Human resource development practices and organizational performance: Examining the mediating role of transformational leadership style


  • Shady Shayegan Islamic Azad University
  • Neda Yavari Islamic Azad University
  • Ardeshir Bazrkar Islamic Azad University



Human resource development practices, organizational performance, electricity industry, Iran, transformational leadership


Human resource development practices focus on the specific goals of the organization, about what needs to be done and the change that needs to be applied. The most important and effective ways of human resource development are training and development, employee involvement and professional development. The employees of the organization pointed out. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of using human resources practices on improving organizational performance with regard to the mediating role of transformational leadership style in the electricity industry in Iran. The present study was based on the purpose of an applied research and in terms of method was a descriptive-survey study. A questionnaire was used to collect research data. The statistical population of the present study consisted of senior and middle managers of companies under the Ministry of Energy that were active in the Iranian electricity industry. The number of these people was estimated at 883 in the initial study, and finally, using the Cochran's formula, 268 people were selected as the sample size. After collecting data through a questionnaire, data analysis was performed using structural equation modeling. The results showed that human resource development practices have a positive and significant effect on the organizational performance of the companies under study.Has an effective mediating role. Since transformational leadership style is one of the prerequisites for the development of service organizations, by applying this style of leadership in the organization, as well as implementing effective measures and practices such as training with individual development approach and employee participation, organizational performance can be improved.


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Author Biographies

Shady Shayegan, Islamic Azad University

Department of Industrial Management, Technology Management – Industrial Development Strategies, Electronic Branch

Neda Yavari, Islamic Azad University

Department of Industrial Management, Technology Management – Industrial Development Strategies, Electronic Branch

Ardeshir Bazrkar, Islamic Azad University

Department of Industrial Management, North Tehran Branch


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How to Cite

Shayegan, S. ., Yavari, N., & Bazrkar, A. (2022). Human resource development practices and organizational performance: Examining the mediating role of transformational leadership style . WPOM-Working Papers on Operations Management, 13(2), 64–85.



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