Robots de servicio

Rafael Aracil, Carlos Balaguer, Manuel Armada

Resumen

El término Robots de Servicio apareció a finales de los años 80 como una necesidad de desarrollar máquinas y sistemas capaces de trabajar en entornos diferentes a los fabriles. Los Robots de Servicio tenían que poder trabajar en entornos noestructurados, en condiciones ambientales cambiantes y con una estrecha interacción con los humanos. En 1995 fue creado por la IEEE Robotics and Automation Society, el Technical Committee on Service Robots, y este comité definió en el año 2000 las áreas de aplicación de los Robots de Servicios, que se pueden dividir en dos grandes grupos: 1) sectores productivos no manufactureros tales como edificación, agricultura, naval, minería, medicina, etc. y 2) sectores de servicios propiamente dichos: asistencia personal, limpieza, vigilancia, educación, entretenimiento, etc. En este trabajo se hace una breve revisión de los principales conceptos y aplicaciones de los robots de servicio.

Palabras clave

Robots de servicio; robots autónomos; robots de exteriores; robots de educación y entretenimiento; robots caminantes y escaladores; robots humanoides

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Referencias

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