Transporte multi-AGV de una carga: estado del arte y propuesta centralizada

F. Espinosa, C. Santos, J. E. Sierra-García

Resumen

Un vehículo de guiado automático (Automatic Guided Vehicle –AGV-en inglés) es un sistema de transporte industrial completamente automatizado y alimentado por baterías. Estos vehículos son ampliamente utilizados en el sector industrial para sustituir a carretillas manuales y cintas transportadoras. El reto de la utilización de AGVs como agentes de transporte en entornos industriales pasa por dotarles de la inteligencia suficiente para desarrollar tareas colaborativas. Dentro de estas tareas colaborativas se diferencia el transporte multi-AGV de un objeto del transporte multi-AGV de múltiples objetos. Este trabajo presenta el estado del arte de las soluciones de transporte cooperativo de un objeto entre varios AGVs. Para ello, se revisan los fundamentos teóricos y se clasifican y describen varias propuestas para su resolución. Finalmente se propone una solución de control remoto centralizado para el transporte de una carga con AGVs omnidireccionales.

Palabras clave

AGVs; vehículo de guiado automático; unidad de transporte omnidireccional; transporte cooperativo; control industrial; sector industrial

Clasificación por materias

Control de robots y sistemas multi-robot; Robots móviles y vehículos autónomos inteligentes;

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