Construcción automática de ortofotomapas: una aproximación fotométrica

R. Prados, R. García, L. Neumann

Resumen

La construcción de mosaicos de imágenes permite obtener representaciones de grandes dimensiones y resolución de una misma escena. Son frecuentes hoy día las cámaras fotográficas que incorporan un software destinado a su construcción o aplicaciones en línea como Google Maps que permiten visualizar mapas resultantes de la construcción de foto-mosaicos. Habitualmente los mosaicos panorámicos son generados a partir de imágenes adquiridas mediante una cámara que únicamente efectúa movimientos de rotación alrededor de un punto fijo. Cuando las condiciones de adquisición varían y la cámara también se traslada, surgen fenómenos, como el de paralaje, que dificultan la unión no perceptible de las imágenes. A ello hay que añadir las diferencias en apariencia que varias fotografías adyacentes pueden presentar debido a mecanismos automáticos de las cámaras, como el de control de exposición. En el presente trabajo se describe un procedimiento completo para la construcción automática de mosaicos con apariencia totalmente continua y consistente, en los que las uniones de las distintas imágenes que lo conforman no son visibles. Las imágenes son registradas mediante métodos que garantizan consistencia geométrica, y unidas utilizando técnicas de fusión (o blending), con el objetivo de asegurar una transición no visible entre imágenes y una apariencia global coherente en todo el mosaico. El procedimiento descrito es aplicado sobre una secuencia con el fin de evaluar su utilización en el contexto de las imágenes aéreas de grandes dimensiones.

Palabras clave

Procesamiento de imagen; realzado de imagen; emparejamiento de imágenes; registro de imágenes; métodos de gradiente

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Revista Iberoamericana de Automática e Informática Industrial RIAI  vol: 14  num.: 2  primera página: 123  año: 2017  
doi: 10.1016/j.riai.2016.09.009



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