Reutilización de software en la robótica industrial: un mapeo sistemático

A. Solis, J. Hurtado

Resumen

Existe una tendencia a utilizar los enfoques de reutilización de software en el dominio de los sistemas robóticos industriales, con el fin de acelerar su desarrollo. Aunque algunos estudios muestran los beneficios de desarrollar usando diferentes enfoques de reutilización, estas prácticas no se han incorporado masivamente en la industria, principalmente, debido al desarrollo de software propietario por parte de los fabricantes y a la diversidad del hardware subyacente. Sin embargo, estos estudios han sido de gran valor para avanzar en su adopción. A través de un mapeo sistemático de la literatura, se muestra la adopción de los diferentes enfoques de reutilización, dentro de los cuales se analizan los más utilizados como la ingeniería dirigida por modelos MDE (Model-Driven Engineering), el desarrollo basado en componentes CBSE (Component-based Software Engineering) y la arquitectura basada en servicios (SOA). Por otro lado, se analizan los marcos de trabajo por ser las soluciones más utilizados y en términos de herramientas, se enfatiza en ROS (Robot Operating System) como una plataforma de referencia para el desarrollo rápido de aplicaciones. El principal reto identificado en esta área de estudio es definir estrategias combinadas y prácticas de los enfoques de reutilización MDE, CBSE y SOA, con el fin de aprovechar las diferentes ventajas de reutilización que cada uno ofrece.


Palabras clave

Reutilización; robótica industrial; manipulador robótico; programación de robots

Clasificación por materias

Sistemas robotizados; Programación de robots y sistemas multi-robot; Robótica industrial y manipuladores robóticos; Informática Industrial

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Referencias

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