Aplicaciones practicas de los sistemas multi-UAV y enjambres aéreos

Pablo García Auñón, Juan Jesús Roldán Gómez, Jorge de León, Jaime del Cerro, Antonio Barrientos

Resumen

A día de hoy, existen en el mercado una gran cantidad de aeronaves sin piloto que pueden ser comandadas con ordenes de alto nivel para realizar tareas complejas de forma casi automatica, como por ejemplo el mapeo de explotaciones agrícolas. De forma natural, nos podemos preguntar si sería posible coordinar a un grupo de estos robots para realizar esas mismas tareas de forma más rápida, flexible y robusta. En este trabajo se repasan las tareas que se han planteado resolver con sistemas compuestos por grupos de aeronaves no tripuladas y los algoritmos empleados, así como los metodos y estrategias en los que están basados. Aunque el futuro de estos sistemas es prometedor, existen ciertos obstaculos legislativos y técnicos que frenan su implantación de forma generalizada.

Palabras clave

Multi-UAV, Enjambres aéreos, Tareas, Despliegue, Cobertura, Búsqueda y rescate, Vigilancia, Monitorización, Transporte

Clasificación por materias

50: Robótica y sistemas robotizados

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Referencias

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