The influence of Leberecht Migge in the creation of the modern productive Siedlungen

David Arredondo Garrido


Agriculture and food production has not been a central issue in the discourse of contemporary architecture and urbanism. In spite of this, it is possible to recover some interesting projects of architects who made serious efforts to reverse the disconnection between rural and urban worlds. Professionals who looked for a direct relationship between house functionality and food production. Some periods of crisis, like the interwar period in Central Europe, created an ideal atmosphere for the appearance of proposals that sought the food self-sufficiency of its inhabitants. This article aims to contextualize the role of the landscape architect Leberecht Migge and his connections with some architects in the creation of the modern Siedlungen. Migge's labor was eclipsed by the great masters of the Modern Movement with whom he worked, but he played a key role in the success of productive housing. His theoretical work and his designs stand out as the most effective and relevant modern Siedlungen where agriculture is fully integrated with housing. This trend ran parallel to the most groundbreaking proposals of the Modern Movement, but only for an ephemeral journey. Once the crisis that allowed its flowering was overcome, these same architects forgot self-sufficiency forever as an objective of their interventions.


Leberecht Migge; food self-sufficiency; housing; Weimar Republic; urban agriculture

Full Text:



Argan, Giulio Carlo. “L’architettura dell’espressionismo”. In Bilancio dell’espressionismo, ed. VVAA. Firenze: Vallecchi, 1965.

Bauwelt-Redaktion. “Bauen vom Boden her”. Bauwelt, 33 (1925): 5-7.

Becker, Fritz, Irene Below, and Peter Koitzsch. Leopold Fischer: Architekt der Moderne; Planen und Bauen im Anhalt der Zwanziger Jahre. Dessau-Roßlau: Funk-Verlag, 2010.

Beusch, F. Gartensiedlung Dessau-Ziebigk ein (fast) vergessenes Denkmal des Neuen Bauens der 20er Jahre. Dessau: Werkstatt Dessau-Bauhaus, 1999.

Bosch Abarca, Jorge. "Theodor Goecke. The Small Dwelling in the German Urban Debate of the End of the Nineteenth Century". VLC Arquitectura. Research Journal, 4, 2 (2017): 87-118.

Burckhardt, Lucius, Gesamthochschule Kassel, eds. Leberecht Migge, 1881-1935: Gartenkultur des 20. Jahrhunderts. Worpswede: Worpsweder Verlag, 1981.

Cárdenas Maestre, Isabel de. “El 'Manifiesto Verde' de Leberecht Migge”. Cuaderno de notas, 12 (2009): 119-34.

Crouzet, François. A History of the European Economy, 1000-2000. Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Press, 2001.

Darré, Walter. Neuadel aus Blut und Boden. Munich: Lehmanns, 1930.

Eberstadt, Rudolph. Handbuch des Wohnungswesens und der Wohnungsfrage. Jena: Gustav Fischer, 1920., access May 2018.

Frederick, Christine. Efficient Housekeeping, or Household Engineering: Scientific management in the home. Chicago: American School of Economics, 1919.

Hall, Murray. “Adolf Loos und Frau Doktor. Die Vereinstätigkeit der Eugenie Schwarzwald”. In Aufbruch zur Jahrhundertwende. Der Künstlerkreis um Adolf Loos, ed. C. Kreuzmayer, 92-99. Linz: Parnass, 1985.

Haney, David H. When Modern Was Green: Life and Work of Landscape Architect Leberecht Migge. London; New York: Routledge, 2010.

Henderson, Susan R. "Ernst May and the Campaign to Resettle the Countryside: Rural Housing in Silesia, 1919-1925". Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, 61, 2 (2002): 188-211.

Hilberseimer, Ludwig. The New Regional Pattern; Industries and Gardens, Workshops and Farms. Chicago: P. Theobald, 1949.

Hölbusch, I. ““Everyone self-sufficient”. The urban garden colonies of Leberecht Migge”. In The Werkbund: History and ideology, 1907-1933, ed. Lucius Burckhardt. Woodbury, NY: Barron’s, 1980.

Le Corbusier. “Réorganisation rurale”. In La Ville Radieuse, 319-36. Paris: Vincent Fréal and Cie., 1964.

