Prototipo de una plataforma móvil de bajo coste para simulación de vuelo de alto realismo

J.J. Ortega, M. Sigut

Resumen

En este artículo se presenta un prototipo de plataforma móvil para simulación de vuelo de alto realismo. La parte central de este prototipo, que hemos denominado Albatros, es la maqueta hecha a mano. Esta maqueta es una réplica a escala de la plataforma a tamaño real que los autores pretenden construir en un futuro próximo. La maqueta está basada en la plataforma Stewart-Gough, y se ha equipado con actuadores neumáticos y potenciómetros magnéticos como sensores de posición. La plataforma móvil recibe la información de vuelo proveniente de un simulador de vuelo comercial en forma de la posición de referencia para los seis actuadores. Así, la plataforma móvil puede seguir los movimientos del avión simulado gracias a la implementación de seis controladores proporcionales-integrales. La interfaz entre el ordenador de simulación y la maqueta es una placa Arduino Mega. La simulación de vuelo de alto realismo se ha pretendido alcanzar gracias, por un lado, a un seguimiento lo más fiel posible de la consignas generadas por el software de simulación de vuelo y, por otro, a un retardo entre los movimientos del avión simulado y la maqueta tan pequeño como sea posible.

Palabras clave

Simulación de vuelo; Arduino; control PID; bajo coste; alto realismo; sistema multiplataforma

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Referencias

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