A pavilion for Constantin Meunier by architect Gaston Eysselinck (1929)

Marc Dubois

Abstract

At the end of the 19th century, the Belgian sculptor Constantin Meunier (1831-1905) had an international reputation. The main theme of his oeuvre is the working class. His sculptures were frequently exposed in different European cities. Two of his works were presented at the art biennale of Venice in 1907. The Ny Carlsberg Glytotek in Copenhagen possesses the largest collection of Meunier’s sculptures (48 pieces).

In 1929, the S.C.A.B. (Société Centrale d’Architecture de Belgique), the national architects organisation, launched a competition for the "Monument au Travail", a monument that puts four reliefs and five sculptures together in Laken (Brussels). The architect Mario Knauer (1879-1948) was chosen to build the monument. The young architect Gaston Eysselinck (1907-1953) participated with a fascinating project, but was directly eliminated by the jury. What were the ideas of Eysselinck’s proposition? A pavilion with a roof garden and an open ceiling? A meditation space where the light enters, following the example of Dante’s Paradise? Or was he influenced by the German pavilion of Mies van der Rohe in Barcelona, built in the beginning of 1929?


Keywords

Meunier; Eysselinck; monument; Dante; Mies van der Rohe

Full Text:

PDF

References

DEMANET, M., Knauer, Mario, In: A. Van Loo, ed., Repertorium van de architectuur in België van 1830 tot heden. Antwerp: Mercatorfonds, 2003

DEROUET, Christian, Zervos et Cahiers d'Art, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, 2010.

DEVIGNE, M., Les Grands Belges: Constantin Meunier, Turnhout: Etablissement Brepols, 1919.

DUBOIS, M., Architect Eysselinck - Van rijwoning tot C.I.A.M, In: CAO / Centrum voor Architectuur Onderzoek, nr.1, 1986

DUBOIS, M., I Giardini's first pavilion / II primo padiglione nei Giardini, In: Architetti della Fiandra, Vlaamse Gemeenschap, Brussels, 1991

DUBOIS, Marc, Aansluiting bij de Europese avant-gade: studiereizen van de Vlaamse architect Gaston Eysselinck in Nederland, 1927 & 1929, In: Eigenbouwer, 3, 2014

DUBOIS, Marc, Een gebouw van Europese klasse - A building of European class, In: Hommage Robert Hoozee, MSK, Gent, 2014.

HENDRICKX, G., Étude Critique, L’Emulation, 1930, 1.

LANGUI, E., ‘Een interview met architect Gaston Eysselinck over functionele architectuur', In: De Vooruit, (14th of November 1937).

PLOEGAERTS, L, PUTTEMANS, P, L’œuvre architecturale de Henry van de Velde. Brussels/Québec: Atelier Vokaer / Les presses de l’Université Laval, 1987.

THIRY, R., HENDRICKX, G., Le Monument au Travail de Constantin Meunier, Tekhné, Brussels: 1929.

TUDURI, Nicolau Maria Rubió, Le Pavillon de l'Allemagne à l'Exposition de Barcelone, In: Cahiers d'Art, VIII-IX, 1929.

VANDEPITTE, F. (ed.) Constantin Meunier 1831-1905, Koninklijke Musea voor Schone Kunsten van België, Brussels/Tielt: Lannoo, 2014

Abstract Views

3294
Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM




This journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Universitat Politècnica de València

e-ISSN: 2341-2747    ISSN: 2341-3050   https://doi.org/10.4995/vlc

Guardar