Ambiente Robótico Lúdico para Terapias de Rehabilitación de Pacientes Pediátricos con Lesión del Miembro Superior

Jairo A. Acevedo-Londoño, Eduardo Caicedo-Bravo, Javier F. Castillo-García

Resumen

Este trabajo presenta una propuesta de asistencia para las terapias de rehabilitación de niños con lesión del miembro superior, basada en el desarrollo de un ambiente lúdico de asistencia tecnológica, cuyo objetivo es contribuir al aumento del beneficio de las terapias, en cuanto a la motivación y avance en el componente de rehabilitación físico. Este ambiente se denominó SpinBOT, y está compuesto por:  un guante didáctico instrumentado con un acelerómetro, un módulo de control, una plataforma robótica y una herramienta de visualización. Se seleccionaron 4 sujetos de estudio, divididos en dos grupos, grupo objetivo y grupo de control. La intervención de la terapia consistió en el desarrollo de 3 tareas durante 4 semanas y 2 sesiones por semana. Mediante la valoración GAS, (del inglés: “Goal Attainment Scale”) se observó el progreso del uso operativo del robot, lo que ayudó en la motivación para asistir a las terapias; además de, generar habilidades físicas y cognitivas.


Palabras clave

Discapacidad; Robótica asistencial; Extremidad superior; Ingeniería; Robótica; Terapia; Rehabilitación

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Referencias

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