Renée Gailhoustet’s typological atlas: an architectural "Alphabet"

María Pura Moreno

Abstract

When reading into the underlying thinking of every architectural project, there are references that, together with the motivation behind the making of all decisions, give rise to the contextual framework of the project for its critique. Renée Gailhoustet (1929-...) is an architect whose professional work, carried out between 1961 and 1995, synthesized political and social interests through typological experimentation, mainly in the field of collective housing. In her projects in urban peripheries, she tested architectural mechanisms that raised the questioning of the urban model emerged with the institutionalization of the functionalist postulates of the Athens Charter. In this article we will analyze the transition of her typological discourse in order to understand her text entitled "Alphabet" with which she formed a kind of "doxa" or vade mecum. The selected terms, in alphabetical order, specified her interests, which materialized as constants in her work, and intellectual coordinates which were coincident with those of other architects of her generation. The objective will be to demonstrate how the multi-directionality of these anthropological and architectural meanings modeled a theoretical corpus that, complemented by her philosophy studies and by her political commitment, geared her proposals towards the improvement of social conditions for coexistence and the rapport between the city and its people.


Keywords

Renée Gailhoustet; Architectural alphabet; Typology; Inhabiting

Full Text:

PDF

References

Ayers, Andrew. “Les ‘Étoiles’ d’Ivry-sur-Seine.” L’Architecture d’Aujourd’hui, no. 407 (June 2015).

Buffard, Pascale. Jean Renaudie. Paris: Edizione Carte Segrete, Sodedat 93, Institut français d'architecture, 1993.

Cantal-Dupart, M., Ronald Castro, and Antoine Stinco. La ville à livre ouvert. Regard sur cinquante ans d’habitat. Francia: Délégation à l’architecture et à la construction, 1980.

Chaljub, Bénédicte. “Renée Gailhoustet.” In Architectures Expérimentales 1950-2000. Paris: Editions HYX, Collection Frac Centre, 2003.

Chaljub, Bénédicte. “Les oeuvres des Architectes Jean Renaudie et Renée Gailhoustet, 1958-1998, Théorie et practique.” PhD diss., Université Paris VIII Vincennes - Saint-Denis, 2007.

Chaljub, Bénédicte. La politesse des maisons. Paris: Ed Actes-Sud, 2009.

Chaljub, Bénédicte. “Référence. Renée Gailhoustet en ses terrasses.” Le Moniteur Architecture, no. 180 (June 2008).

Chaljub, Bénédicte. Renée Gailhoustet. Une poétique du logement. Paris: Editions du patrimoine Centre des monuments nationaux, 2019.

Critchlow, Keith. Order in Space. A Design Source Book. London: Thames and Hudson, 1969.

Eleb, Monique, and Sabri Bendimérad. Vu de l’intérieur. Habiter un immeuble en Île-de-France, 1945-2010. Paris: Archibooks - Bookstorming, 2011.

Gailhoustet, Renée. “Tour de 96 logements. Ivry-sur-Seine.” L’Architecture d’Aujourd’hui, no. 139 (1968).

Gailhoustet, Renée. “Ivry rénovation centre-ville.” Crée, no. 3 (February-March 1970).

Gailhoustet, Renée. “Parpaings à Villejuif. Logements H.L.M Passage de la Fontaine.” Techniques et Architecture, no. 332 (1980).

Gailhoustet, Renée. “La Maladrerie, Logements à Aubervilliers.” Techniques et Architecture, no. 335 (1981).

Gailhoustet, Renée. “Quartier de la Maladrerie, Aubervilliers.” L’Architecture d’Aujourd’hui, no. 215 (1981).

Gailhoustet, Renée. “136 Logements Au-dessus d’un Centre Artisanal à Ivry-sur-Seine.” Techniques et Architecture, no. 343 (1982).

Gailhoustet, Renée, and Gérard Grandval. Architectes repères, repères d’architectures: 1950-1975. Paris: Editions du Pavillon de L’Arsenal, 1991.

Gailhoustet, Renée. “Architecture et Amicitia, recontre à Amsterdam.” Archivari, Revue Trimestrielle d’Architecture, no. 6 (1986).

Gailhoustet, Renée. “Jeux de Construction.” Le Almanach, L’Humanité, 1986.

Gailhoustet, Renée. “Savoir penser à l’échelle du quartier.” Le Moniteur Architecture, AMC, no. 25 (1991).

Gailhoustet, Renée. Éloge du logement. Paris: M. Riposati, 1993.

Gailhoustet, Renée. Des racines pour la ville. Paris: Les Éditions de l’Épure, 1998.

Gailhoustet, Renée. “Sans doute? Cent architects parlent doctrine.” Les Cahiers de la Recherche Architecturale et Urbaine, no. 5-6 (October 2000).

Gailhoustet, Renée. Plans of the building Spinoza in Ivry-sur-Seine, 1970-1972, ref. 999113238 and ref. 999113240, Collection Frac Centre-Val de Loire, Orléans.

Gailhoustet, Renée. “Une pionnière.” Architecture Intérieure Crée, no. 1461 (May 2019).

Granovetter, Mark S. “The strength of weak ties.” American Journal of Sociology 78, no. 6, (1973) http://www.redcimas.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/m_MGranovetter_LAfuerzaDE.pdf. Access 20 September 2019.

Hermant, André. Formes Utiles. Paris: Édition du Salon des arts ménagers, 1959.

Klein, Richard, and Alex S. MacLean. Les grands ensembles. Une architecture du XXe siècle. Paris: Dominique Carré, 2011.

Kopp, Anatole. Ville et Révolution. Architecture et urbanisme soviétiques des années vingt. Paris: Anthropos, 1967.

Lefebvre, Henri. “Le droit à la ville.” L’Homme et la société, no. 6 (1967). https://doi.org/10.3406/homso.1967.1063

Lefebvre, Henri. El derecho a la ciudad. Barcelona: Península, 1969.

Linhart, Robert. L’Établi. Paris: Editions de Minuit, 1978.

Moiroux, Françoise. “Référence. La rénovation du centre d’Ivry-sur-Seine (1963-1968).” Le Moniteur Architecture, no. 154 (2005).

Renaudie, Jean. “La ville es une combinatoire.” L’Architecture d’Aujourd’hui, no. 146 (October 1969).

Rudofsky, Bernard. Architecture without architects. New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1964.

Scalbert, Irénée. A right to difference. The Architecture of Jean Renaudie. London: AA Publications, 2004.

Smithson, Alison, and Peter Smithson. “An Urban Project: Golden Lane Housing. An Application of the Principles of Urban re-identification.” In Architects’ Year Book 5, edited by Trevor Dannatt. London: Elek Books, 1954.

Violeau, Jean-Louis. Les Architectes et Mai 68. Paris: Éditions Recherches, 2005.

Abstract Views

990
Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM




This journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Universitat Politècnica de València

e-ISSN: 2341-2747    ISSN: 2341-3050   https://doi.org/10.4995/vlc

Guardar