Sintonización del controlador en cascada PI-STA para aplicaciones de filtros activos de potencia

R. Terán, J. Pérez, J. Beristáin, V. Cárdenas

Resumen

Típicamente el esquema de control de un filtro activo de potencia corresponde a un controlador en cascada, el cual consta de un lazo externo para la regulación del voltaje de cd y un lazo interno para el seguimiento de una corriente de referencia. Cada uno de estos lazos de control está asociado a un controlador que permite converger rápidamente a su respectiva referencia. Este trabajo emplea un controlador PI en el lazo externo y el algoritmo Super-Twisting (STA) en el lazo interno, los cuales conforman al controlador en cascada denotado como PI-STA. Este artículo presenta una metodología para sintonizar los controladores PI y STA, donde el primero se sintoniza a partir de la respuesta al escalón, mientras el STA se sintoniza a partir de considerar la similitud de su estructura con respecto a la de un PI, facilitando así la obtención de las ganancias del STA. Para validar la metodología de sintonización, se presentan resultados en simulación y experimentales.

Palabras clave

Filtros activos; inversores; electrónica de potencia; control en cascada; control en modos deslizantes; calidad de la energía

Clasificación por materias

150: Control de procesos industriales, sistemas energéticos, mineros, ingeniería civil y edificios; 180: Control de máquinas y motores y mecatrónica; 20: Ingeniería de control de procesos e instrumentación

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Referencias

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