the cat's striate cortex." The Journal of physiology 148.3 (1959): 574-591. https://doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.1959.sp006308

JANG YOUNG GUN, HACK YOON KIM, Y YI M. K.: "A color contrast algorithm for e-learning standard." International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security 7.4 (2007): 195-201.

LAI EDWARD, BENJAMIN LEVINE, Y JESSICA CIRALSKY. "Ultraviolet-blocking intraocular lenses: fact or fiction." Current opinion in ophthalmology 25.1 (2014): 35-39. https://doi.org/10.1097/ICU.0000000000000016

LEGGE GORDON E., AND CHARLES A. BIGELOW. "Does print size matter for reading? A review of findings from vision science and typography." Journal of vision 11.5 (2011): 8-8. https://doi.org/10.1167/11.5.8

LEGGE, GORDON E., PARISH, D. H., LUEBKER, A., Y WURM, L. H.: "Psychophysics of reading. XI. Comparing color contrast and luminance contrast." JOSA A 7.10 (1990): 2002-2010. https://doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.7.002002

LEGGE, GORDON E., PELLI, D. G., RUBIN, G. S., Y SCHLESKE, M. M.: "Psychophysics of reading-I. Normal vision." Vision research 25.2 (1985): 239-252. https://doi.org/10.1016/0042-6989(85)90117-8

LEGGE GORDON E., GARY S. RUBIN, Y ANDREW LUEBKER: "Psychophysics of reading-V. The role of contrast in normal vision." Vision research 27.7 (1987): 1165-1177. https://doi.org/10.1016/0042-6989(87)90028-9

LEGGE, GORDON E., RUBIN, G. S., PELLI, D. G., Y SCHLESKE, M. M.: "Psychophysics of reading-II. Low vision." Vision research 25.2 (1985): 253-265. https://doi.org/10.1016/0042-6989(85)90118-X

MALACARA DANIEL: "Color vision and colorimetry: theory and applications." Color Research & Application: Endorsed by Inter‐Society Color Council, The Colour Group (Great Britain), Canadian Society for Color, Color Science Association of Japan, Dutch Society for the Study of Color, The Swedish Colour Centre Foundation, Colour Society of Australia, Centre Français de la Couleur 28.1 (2003): 77-78. https://doi.org/10.1002/col.10118

NAVARRO RAFAEL, Y M. ANGELES LOSADA: "Shape of stars and optical quality of the human eye." JOSA A 14.2 (1997): 353-359. https://doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.14.000353

OSAKA NAOYUKI: "Size of saccade and fixation duration of eye movements during reading: Psychophysics of Japanese text processing." JOSA A 9.1 (1992): 5-13. https://doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.9.000005

PATERSON DONALD G. Y MILES A. TINKER: "Studies of typographical factors influencing speed of reading. X. Style of type face." Journal of Applied Psychology 16.6 (1932): 605. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0070644

PELI ELI. "Contrast in complex images." JOSA A 7.10 (1990): 2032-2040. https://doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.7.002032

PIEPENBROCK COSIMA, MAYR S., MUND, I., Y BUCHNER, A.: "Positive display polarity is advantageous for both younger and older adults." Ergonomics 56.7 (2013): 1116-1124. https://doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2013.790485

POINTER JONATHAN S.: "The influence of level and polarity of figure‐ground contrast on vision." Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica 79.4 (2001): 422-425. https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-0420.2001.079004422.x

SANDNES FRODE EIKA, Y ANQI ZHAO: "An interactive color picker that ensures WCAG2. 0 compliant color contrast levels." Procedia Computer Science 67 (2015): 87-94. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2015.09.252

SHARMA GAURAV: "LCDs versus CRTs-color-calibration and gamut considerations." Proceedings of the IEEE 90.4 (2002): 605-622. https://doi.org/10.1109/JPROC.2002.1002530

SHEEDY JAMES E., IAN L. BAILEY, Y THOMAS W. RAASCH.: "Visual acuity and chart luminance." American journal of optometry and physiological optics 61.9 (1984): 595-600. https://doi.org/10.1097/00006324-198409000-00010

SHEEDY, J. E., TAI, Y. C., SUBBARAM, M., GOWRISANKARAN, S., & HAYES, J.: "ClearType sub-pixel text rendering: Preference, legibility and reading performance." Displays 29.2 (2008): 138-151. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.displa.2007.09.016

SLOAN, LOUISE LITTIG: "Reading aids for the partially sighted: A systematic classification and procedure for prescribing." (1977).

TINKER, MILES ALBERT: Legibility of print. No. Z250 A4 T5. 1963.

TINKER MILES A., Y DONALD G. PATERSON: "Studies of typographical factors influencing speed of reading. VII. Variations in color of print and background." Journal of Applied Psychology 15.5 (1931): 471. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0076001

UNE 170002:2009 Requisitos de accesibilidad para la rotulación

Abstract Views

897
Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM





Esta revista se publica bajo una Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Universitat Politècnica de València

e-ISSN: 2341-3018    ISSN: 2253-6337  http://dx.doi.org/10.4995/eme