Loos, Adolf. “Die Moderne Siedlungen”. In Trotzdem, 209-38. Innsbruck: Brenner, 1930.

Loos, Adolf. “Wohnen Lernen!”. In Trotzdem, 188-93. Innsbruck: Brenner, 1930.

Michelis, Marco de. “The Green Revolution Leberecht Migge and the Reform of the Garden Modernist Germany”. In The History of Garden Design. The Western Tradition from the Renaissance to the Present, ed. Monique Mosser and Georges Teyssot, 409-19. London: Thames and Hudson, 1991.

Migge, Leberecht. Die Gartenkultur des 20. Jahrhunderts. Jena: Eugen Diederichs, 1913.

Migge, Leberecht. Jedermann Selbstversorger! Jena: Diederichs Verlag, 1918.

Migge, Leberecht. “Das grüne Manifest”. Die Tat 10, 2 (1919): 912–919.

Migge, Leberecht. “Die Stadtland Kultur der Stadt Grünberg”. Siedlund-Wirtschaft, 10 (1924): 63.

Migge, Leberecht. “Zeitgemässe Garten-Technik”. Siedlungs-Wirtschaft, 6 (1925): 48-49.

Migge, Leberecht. Deutsche Binnen-Kolonisation. Berlin: Deutsche Kolonial Verlag, 1926.

Migge, Leberecht. Garden Culture of the Twentieth Century. Edited and translated by David H. Haney. Washington, D.C: Dumbarton Oaks, 2013.

Miljutin, Nikolai. Sotsgorod: The Problem of Building Socialist Cities. Cambridge Massachusetts; London: The MIT Press, 1974.

Morán, Nerea, and José Luis Fernández Casadevante. Raíces en el asfalto. Pasado, presente y futuro de la agricultura urbana. Madrid: Libros en Acción, 2015.

Peltz-Dreckmann, Ute. Nationalsozialistischer Siedlungsbau. München: Minerva, 1978.

Sagarra, Eda. A social history of Germany, 1648-1914. New York: Holmes & Meier, 1977.

Sáinz Guerra, José Luis. Las Siedlungen alemanas de los años 20: Frankfurt, Berlín, Hamburgo. Valladolid: Colegio Oficial de Arquitectos en Valladolid, 1995.

Scarpa, Ludovica. Martin Wagner e Berlino. Casa e città nella Repubblica di Wiemar 1918-1933. Roma: Officina Edizioni, 1983.

Schulz, Gerhard. Deutschland am Vorabend der grossen Krise. Berlin: Walter de Kruyter, 1987.

Schütte-Lihotzsky, Margarete. “Die Siedlershütte”. Der Baumeister (1929): 33-38.

Schütte-Lihotzsky, Margarete. “Rationalisierung im Haushalt”. Das neue Frankfurt, 5 (1926): 120-23.

Taut, Bruno. “Ausstellung “Heim und Scholle” in Braunschweig”. Die Bauwelt 21 (1925): 485-86.

Taut, Bruno. Die Auflösung der Städte. Die Erde eine gute Wohnung. Der Weg zur Alpinen Architektur. Hagen: Folkwang, 1920.

Taut, Bruno. Die Neue Baukunst in Europa und Amerika. Stuttgart: Julius Hoffmann, 1979.

Wagner, Martin. Das wachsende Haus: ein Beitrag zur Lösung der städtischen Wohnungsfrage = The growing house. Wohnungsfrage. Leipzig: Spector Books, 2015.

Walker, Jennifer S. “Re-envisioning the relationship between landscape architecture and the politicized food complex”. PhD diss., University of Georgia, 2009.

Wright, Frank Lloyd. The Disappearing City. New York: W. F. Payson, 1932.

Abstract Views

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


Cited-By (articles included in Crossref)

This journal is a Crossref Cited-by Linking member. This list shows the references that citing the article automatically, if there are. For more information about the system please visit Crossref site

1. La periferia en la ciudad alemana: de la ciudad-jardín a la Siedlung moderna
Jorge Bosch Abarca
VLC arquitectura. Research Journal  vol: 7  issue: 1  first page: 1  year: 2020  
doi: 10.4995/vlc.2020.10994

This journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Universitat Politècnica de València

e-ISSN: 2341-2747    ISSN: 2341-3050