Control en red basado en eventos: de lo centralizado a lo distribuido

María Guinaldo, José Sánchez, Sebastián Dormido

Resumen

Los sistemas de control en red (SCR) son aquellos en los que los diferentes elementos de un lazo de control (sensores, actuadores y controladores) se encuentran espacialmente distribuidos y la transmisión entre ellos tiene lugar a travón de informaciés de un canal de comunicación o red. La reducción de la cantidad de información transmitida juega un papel importante en el desempeño de estos sitemas, y reglas de comunicación no convencionales como el control basado en eventos, se han demostrado efectivas. En este artículo se revisan algunas de estas estrategias, centrándose en primer lugar en los SCR centralizados, para posteriormente estudiar esquemas de control distribuido, aplicados a sistemas de gran escala. Finalmente, algunos de los resultados teóricos se aplican al control de formaciones en un sistema de experimentación real.

Palabras clave

Control en red; control basado en eventos; control distribuido; sistemas de gran escala; sistemas multi-agente; control de formaciones; robots móviles

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Referencias

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