The contributions of Gropius and Wachsmann to the timber house industry

Bartolomé Serra Soriano, Alfonso Díaz Segura, Ricardo Merí de la Maza

Abstract

Walter Gropius and Konrad Wachsmann made a significant contribution to the housing prefabrication industry. After the Second World War, they set principles that have served as a basis for continuous revisions in the interests of optimising the industry. The Packaged Houses are a research that shows a continuous review of the processes and constructive systems of prefabricated houses. This article tries to study (following a chronological criterion and focused on the context of this type of construction) the experience of Gropius and Wachsmann and their contributions as a basis for other investigations that, even today, continue their course.


Keywords

Packaged Houses; Gropius; Wachsmann; industrialization; timber

Full Text:

PDF

References

Argan, G. Walter Gropius y la Bauhaus. Madrid: Abada Editores, 2006.

Cassinello, P. "Eduardo Torroja y la industrialización de la machine à habiter 1949-1961." Informes de la Construcción 60, no. 512 (2008). https://doi.org/10.3989/ic.08.031

Fernández Rodríguez, L., and Soler Monrabal, C. "El General Panel System de Konrad Wachsmann y Walter Gropius, 1941." In Proceedings of the seventh national congress on the history of construction. Santiago, 26-29 October 2011. Madrid: Instituto Juan de Herrera, 2011.

Ford, E. R. The Details of Modern Architecture. Vol. 1. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1990.

Giedion, S. Walter Gropius. New York: Dover Publications, 1992.

Gutiérrez Calderón, P. "Una casa para Einstein: Konrad Wachsmann y la evolución de un modelo prefabricado desde las casas Christoph & Unmack A.G. al General Panel System." In International Conference on Construction Research of the Eduardo Torroja Institute. Housing: past, present and future, November 2013. Madrid: Instituto de Ciencias de la Construcción Eduardo Torroja, 2013.

Herbert, G. The Dream of the Factory-Made House. Walter Gropius and Konrad Wachsmann. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1984. https://doi.org/10.7551/mitpress/2494.001.0001

Imperiale, A. "An American Wartime Dream: The Packaged House System of Konrad Wachsmann and Walter Gropius." In Proceedings 2012 ACSA Fall Conference, 27-29th September 2012. Philadelphia: Temple University, 2012.

Lupfer, G., and P. Sigel. Gropius. Berlin: Taschen GmbH, 2006.

Nelson, G. "Architects of Europe today." Pencil Points 17, no. 8 (August 1936): 429

Nerdinger, W. Walter Gropius. Opera completa. Milano: Electa Spa, 1998.

Norberg-Schulz, C. Los principios de la arquitectura moderna. Barcelona: Editorial Reverté, 2005.

Pehnt, W. "Gropius the Romantic." Art Bulletin 53, no. 3 (September 1971): 384. https://doi.org/10.1080/00043079.1971.10790510

Wachsmann, K. Building the wooden house. Technique and design. Berlin: Birkhäuser Verlag, 1995.

Wachsmann, K. "Seven Theses." In Rethinking Technology. A reader in architectural theory, edited by W. W. Braham and J. A. Hale. New York: Routledge, 2007.

Weber, N. The Bauhaus Group. Six Masters of Modernism. New York: Yale University Press, 2009.

Wingler, H. Bauhaus. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1969.

Abstract Views

1280
Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM




This journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Universitat Politècnica de València

e-ISSN: 2341-2747    ISSN: 2341-3050   https://doi.org/10.4995/vlc